P1 Case study. The purpose of this report is to explain how the application of values and principles enable professionals to provide a holistic care.
For my p1 I will be including a cast study about an individual who is suffering from a number of disorders.
John Smith is 33 year old and he suffers from a lot of disorders. He has epilepsy (seizures), cerebral palsy (paralysis), blood circulation problems, osteoporosis (weak bones), scoliosis, chest infection and nasal polyps (build-up of mucus). John and his family has provided a care plan that is essential in order to properly look after John, he cannot communicate verbally but he does it by blinking his eyes. The purpose of this report is to explain how the application of values and principles enable professionals to provide a holistic care.
Care planning is an essential part of healthcare. A care plan ensures that no issues are neglected and it provides a map to guide the health and social care worker into providing adequate care for the service user. To be effecting and comprehensive, the care planning process must involve all disciplines that are involved in the care of the patient. The ultimate purpose of the care plan is to guide all who are involved in the care of this person to provide the appropriate treatment for the patient or client and it needs accordingly to include physical, intellectual, social and emotional requirements. A care worker unfamiliar with the patient/resident should be able to find all the information needed to care for this person in the care plan. This process is never truly completed until the patient is discharged from the current care setting or decreased.
Referral to care
Identify current provision
Plan to meet needs recorded
Implement the care plan
Communicate the plan
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When any discussion about principles and values takes place there can be a lot of disagreement, as our awareness of right and wrong is influenced by our upbringing. The influence of our parents or carer helps to form our attitudes to situations and scenarios at an early age and this process is known as socialisation. Here are some of the care principles for NHS, providing John with everything he needs.
The NHS provides a universal service for all based on clinical need, and not the ability to pay, meaning that the NHS will ensure that the services he needs will be provided. Another principle is that the NHS will provide a comprehensive range of services. This means that the NHS will have a range of services for John if he needs them and will also ensure that they shape their services around the needs and preferences of John, his family, and his carers.
Making sure that all of John’s individual needs are responded to the best of their ability, also improving the quality and the standard of their services, to ensure that any errors are minimised and that John is receiving the best quality standard care.
John will not have to pay for his treatment or medication because the NHS have a public funds that helps John. The NHS will also work with others to ensure a smooth service for every patient. This means that John shouldn't have any major problems with the services he uses. The NHS also helps to keep individuals healthy, and will work to reduce health problems. For John this means that he can put his care in the hands of the NHS, and they will provide him with all the services he needs, to ensure that he is receiving the quality of care that he deserves. Finally, the last care principle is that the NHS will respect individual’s confidentiality, and ensure that all individuals have access to information about services, treatment and performance. This means that John can trust the NHS with his information, and since John cannot talk, he can receive information in a different form. This also means that John is being treated fairly.
Individual attitudes are inextricably linked to values. Our personal attitudes affect the way in which we relate to others and our general behaviour towards them. Our attitudes are part of our individual identity but it is very important that it does not stop us accepting and valuing others. These values are normally learnt from individuals parents or carers, and don't usually change throughout their life. One of his most important values is his medication, because it helps him keep alive. It is not taken then he could be in serious danger, which can lead to death. John frequently mentions and goes in detail about his medication in his care plan showing how important they are to him.
Empowerment means giving individuals enough information to enable them to make informed decisions and make choices about their life. It lies at the heart of the care value base, devised by the Care Sector Consortium in 1992 in order to provide a common set of ethical principles and values for health and social care worker. You can empower John by asking him question or giving him a choice to choose something he likes, and he will respond to you by blinking.
John can be emotionally affected by his care plan because it might be different from what he was used to. The carers’ needs to make sure that the medication are given on the right time, which helps to improve his well beings. His care plan book shows that his physical needs are met to communicate with us. To meet his intellectual needs his family and carers you should communicate with John and take him out often, also by giving John to touch fabrics that he likes. John should be taken to a day care centre to meet his social needs, participating in activities and meeting with other individuals with a disability lets him form a bond with others.
To make sure that John is not being discriminated against, carers and professionals must read John’s book so that they have knowledge about John. John should be treated equally with respect and also his views and opinion are taken into account.
Holistic health care is an integrated approach to health care that treats the whole person and not simply symptoms and disease, all the professionals work together in order to provide the best quality care for John. John can benefit from this because if he needs different kinds of support then there are professionals available and ready to help him with anything. He also receives the quality of care that he has the right to, this is good for John because it will keep him emotionally happy and in good spirit and also because he has a lot of people to care for him, he can put his trust in them to their job at the best of their ability.
His parents can also benefit from this because it gives them a break from having to care for John for 24 hours. The carers should follow the book in order to provide the proper care without his parents having to worry about him; also John’s parent can learn something new that can be used in the future for example new ways to care for their son.
The NHS also benefits them because it doesn’t cost them anything, and that the staff will get their jobs done in the best way possible with no stress, this is because the NHS makes their job easier. Everyone will be treated equally and if the NHS works together with other professionals then there would be fewer things for John’s parent to be worried about.
There are a lot of assessment tools that can be used when planning a support care for John. Professionals, carers and his family can keep a log book for John, a checklist of things that must or needs to be done for example his medication and any write down any problems that might occur when caring for John. To let other staff know what has been happening there could a daily log book where everything is written down for that particular day.
Sometimes problems can occur when writing and implementing a support care plan; this can be caused by support carer who hasn’t read his book properly or just not treating John with respect that he deserves. To make sure that John is receiving quality of care at all times, professionals should record everything for the next carer in line of duty. John’s care plan include a lot of professionals and sometimes communicating between each other can be really hard, so they should make sure that everything is done properly and to the book because if anything is missed and not done properly this can lead to serious consequence to John’s health.