Describe and evaluate one theory of personality change in adulthood Seasons of a man's life A central idea in this theory is the life structure, defined as the "underlying pattern or design of a person's life at any given time." The life structure changes over a lifespan and we build it primarily around our relationships and work. From the interviews Levinson was able to illustrate life structure evolves through a series of alternating stable (structure building) and transitional (structure changing or crisis) phases. These were dubbed "the seasons of a man's life" (outlined by figure20.1). The lifespan covers four eras: pre-, early, middle and late adulthood. Where the eras over lap, we experience transitions, which last roughly five years each. At the Pre-adulthood stage the individual grows from a baby to early adulthood. The individual then moves to early adult transition; this is where the person moves towards independence, both emotionally and financially. A person can explore life's possibilities without making firm commitments. Early adulthood is then reached; the individual forges firmer links between themselves and the adult world. More choices and commitments are made and life becomes more structured. Here it might be conceivable to start thinking about and/or starting a family and setting up a home. The individual will settle a few key choices and
Hannah Keirns June 22, 2006 ART 131 Professor Bimrose Photography Review #1 The "Havana Interiors" show featured at the Mesa Contemporary Arts Museum showcases a series of vibrant photographs by Michael Eastman. The collection invites you to Havana, Cuba where Eastman captures the beauty of their aged architecture. All of the photographs included within the show are C Type color prints on a large scale, sharing interactive themes of color, light, and space. Through these stunning photographs Eastman allows his audience to take part in the dignity he has found among poverty. The very first of his works I viewed was called "Man in Arch". The sizeable, vertical photograph depicts an elderly man sitting beneath an elaborate archway. As the archway is decorated with handsomely carved stonework, carpentry, and large pillars, the old man is simple and humble. A wall in the background crumbles and cracks, the plaster broken from age seems to mirror this man. As he sits upon a wooden chair, behind an ironwork railing, he stares off to the right, contemplating. I get the feeling that he's like an old soul, one that-like the tired architecture he sits within- has experienced it all. Around fifty years post Cuban Revolution; this man has seen the evolution of his homeland to its modern social and political decay. His demeanor is very nostalgic, as if he is wishing that
Hiu Ki TANG Urban Planning, Design and Management Yr.1 COURSEWORK : Antonello da Messina and Christ Church, Spitalfields If we closely examine an architectural work, we can often see evidence of not only functionality but also artistic achievement. For, while the architect may exhibit a scientist's attention to detail and form, he is, in essence, a creator; his canvas, a city street or countryside. The best architectural works rise above the level of the ordinary to the extraordinary; they reflect a sense of grace and style which make them true artistic works. It is not surprising, then, that we can clearly see similarities between paintings and buildings, for they are often inspired by the same artistic techniques and themes. The architect is an artist with a blueprint, the artist an architect with a paintbrush. With this in mind, we will explore the relationship between what ordinarily might be seen as two disparate works: St. Jerome in His Study by Antonello da Messina and Christ Church, Spitalfields. We can enumerate similarities between the two in terms of style and structure. The two works also seem to share a common underlying theme: the transcendence of the sacred over the ordinary. Finally, the artist's (or architect's) means of representation appears to be similar in both. By examining the commonalities between the two works, we can achieve greater
History coursework Describe the problems faced by road travellers in the 18thC and the 19thC There were many problems faced by road travellers in the 18thC and 19thC as roads were in very bad condition due to the fact that nobody would take responsibility for them. There was no organisation to maintain the roads so the public would have to repair them themselves. Most people, however, did not want to do so and consequently the job would not be done well and no new improvements would be made. The result was that the roads were in a treacherous condition. An act was passed in 1555 which stated that each parish was responsible for the repair of roads within its boundaries. There were many potholes as nobody would repair them as they were not being paid. There were no bridges over the rivers so when people wanted to travel past they had to find the shallowest part and walk through the water and this became known as the fording point. The government was not interested in road repair because of the cost. Many of the roads were narrow and filled with trees often preventing two carriages from passing at one time. Many people would get coaches to different destinations but they were not safe at all. Highwaymen would often hold up coaches and take people by surprise. They would attack and rob and take many people's money. Some people would be prepared for this by keeping a
Hell On Earth A vehicle - a cattle truck, drove through the heavy iron gates, barbed wire scraping at the sides. From where I was standing, crushed against the side by about 80 other people, I could see two buildings. The first, the larger, was made of dark grey brick with windows so small and high, that the building resembled a prison. It had two floors and at the side of the building was a row of gallows. A humiliating death in front of the other prisoners. The smaller building had no windows, only a yellow door. That was the only colour in a blanket of heavy darkness. Ironic that it should be the colour of happiness. The building's most distinctive feature was its huge chimney. I did not need to wonder its purpose. This was the gassing-house. The truck came to a shuddering halt. The back door of the vehicle was opened and a tall, imposing man, with a thick moustache ordered us out. As I went to move, I saw a large rifle tucked underneath his arm, and prayed he need not use it. When the truck had been emptied, we were ordered to stand in lines. I could see others glancing terrified at the twelve or so wardens, all looking similar to the first, each holding one of the heavy black guns. After a few minutes, a man in a sharp khaki uniform exited the large building and walked towards us. He was the commander. His shoes rapped on the flat stones beneath him and the sound
A study to identify how cob buildings in Devon and flint buildings in Norfolk are good examples of how 'the available materials are the principal dictators of style' in vernacular architecture.
