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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968
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- Marked by Teachers essays 3
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of racial equality but it was clearly not enough for the cause and attitudes like this of top politicians slowed down any progress in the development overall. Any additional help that could come through Government needed the placement of politicians willing to help racial equality, especially in the Deep South, but a lack of black voters in these states left clearly racist politicians with no intention of changing the racist laws that governed their state. The increase in voters during this period was not enough to sway the vote away from racist politicians and any progress in this way was clearly going to be a slow process.
- Word count: 1232
To what extent did the US president hinder rather than help the development of African American civil rights in the period from 1865-1992?3 star(s)
Although most hindered the development and were passive, by 1992 presidents had created Civil Rights for African Americans. In this essay I will be discussing the both side of the argument in which I will include the Presidents who helped the development of African American and those who hinder the development. Presidents hindered the development of African Americans Civil Rights because at the start of the time period they frequently held White Supremacist views. For example, Johnson at the start of the period can be seen as actively hindering the development of African American Civil Rights. Johnson clearly opposed civil right legislation as the civil war was his priority.
- Word count: 1235
To what extent was the 1920s a major turning point in the development of labour and trade union rights in the USA from 1865-1992?4 star(s)
For example, workers saw a rise in real wages and employers taking actions to improve working conditions by reducing working hours and introducing insurance benefits and pension plans. Henry Ford was an example of the "welfare capitalism" which characterised the 1920s, Ford Motor Company was the first big business to double the daily wage and introduce the 8 hour working day. Representatives were even able to meet with employers to discuss grievances over production and plant safety. These developments were clearly significant for labour rights as the fundamental right of working in a safe environment and negotiating conditions were established.
- Word count: 1243
Use sources A, B and C and your own knowledge. How far was the outbreak of the war of American Independence due to the lack of willingness of the American colonies to compromise in the years 1770 to 1775?4 star(s)
Because of this, by 1770 relations between British authorities and the leaders of the colonial legislatures had broken down. Moreover, events such as the Gaspee incident worsened relations between the American colonies and the British and it showed that the Colonists had no respect for the British policies and were not willing to compromise with the British' ideas to improve relations. In addition, source A suggests that due to the American colonies not abiding to the British policies throughout the 1760's the British felt that they couldn't trust the colonies to obey various regulations and restrictions that were needed for the colonists to have more freedom.
- Word count: 1062
As alcohol became a luxury item increasing its appeal and demand to young people. Non-drinkers were also targeted as a means of improving sales due to the obvious profits to be made. This meant that by 1922 consumption began to rise steadily reaching the amount of 1.2 gallons of alcohol per capita 1923, a huge leap compared to the 0.8 gallons consumed in 1919 before prohibition. Driven by the opportunity to satisfy demand and make a profit a network of illegal bootleggers and speakeasies emerged.
- Word count: 1330
The increase in federal power supported people through the recession and restored the national morale and avoided the feeling of isolation particularly for farmers. Increasing the confidence and hope in the American people was crucial in order for quick and successful economical restoration in the U.S and it is therefore possible to view the New Deal as success. However, Source C challenges this idea by presenting Roosevelt's New Deal policies as tyranny and a ploy through use of the classical mythology of the Trojan Horse.
- Word count: 1648
How effective was the early civil rights movement in advancing Black Civil Rights in the period 1880-1945?3 star(s)
In reaction to the Black Codes the 14th amendment was passed in 1868. This stated that all free men shall be protected and enjoy equal treatment under the law. The idea was to protect the African American population, making them citizens thus forcing the federal Government to be responsible for them. If rights were denied by any States, the State in question would lose all representation in Congress. Yet to many Southern States this threat carried little purpose and no real threat. The States were prepared to accept the loss of representation in order to continue discriminating against the black population.
- Word count: 1123
Moreover, the latter was upheld by a radical groups known as the Ku Klux Klan made up of different individuals some possessing a great deal of power such as governors and police officers. They felt that segregation of Black and White Americans was correct and used violent means such as 'lynching' to enforce the same. It is ironic then that Black Americans played a huge part in providing the financial support for some of the Southern states, yet only 5% registered were allowed to vote.
- Word count: 1535