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AS and A Level: Environmental Management
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Five pointers to help you succeed when studying environmental management
- 1 “Sustainability” or “sustainable development” is key to every environmental management question. This was defined by the Brundtland Commission in 1987.
- 2 Show that you are aware that environmental management is a controversial topic, and that there is often a wide range of opinion about what the issues are and what the best strategies might be.
- 3 Questions about resource management may be improved by referring to theoretical classifications of resources such as finite or infinite resources, human or natural resources, stock or flow resources, renewable or non-renewable resources.
- 4 People and their activities have affected the physical environment. But the physical environment has also affected people and human activities. This is often overlooked.
- 5 Cost benefit analysis is an important idea. The best answers make use of actual data and figures to indicate costs and benefits.
- 1 Students often mix up the greenhouse effect, the ozone hole and acid rain. They are different problems with different causes and effects.
- 2 It is not very precise to talk about “global warming”. It is better to refer to “global climate change” as not all areas are predicted to get warmer, and “climate change” includes changes in rainfall and other variables not just temperature.
Three important environmental management facts
- 1 The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated in 2007 that global climate change is happening and it is 95% certain that this is due in part to human activity.
- 2 The concept of “peak oil” was first proposed by M.King Hubbert in 1956, but has recently become more widely used. Many experts believe the peak of global oil production has already occurred or will occur around 2020.
- 3 It has been estimated that about half of the Earth's mature tropical forests have been destroyed since 1947 (a loss of between 7.5 million and 8 million km2 ). Some scientists have predicted that by 2030 there will only be 10% of the 1947 forests remaining.
- Marked by Teachers essays 5
- Peer Reviewed essays 1
- Word count: 1298
Total Academic Infringment Penalty (A,B) ____ The search for sources of energy began when human beings first started to burn wood or other forms of biomass to generate heat for cooking and heating themselves (Bodansky, 2004 cited in Bailey, 2015, p.218). It was followed by hydropower and wind energy sources. By the second half of the nineteenth century, however, natural gas was gradually playing a significant part as an energy source. ?Fracking? is a new technology following the boom of natural gas, which uses high-pressure fluids to fracture shale formations deep below ground, and then releasing the natural gas trapped within (Thompsom, 2012).
- Word count: 1045