A study to identify how cob buildings in Devon and flint buildings in Norfolk are good examples of how 'the available materials are the principal dictators of style' in vernacular architecture.1 Throughout the counties of Great Britain, one can see styles of architecture which are unique to their region and are rarely found outside of it. 'Such buildings, using local techniques and local materials, are said to be in the vernacular and are genuinely indigenous to their soil'.2 The reason for these regional differences is largely due to the geology of the landscape. The availability of different building materials in each region is the foundation of vernacular architecture. Infact Regional buildings cannot be separated from their backgrounds, for to uproot a building style from the environment that created it would be meaningless and it is essential for a true appreciation of vernacular buildings to think of them in their proper physical context.3 This essay looks at cob buildings in Devon and flint buildings in Norfolk, both of which are good examples of how 'the available materials are the principal dictators of style' in vernacular architecture.4 The use of unbaked earth as a building material for permanent homes was quite widespread from around the late 15th century. Different methods of construction were used across Britain including clay bat5 and pise.6 Another method,
Describe the four structures of protein. Like Carbohydrates and lipids, proteins contain the elements carbon (c), Hydrogen (h) and Oxygen (O), but in addition they also always contain Nitrogen (N). Sulphur is often present as well as iron and phosphorous. But before understanding how proteins are constructed, the structure of amino acids should be noted. The diagram below shows the general structure of amino acids. A reaction takes place between the amino group of one amino acid and the carboxyl group of another. A molecule of water (H2O) is removed in a condensation reaction. A peptide bond is formed. When two amino acids join a dipeptide is formed. Further condensation reaction can take place resulting in the addition of other amino acids to form a chain called a polypeptide. There are four levels of structure found in polypeptides and proteins. The primary structure of a polypeptide of protein determines its secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures. The primary structure of polypeptides and proteins is the sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain with reference to the locations of any disulfide bonds. The primary structure may be thought of as a complete description of all of the covalent bonding in a polypeptide chain or protein. This is the linear sequence of amino acids: Secondary structure is the ordered arrangement or conformation of amino
Construction Technology and Surveying Settlement, Subsidence and Soil Types PH1A - Settlement Settlement occurs when the foundations of a building move in any way. It is caused by stressors or tension in the surrounding environment. Settlement cracks also occur in concrete walls or foundations shortly after being poured. These however are mostly due to shrinkage. Some of the problems this can create are cracks within the walls or even the foundations. Usually this can all be repaired and stabilized. The soil quality, foundation design and amount of reinforcement are all important when trying to overcome settlement. PH1B - Subsidence Subsidence occurs when the ground sinks due to underground 'voids'. A good example of this is if you construct building on top of abandoned mines; there will obviously be voids. The consequences of subsidence can be very serious. It can not only cause serious structural damage to buildings but to roads and underground services and utilities. Some areas may appear to be subsidence free for years but then either gradually or drastically change. PH1C - Soil Types Soil types are an extremely important factor when designing a new building, especially the foundations. There are two main soil types; Cohesive and Granular. Cohesive soils have smaller particles. Silt particles range from 0.063mm - 0.002mm and clay is composed of particles smaller
During the years 1928-29, Mies worked on four projects for office buildings, all of which reveal simplifications and refinements of his early experiments in glass buildings.
Anaylsis of site planning issues Analysis and description of structural and constructional ideas The omni-directional, round or cruciform column use as a prop is a mine. Strucutre was not used as an illustration of building systems engineering but as an architectural device which, torgther with the free-standing screens, describes the perpetuity of space. The visible continuity of the arcading is constant interrupted by the screen which have been slide as internvetions into the horizontal space that separate floor from ceiling. Now hownstand beam is allowed to interfere with the plane over hear For mies a more exact and new architecture had logically evolved out of his recent acquainteance with the steel frame. The grid of mullions, spandrels and columns appears to umpoase denser, more opaque perimeter wall to the building. The presence of the columns at the edge of the building appears to impart the wall with a thickness approximating to the thickness of the column itself. Likewise, internally, for the same reasons Mies tried to avoid a hald column projecting from a wall. What is interesting to note is that Mies, whether using steel concrete, frequently detailed both materials as if they has equally plastic properties. Steel prefers to be dry connected by bolting. There are never any visible bolted connections in Mies work. Analysis of attitude towards materials Steel
In order to achieve successful sustainable development in the construction industry, environmental responsibility, economical profitability and social awareness have to be well balanced and more impotantly, engineers always have to be aware of environment
CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY: COURSEWORK CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY In the past, the main object of construction industry was how to achieve our needs with efficient cost, materials, time, etc. For example, if domestic building is built, providing what we need, such as light, water supply, heating system, etc. within the acceptable cost range, was the only things that to be concerned. However, since industrial revolution, exploded construction industry led the many problems on environment. Huge increasing on consumption of natural resources emitted significant amount of CO2, and this emission was the main causes of global warming. Moreover, depletion of ozone layer, acid rain, smog, biodiversity loss and eutrophication were come out as another environmental issues. These environmental impacts have gradually increased and people started to think how to reduce the environmental impact with fulfil our needs. In other word, how to balancing between the environmental, economical social needs. This is the basic concept of sustainable development. Figure 1: Risk and impacts of global warming1 Sustainable development is defined as: development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs2. Sustainable development, especially, in the construction industry has become critical. In