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The State of Global Governance on Terrorism                PAGE:

The State of Global Governance on Terrorism

        No matter where you are now or where you are going to appear tomorrow, the entire globe in under the threat of the 20th century phenomenon and yet commonsense notion at the dawn of the new era. Virtually, living in danger means that you are unable to ensure safety of your residence even in the in well-off European capitals, e.g. Madrid 2004, London 2005; neither can you be safe watching the Olympic Games, e.g. Munich 1984. There’s something weird in the air making us fragile and the problem is that compared to the causes of AIDS, the roots of terror are hidden in disguise and nobody’s safe regardless the availability of the entire scope of the state-of-the-art high-tech safeguard measures. What makes the solution and who holds the key to uprooting the “plant of horror” are the challenges to be immediately responded by the international community to prevent one another building transforming into a heap of blocks overnight.

        Global terrorism is not less than the continuous war of the 21st century with thousands victims and no future guarantees at all. This is justifiable to the extent that members of the Taleban regime, Al Qaeda, ETA, IRA are indeed well organized structures, constantly promoting their activities in the range one can hardly anticipate. Therefore, no matter how hard one tries, since September 2001 the rest of the world has been lacking information about their leaders and ongoing activities. September 9/11 was a hallmark of the collapse of the world’s most powerful security system. The very fact made the whole world pay assiduous attention to the efficiency of security measures and effectiveness of the then existing anti-terrorism measures.

Since 2001 United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe, G8, NATO, OSCE, OECD and numerous other international organizations have been placing the very topic as a top priority on their agendas, including “judicial cooperation, the fight against financing networks, increased measures to protect citizens and infrastructure against terrorist attacks, particularly in public transport, the combat against radicalism and recruitment and improved support for victims of terrorist acts” (“Foreign Policy” n.d., Extent of the issue, para. 2). To this end, it is noteworthy to put an emphasis on the specific obligations of the international policies. Since 1963, The UN member-states have established international anti-terror legal framework with twelve international conventions combating terrorism and referring to the broad variety of issues. In this respect, UN Security Council Resolution 1373 of September 28, 2001 reflects some of the key tasks and obliges all member states by the following measures:

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- Prevention of the financing of terrorism, through, inter alia, freezing of the financial assets or economic resources of persons who commit, or attempt to commit, terrorist acts or who participate or facilitate the commission of terrorist acts;

- Establishment of terrorist acts as serious criminal offences in domestic laws and regulations, with commensurably serious punishment; and

- Taking appropriate measures before granting refugee status to ensure that the asylum seeker has not planned, facilitated, or participated in the commission of terrorist acts. (“In the Name,” 2003)

On the European level the European Union Counter-Terrorism Strategy, aiming to “set out ...

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