• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the aims and methods of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X differ?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Martin Luther King, Jr and Malcolm X had mostly the same aim - ending Black discrimination. For the former it meant integrating with Whites and learning to live among them, for the latter it meant separation, Black Pride and physical fight for their rights. The differences in their views can be derived from their backgrounds. King- middle class Christian from the South was striving for acceptance for Blacks with his strictly non-violent approach. His active non-violent resistance was exercised through legal means, protests and boycotts. One of the protests initiated by NAACP and then led by King was Montgomery Bus Boycott in which his non-violent policy was applied. ...read more.


A remarkable thing about King is his engagement in the protests. He lead many of them: Montgomery Bus Boycott, Birmingham Campaign, March on Washington and was always on the front line facing the civil right? opponents. Whereas Malcolm was born a poor Northerner and later became a muslim. He contributed to the Civil Rights movement through his speeches on why Blacks should be proud of their identity and on physical fight for civil rights, which inspired lots of frustrated Blacks. Malcolm?s teachings gave people an alternative to King, whose non-violent methods Malcolm despised and who thought that the turning the other cheek was inferior and instead advertised defending themselves ?by all means necessary?. ...read more.


The approaches of these two civil rights activists differed greatly but they had one aim - equality to Blacks. Both wanted this, though King wanted integration and Malcolm black pride in separation. All in all, they were similar in their pursuit of improvement for blacks but were two extremes of the civil rights movement. It can be argued that Malcolm X wanted the same America as King and all his speeches of hatred had only one aim - making Whites more inclined to accept King?s requests. He said in Washington ?I?m here to remind the white man what is the alternative to King?. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    the black identity by forming a type of black autonomy and separatism. The BPM however took matters further with groups such as the Black Panther Party openly carrying weapons in the streets as a means to flaunt their rights and defend themselves from the ever more brutal police forces especially in areas such as California.

  2. Linguistic Study - Linguistic Analysis of Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream', and ...

    He directly address the audience with the personal pronoun 'you'. This involves the audience in his speech, creating a bond. By saying he is 'happy to join', he using very positive lexis to describe how he feels being here. The word 'join' also expresses brotherhood and solidarity with his audience.

  1. Compare the aims, methods and achievements of MLK and Malcolm X. Which man do ...

    I also think it regrettable that this appeal needed to have occurred, but it was truly required in this case. The methods used by Malcolm X, I feel, were in reality not so far removed from King's as hypothesised by some.

  2. What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

    be argued that this event was the turning point in the Civil Rights Movement. The Freedom Rides were initiated by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), which sent a group of interracial students to travel through the Southern cities in protest to segregation on interstate buses, they had also planned

  1. Martin Luther King. Martin was one of Americas greatest civil rights activists, shaping ...

    Matthew 5:39 says ?Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.? It tells us we shouldn?t retaliate and seek revenge. All these show Christianity supports non-violence. However, the greatest influence Martin had on his philosophy was Gandhi.

  2. What was the short term significance of Martin Luther King after the March on ...

    It reads, ??I believe it electrified the country?we felt a warm surge of pride when Dr King addressed the crowds.?? Although it does not mention the civil rights bill, it talks of the effect that Kings ?I have a dream? speech had on spurring the civil rights movement on, ultimately putting pressure on congress.

  1. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    On March 10, 1969, Ray entered a plea of guilty and was sentenced to 99 years in the Tennessee state penitentiary. The King family and others believe that the assassination was carried out by a conspiracy involving the US government, as alleged by Loyd Jowers in 1993, and that James Earl Ray was a scapegoat.

  2. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    First time King had really led the movement 2. Negotiations between SCLC & city authorities led to reforms ? (protesters released from jail without charge, large department stores desegregated, racial discrimination in employment to be ended) 3. Use of media showed America the ugly side of segregation ? increased support from northern whites for CR movement 4.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work