Identify the factors that contribute to diversity and influence the equality of individuals in society.

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Identify the factors that contribute to diversity and influence the equality of individuals in society.

From the two case studies identify and explain ways in which the two families are different because of the effect of social class, financial ability, geographical location, family structure and ethnicity.

Case Study One-Elizabeth

Sixteen year old Elizabeth Dorkins lives with her mother, father and two little brothers in a leafy suburb in Kent. Their house is detached with a large garden. Elizabeth’s mother is a school teacher at a local primary school and her father catches the train into London during week days where he works as a solicitor. Her grandparents live nearby. Elizabeth is in the sixth form at the all girls secondary school she attended.

Case Study Two-Tola

Tola Atolgi is fifteen years old and lives with his mother and little sister. They live in a highly populated area of London in a flat above a shop in the high street. Tola often has to look after his sister because his mother is at work. She works as a cashier in the local super market. His mother’s parents are still live in Nigeria and he has only met them once when he was very small when his father was still alive. When he has finished year 11 Tola hopes to go on to the F.E. College.


Describe the effects of at least six factors on the equality of individuals in society.

You need to be able to explain the effects of the following on individuals: social class, financial viability, family structure, geographical location, ethnicity, gender, age. Use the two different people in the case studies to help you.

In this assignment I am going to discuss diversity and how it influences equality, by social class, family structure, financial ability, geographical location (where you live), ethnicity, gender and age.

I am going to compare two case studies about Elizabeth and Tola. There are many differences in these two case studies. I will take each factor and discuss the differences and see if equal opportunities exist.

Social class and financial ability

Social class is one way of grouping people together. Someone’s social class is based on their occupation, which is linked to their family, education and where they live.

The Government has split people in to different levels of social class determined by their work. There are eight different social class levels.

Elizabeth and Tola’s social class are very different because Elizabeth’s parents are in a very good job so their social class level is 1.2 (higher professionals) whereas Tola’s mum works as a shop assistant which means her social class level is six.

Elizabeth and Tola are not equal because their social classes are different. Elizabeth lives with both parents that are in jobs with a good income which is above the minimum wage, but Tola lives with his mum as his dad died when Tola was young. This means Tola’s mum is earning the minimum wage.


Ethnicity is the cultural or national group that people belong to. Different ethnic groups have their own individual characteristics, for example; where they were born, your skin colour and your cultural background.

Elizabeth and Tola’s ethnic groups are different because Elizabeth is white and Tola is black. They are also different because of the way their family lives and educated them. Elizabeth and Tola think and behave differently but are equally important and should have equal access to the same opportunities in life.

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Family structure

There are seven different types of family structures; nuclear families which are made up of a mother, father and their children. The nuclear family is often thought of as the “normal” family group. Extended families are made up of a mother, father, their children plus other relatives who either live close by or live in the same house hold. Single parent families are where a parent has decided to bring his or her children up on their own, this is usually the result of divorce, separation or death of the one parent. A reconstituted family, ...

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