Identify factors that contribute to the equality of individuals in society

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P1 identify factors that contribute to the equality of individuals in society

Social factors

Ethnicity - belonging to a group that shares the same characteristics, such as country of origin, language, religion, ancestry and culture. Ethnicity is a matter of biological and historical fact and is not changed by the culture in which a person grows up. This links to the equality of individuals in the society because we are all living with each other and tolerating each other in such ways that have accepted each other for who we are.

Culture - describes what people develop to enable them to adapt to their world, such as language, gestures, tools to enable them to survive and prosper, customs and traditions that define values and organise social interactions, religious beliefs and rituals, and dress, art, and music to make symbolic and aesthetic expressions.  Culture is linked to equality and society because we are all living with each other and have accepted their culture.

Social class – This is the recognition of social alliance based on how wealthy you are which will determine how much power you have. How well you are educated and where you live is also an importance of social class.

Four common social classes (in their descending order) Upper class, middle class, working class and the lower class.

This links to equality because everyone has a specific group the same which have the same status in a certain respect.

Political factors

Legislation- The sex discrimination Act 1975

This was an act introduced not to discriminate men and women when it came to areas of employment. This act tries to provide equal opportunities for promotions and for men and women to get jobs without discrimination

 Welfare state is a concept of government where the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. The general term may cover a variety of forms of economic and social organization.

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The race relations Act 1976

Race is about what country you’re from and what skin colour you are. The Act of parliament successfully made it illegal to discriminate someone because of their race in employment, housing or services.


Equality defined basically means equal rights for people regardless of what factors they might have that is different. Equality states that because they are human they must be equal.


A stereotype is a fixed, over indiscriminate belief about a particular group or class of people. For example, a “hells angel” biker dresses in leather.         ...

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