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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968

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  1. How far was President Roosevelt able to solve the Economic problems of the USA by 1941?

    On August 23rd 1935 President Roosevelt signed a bill which centralised banking system which allowed the banks to lend under collateral which were now considered as able security. A slight drop occurred in the unemployment sector, this was due to Roosevelt introducing the CCC and WPA. The CCC was the Civilian Conservation Corps. It was a public relief program for that employed the unemployed, unmarried men from relief families between the ages of 17 and 28. It provided unskilled manual labour jobs related to the conservation and development of natural resources in rural lands.

    • Word count: 1037
  2. How far was the economic prosperity of the 1920s due to developments in the car industry?

    Henry Ford?s business methods and new technology allowed him to make cars more affordable. One of the methods he used was the introduction of hire purchase, where buyers were able to pay for the car in instalments. This meant that more people were buying cars as they were more affordable. This bought in money into the USA and helped with the economic prosperity. Henry Ford also introduced an assembly line which was a more efficient method of producing cars. An electric conveyer belt carried partly assembled car at the same speed as the worker. This meant that because more cars were made faster more people were buying and so bought money into the USA.

    • Word count: 624
  3. Was Lincoln a genuine advocate for civil rights for African Americans?

    Furthermore in a letter in 1862 to the editor of the New York Tribune he stated ?my oft-expressed personal wish that all men everywhere could be free[2]?. This letter was written in explanation of why he did not free all slaves that escaped to the Union Army during the Civil War. This suggests that he could have been trying to gain support in the abolitionist North and defend his reputation. Again in 1857 during a speech as part of the earlier mentioned campaign in Illinois, he states ?in her [a black woman] natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands?she is my equal[3]?.

    • Word count: 2083
  4. The USA was hit by the Great Depression in 1929 because of increasing restrictions on international trade. How far do you agree with this opinion?

    However it was the Hawley Smoot tariff which was passed in 1930 in the vain hope of protecting the market by encouraging domestic trade placed an average of 40% on agricultural and industrial goods imported to the USA. Together the two tariffs along with the retaliatory tariffs placed on American exports, curtailed world trade and between 1929 and 1930 world trade dropped $500 million, falling a further $1.2 billion in the following year after the implementation of the Hawley Smoot.

    • Word count: 1250
  5. How Important was Theodore Roosevelt to the development of US Imperialism 1900-1914

    This period was a great age of European Imperialism. Imperialist ideologies influenced many Americans who wished to promote expansionism and a more forward American foreign policy based on naval power. These men had a great influence on American foreign policy and the promotion of Imperialism. One of these men was Theodore Roosevelt. Theodore Roosevelt was pivotal in the development of US imperialism. Roosevelt's speeches fundamentally transformed popular opinion in the U.S. He equated imperialism with masculinity and ambition while denouncing isolationism as lazy and cowardly. Roosevelt argued that imperialists were not greedy but courageous instead.

    • Word count: 1109
  6. Reasons for the American entry into WW1

    He wishes that the people will accept his idea of neutrality. According to Wilson ?Every man who loves America will act and speak in the true spirit of neutrality?, so inferring that he is a man who loves America, he wants neutrality. The spirit of the nation is determined by the public word and the newspapers. Thus he must convince them that staying neutral is the right thing for America. At the time the Idea of neutrality was easy, until Germany made a few misconceptions to change the public opinion. This message told America to not hate any side.

    • Word count: 896
  7. Essay on Frederick Douglass's views about slavery in the city and slavery on plantations

    City slaves were far better off. They could work, eat well, sleep well, and do much more compared to the desolate plantation slave. A city slave had a better chance of learning how to read and write, as Douglas did. The difference in the amount and difficulty of work was tremendous; the city slave did not have the difficult task of working in the fields. Also, especially in Maryland and other northern parts of the South, it was easier for a slave to reach freedom from a city, rather than an isolated plantation.

    • Word count: 664
  8. Critical Review on The Assasination of Malcolm X based on three articles from The New York Times, Newsweek and New York Post.

    Malcolm X was described as advocating violence and a racial fanatic. Throughout the changes in Malcolm's life and in his thought, the media concentrated on creating a negative image that was sometimes true of his past, but not necessarily true of his present. The media created a specific image and consistently conveyed that negative image to the white public. Malcolm X played a very important role in the Black Muslim organization for many years. Malcolm's image in the press was first created as Malcolm X, a leader of the Black Muslims, and it was Malcolm's speaking that brought a lot of attention to the group.

