Outline of There are no absolute distinctions between what is true and what is false, Discuss this claim.

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Outline of TOK essay                                                                                              Vivian Kok 12C

“There are no absolute distinctions between what is true and what is false,”

Discuss this claim.


  • I agree with this statement. There is no way for us to determine the difference between truth and false.
  • Truth and false can also be different in areas of knowledge, for example Mathematics and natural science.
  • Ways of knowing can also affect the way we think what is true and false, for example perception and emotion.
  • Different Areas of knowledge (AOK)
  • Mathematics, Natural Science, social science, history, the arts, ethics and religion
  • Ways of knowing (WOK) 4
  • Perceptionis selective and what we notice in a given environment is influenced by factors such as intensity, contrast, interest, mood and expectations.
  • Language something that so completely surrounds us that we rarely think about it or are consciously aware of it.
  • Reason “It is often the case that when disputes arise over knowledge claims, what is at issue is not only the substance or facts of the matter, but also the logic or reasons given for acceptance of the facts, and the procedures used in reaching a conclusion”6
  • Emotion using it in a broad sense to include such things as feelings, passions and moods. Consist internal feeling and external forms of behaviour.
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Main point

  • This claim may be too objective.
  • In my opinion, true means, “ when you prove it, it can apply to something and is factually correct and reasonable ” and false means “you cannot prove that is correct and it is not reasonable ”.
  • Truth and false can also have different meaning in different areas of knowledge.
  • Perception and emotion will affect what we think.
  • “If we see something that does not “fit-in” with your overall experience of the world, then the chances are that you are mistaken”1
  • On the other hand, ...

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