• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychoanalytic and Trait Approaches to Personality There are several different aspects of analyzing a persons personality. No two people will be the exact same.

Extracts from this document...


Psychoanalytic and Trait Approaches to Personality Dyanne Kelley Psy 250 Dr. Leslie Brougham December 15, 2008 Psychoanalytic and Trait Approaches to Personality There are several different aspects of analyzing a person's personality. No two people will be the exact same. One theory, the psychoanalytic approach, states that the traits of a person's personality are directly related to his or her unconscious mind. On the other hand, the trait approach suggests that personality constant and reoccurring characteristics define personality. Each theory presents a host of valuable information when assessing someone's personality. One major theory of lifespan development that appeals to me is Freud's Personality Theory. Sigmund Freud's theory both describes the complex functioning of the adult personality and offers an explanation of the processes and progress of its development throughout childhood (Blewitt & Broderick, 2006). Through use of the id, ego, and superego, Freud explains three major functions of the human psyche: the pleasure principle, the reality principle, and a "bridge" to keep the two in check. ...read more.


During this stage (ages 0-18 months), Freud says that the mouth, lips, and tongue are primary areas that stimulate s****l desire. At this age, children have the need to put everything in their mouths (Burger, 2008). The development of an oral personality or fixation may be caused by trauma experienced during this oral stage (i.e., feeding problems). Adults with oral personalities are often dependent of others. Freud suggests that if the fixation or trauma occurs after the child has teeth, he or she may show excessive aggression as an adult (Burger, 2008). Some examples of oral fixations are as follows: smoking, gum chewing, and the constant need to have something in the mouth. The second stage of Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development is the a**l stage. The a**l stage (ages 18 months - three years) is the time when most children are potty trained. During this stage the a**l region becomes the most erogenous area. Freud believed that an upsetting toilet training experience could lead to an a**l personality (Burger, 2008). ...read more.


I am always energetic and optimistic. Between the psychoanalytic and trait theories, I would have to say that the trait theory is the one that best describes me. In almost every situation I am the same. I like everything to run smoothly, but if something were to arise I am always willing to come to some type of compromise to get things accomplished. I always approach a situation in an optimistic manner. I can never hold a grudge and will always listen and take into consideration the other side of the story. All of the personality theories, to a certain extent, have some truth to them and they have provided a more complete picture of human development, whether one agrees with each individual theory, or not. Sigmund Freud, the father of psychology, has greatly influenced the way we look at psychology today. His theory of personality provides the cornerstone for many other theories to follow, either in agreement or rejection of his. Further, he gave the impression of the individual being primarily driven by s****l needs and desires, and nothing else; he reduced and made the individual simple and not complexly structured. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays

  1. 'Personality assessment has been used for some time now in personnel selection.' Critically discuss ...

    Because of the limited response questions it promotes its own downfalls. The test runs on an honesty basis, which cannot guarantee true answers. In 1920 Woodworth created a data sheet which required prospect military personnel to tick yes or no answers on specific questions.17 One question that was used, asked

  2. Compare and contrast qualitative and quantitative approaches to research

    This method of group allocation is not random. When interviewing patients regards to their fall history they may have not remembered that they had fallen this could have altered their group allocation. When using quantitative studies the researchers themselves are less likely to cause a bias towards the research as they are not intervening in any way they

  1. This study will only look at two (of many) facial characteristics being symmetry and ...

    It is also worth pointing out that no significant interaction was found between facial symmetry and s****l dimorphism. These results support the literature that femininity and facial symmetry influences perception of social competence regardless of each other. Fink et al, (2005)

  2. Free essay

    Research examining personality, gender and culture has shown that links between these concepts are ...

    shy, kind, phlegmatic, trustworthy, anxious). And then listed four thousand of words as possible personality traits .The later traits theorist Raymond Cattell took Allport's study and condensed the thousands of traits down to 16 key traits that were considered as the biological basis for all humans by using the statistical

  1. The Neural Workings Behind Altruistic Behavior: Is it Human Nature or a Function of ...

    Preliminary Results In the 2002 study, "A neural basis for social cooperation", conducted by Rilling et all, subjects were monitored under an fMRI while they were playing the "prisoners' dilemma game". In this game, two players must simultaneously choose between actions of cooperation or actions of defection.

  2. Both biological and humanistic factors have influences on ones personality development. One major ...

    I agree that people are born with certain temperaments and that over time they are influence by the environment they live in and develop into personality. On the humanistic side of the spectrum, I concur with the four key elements of the humanistic personality theory.

  1. Free essay

    ingroups and outgroups (Social Identity theory)

    as discussed in the introduction. The results when combined with the results of that of Hornsey's experiment are successful in providing evidence for the theory of inter group sensitivity effect and suggests that groups do receive criticism in different ways dependant upon whether the critic is a member of the in-group or an out-group.

  2. Theories of Personality. Hans Eysenck: The Factor Theory

    Hans?s theory is based primarily on physiology and genetics. Although he is a behaviorist who considers learned habits of great importance, he believed personality differences to be of generic inheritance, therefore making him in what is usually called temperament. Eysenck hypothesized that some people have a more responsive sympathetic nervous system than others.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work