    • Word count: 1331
  9. How accurate is it to say there was significant progress towards racial inequality in the period 1945-55?

    Under Truman?s government we see an attitude change to black people in politics. Before 1943 we have no African Americans in senior political and federal positions. However the change begins in this year when William Dawson and Adam Powell were elected to congress - successively in 1949 we see William Haist become a Federal Judge. This arguably indicates a crucial change in viewpoints, or at least a step forward to this. Activism due to the war also heightened in1945. This point is crucial as its direct consequences allowed direct action to influence political agenda.

    • Word count: 2084
  10. To what extent were African Americans treated as second-class citizens in the states between 1940 and 1946?

    This indicates that African Americans faced less discrimination at home, and that they were no longer viewed as second-class citizens by those at home. However, the Jim Crow laws put a poll tax in place, of $16.50, that many black people could not afford due to the high rate of unemployment within their population. This limited the political influence that African Americans had, even though they had gained more rights. Another factor impacting the political power of black people in the south was that many states issued a ?literacy test? that African Americans had to complete and answer correctly to earn the right to vote.

    • Word count: 1297
  11. The Great Depression, causes and effects.

    This was said to be a major cause for the great depression and within just two months of the stock market crash stock holders had lost nearly $40 billion dollars.(The Great Depression- top5 causes of the great depression). As a few firms posted their results stock prices fell, this triggered panic as stock holders tried to sell their shares speculating a further drop in prices. Demand for these shares fell due to the excess supply further forcing prices down. Many banks and financial institutes had invested their clients? money heavily in the stock market, with big losses many banks were forced to declare bankruptcy close down.

    • Word count: 2652
  12. To what extent do you agree with the statement that The US Economic Boom was primarily due to the Motor Industry?

    This development of the transport network was parallel to the increased construction of roads, servicing industries and the steel, rubber areas - an example being that between 1921 and 1929, the number of roads increased from 387,000 to 662,000 miles. Motor car and the servicing industries further reduced unemployment, providing increasing amounts of jobs which in turn stimulated the economy because more people had more money to invest in consumer goods that before were considered as luxury pastimes. An example of the effectiveness of the motor industry in stimulating the economy can be witnessed in Ford?s shutdown of factories which caused a mild recession in 1927.

    • Word count: 1390
  13. How far do you agree that the KKK had a strong political influence and public support in the 1920s?

    This combined with increased methods of intimidation (reducing opposition) led to the growth of the KKK - for example, in1925 the KKK?s membership had increased to to 5 million. However, although the KKK held public opinion in regards to the southern states and some of their protestant followers in the north; there is no doubt that the KKK received opposition in the form of the NAACP and pro-migration movements of the time. Furthermore, although the KKK can be seen to have had an impact on American politics, this influence and power was always limited to federal localities and did not develop into a body which influenced politics on a national scale.

    • Word count: 1396
  14. Immigration to the USA - write a letter home from a new immigrant

    As I left home, to go to the port, I did not realize how difficult this journey would be until I saw the hundreds of people waiting to enter onto the boat, racing to gain the same freedom I was hoping to see in the distant future. As I entered through the port, many of us were pulled to the side and told that we could only carry a few of our most precious items with us on our journey.

    • Word count: 870
  15. The Debate over African American troops in the Civil War.

    In the North, some argued that Black troops would negatively affect the army. ?..that one negro regiment, in the present temper of things, put on equality with those who have the past year fought and suffered, will withdraw an amount of life and energy in our army equal to disbanding ten of the best regiments we can now raise.?(New York tribune, W&B, 257) In the South, African Americans ran most plantations and by removing them you remove the work force working on these crop fields. ?Can we feed our soldiers and their families if the Negro men are taken from the plantations?.....When the Negro is taught the use of arms and the art of war, can we live in safety with them afterwards.?(Warren Akin, W&B, 270)

    • Word count: 1270
  16. Religious Freedom in the New World

    As a result of this, the colonial leadership demonstrated intolerance to other religions, including: Anglican, Quaker, and Baptist. Although the colonists initially had decent relationships with the local natives, conflicts surface over cultural differences. These led first to the Pequot War (1636?1638), and then to King Philip?s War (1675?1676), after which most of the natives in southern New England had been either pacified, killed, or ran off.

    • Word count: 567
  17. How far was the leadership of Martin Luther King responsible for the gains made by the Civil Rights movement in the years 1955-1968?

