The Regeneration of the London Docklands

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 The Regeneration of the London Docklands

Setting the scene

During the nineteenth century the London Docklands was one of the busiest ports in the world, and had a high employment rate 27,000 people were being employed for building and repairing ships. Between 1950 and 1981 the Docklands had a serious decline in employment, this was due to the advances in technology. Soon the ships being built where heavier and bigger which could not be transported through the narrow Thames. Many of the docks started to close one by one and move up to the coast. As all the docks moved, unskilled workers were left unemployed with nowhere to work.

The aims of the London Docklands Development Corporation was to regenerate the economy, social and environmental conditions in the area. The LDDC regenerated the environmental conditions:

  • 17 conservation areas created
  • 160,000 trees planted
  • 130 hectares of open spaces
  • 728 hectares of the derelict lands reclaimed


The LDDC built many homes for the new comers, over 190,800 new homes where built. 7,900 homes where refurbished into luxury homes. All of these new homes being built caused a increase in population. In 1981 the population was 39,400 and in 1996 the population increased to 76,850 from all of these development new shopping centers where built to accommodate the high population which increase the demand. Almost £100 million was spent on the training, education and health.


Part of the economic regeneration of the area has been to build for the in coming and local people. Improved transportation has been generated by the development of the light railway, which carries over 320,000 customers a week. The LDDC was connected to the inner city underground station and the Bank, roads where built linked to the M11. The unemployment rate has dropped sufficiently from 14.2 percent unemployed to 9.5% since 1981 –1996.

The groups which where involved in the LDDC.

  • Housing association to help develop houses.
  • Newham council helped to lower cost of local houses.
  • LDDC planned the development.
  • National government introduced the enterprise zone to encourage business.
  • Conservation groups to improve the environment planting trees etc.    

Data collection and recording        

Data was gathered in groups to allow, for a larger sample of information this will improve the accuracy of the result, and therefore giving a more accurate conclusion.

We gathered three different types of collection sheets. The shopping tally to record how many shops there were in the Docklands? The questionnaire to find out the different views and opinions about the LDDC in the Docklands. The housing survey to record the different qualities of the housing and the area.

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The different types of survey gave us different information about the LDDC. The housing survey shows the types of housing the LDDC has built and improved. The shopping tally shows the different types of shops available for the people and what the shops are aimed at. The questionnaire shows the peoples views of the LDDC, this gives us information on who benefited from the LDDC. The problems I encounter whilst collecting my information were, the shopping tally area we visited did not have many shops. We could have gathered information from visiting a better place, also the people I interviewed ...

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