    However it must be noted that King wasn?t the only leader that the Civil Rights movement had to be proud of, and as such he couldn?t be afforded all the successes of other campaigners. For example the Little Rock Campaign detailing the prevention of black students from enrolling in Little Rock due to white racists was undertaken by the NAACP and taken to court. In 1959 a court ruling was successfully passed that allowed both white and black students to enrol in Little Rock schools.

    • Word count: 1020
  18. Martin Luther King. Martin was one of Americas greatest civil rights activists, shaping the lives of Black Americans for the better.

    In 1957, he and a few others formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). This aimed to coordinate the civil rights movement in the South. He was elected as president. King also wrote books to convince the nation to join his cause. One of his novels about the civil rights movement was ?Stride toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story,? which help spread awareness to Americans. The novel was about the boycott and nonviolent protests. Inspired students organized a new non-violent tactic: sit-ins. On February 1960, a few black students barged in a white-only store. When their order was refused, they sat patiently despite threats.

    • Word count: 1888
  19. Rosa Parks' role in the Civil Rights struggle.

    Rosa was a colored woman who had Indian and white in her heritage but never let many know that about her. While she attended grade school in Montgomery, Rosa joined a private school called ?Miss White?s school,? that was created by liberal women from the north to teach black girls domestic skills and academic subjects.When attending the school Parks said ?What she learned best in school was she herself, was a person with dignity and self-respect and she should not set her sights lower than anybody else just because she was black.? (pg 96)

    • Word count: 1232
  20. To what extent did the Domino Theory cause continued US support for South Korea in the period 1950-1953?

    Truman was fearful of the spread of communism ? an ideology rapidly expanding and strengthening across Eastern Europe and parts of Asia. In the Far East, Truman felt threatened by the spread of communism, and its appealing qualities to less economically developed countries. After China turned to communist rule in 1949, Truman was wary of a ?domino-effect? sparking, and neighboring countries falling to the ideology. In particular, Truman felt that if Korea were to fall to communism, the next ?domino? would be Japan, an incredibly strategically important location for American trade.

    • Word count: 1026
  21. How far do you agree that the Black Power movement hindered Black civil rights in the 1960s?

    It was a movement propelled by anger and had ?been given fuel by incident after incident, disappointment after disappointment, in the drive for civil rights.? Radical blacks were disgusted with the slow pace of reform and felt the need to speed things up and force the issue directly. The anger that created the Black Power movement hindered the Black civil rights because it spoiled the common idea of ?peaceful protest.? The sudden outburst of violence and rioting from the black community made the blacks seem more unappealing to the whites and the American government and prevented reform.

    • Word count: 894
  22. US History - the life of Henry Ford

    When Ford was older he became an apprentice at a work shop in Detroit fixing watches. In the year of In the year of 1888 his father gave him a forty-acre tract of land in Dearborn, Michigan on the condition that he abandoned the the machinist?s trade and return to the farm. Ford built a small house on the land and made a small salary by selling wood and firewood. He was not interested in farming and use his extra time on experimenting with steam pg.2 and gasoline engines. In 1891 he left the farm for an engineering job in Detroit.

    • Word count: 2782
  23. Comparing and Contrasting The Lives Of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. And Malcolm X

    The fact that they were both brought up in the Baptist faith and both fathers being a leader in their churches can be seen as one of the first similarities between these two men. Even though a similarity between the two can be found this early there were also differences. From an early age Martin Luther King Jr. excelled at school. He attended segregated local public grammar schools in Georgia and graduated from high school at the age of fifteen after being skipped both in the ninth and twelfth grades.

    • Word count: 1806
  24. To what extent did the situation of African Americans improve between 1945-55?

    However, in the North African Americans were granted the vote in 1945. The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (or NAACP) was involved in litigation to make voting for African Americans easier, as the number of registered black voters in the South increased to 12% by 1947. Another factor which defined politics for the African American population was the presidency of Harry Truman from 1945 to 1953. In 1946, Truman established a civil rights committee whose task was to examine violence against African Americans within America itself.

    • Word count: 1326
  25. How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement in the years 1955-64?

    as one of the results of the Boycott was the legal battle of Browder versus Gayle, that challenged Alabama transport segregation laws, and managed to overturned them. The boycott is a prime example for showing the effectiveness of coupling peaceful protest with legal action to bring about change, as the boycott not only helped to change de jure transport segregation, the pressure put on the bus companies through media attention and loss of revenue helped to change de facto transport segregation.

    • Word count: 1928

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