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University Degree: Human Resource Management

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  1. Appraisal and performance management

    Appraisal is also known as 'Appraisals- Performance Reviews'. The person who is appraising is called the 'appraiser' and the person being appraised is the 'appraisee' as defined by Lewis, R. andivitt, (2000) Adcock, F. & Birth, I. Trivitt, (1988) has stated the benefits of performance appraisal as being: * It helps to identify training needs. * It may reveal other problems for example, there may be workplace difficulties with other staff (e.g. It might be caused by sexual or racial harassment). * It may untap useful new skills.

    • Word count: 1121
  2. Pay and Reward

    My research carried out to find out what 'Performance Related Pay is?' Performance Related Pay is a method of payment where an individual employee receives increases in pay based wholly or partly on the regular and systematic assessment of job performance. It is argued that PRP, in the right context, can be of potential benefit to both employers and employees. It can, for example, help employers improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their workforce by emphasising the need for high standards of job performance. It can also offer the flexibility to help motivate and retain valuable employees by targeting higher pay and reward at better performers.

    • Word count: 1279
  3. X theory and Y Theory

    (MOM, 2009a, b). [TYC2]Base on the data, the resignation or turnover rate does not have negative impact on the country economy. Structural unemployment happens when there are more workers than positions available. This is a mismatch in the skills of the workers and the requirements for the job. In this case, there are either not enough workers equipped with the skills to perform the task, or there are not enough positions to meet the large number of people who qualify for the job.

    • Word count: 1551
  4. Disney Assignment-The cultural differences between USA, France and Japan

    In terms of UAI ranking, Japan rates the highest and is a society that appreciates a structured environment with strict rules and guidelines whereas US has the lowest UAI among the three countries and as a nation it has a greater lever of tolerance for a variety of ideas and beliefs than France and Japan, respectively. With regard to Trompenaars' dimensions France and Japan are both particularistic and communitarian countries, whereas USA is more universalistic and individualistic. However USA and France have other attributes such as being emotional, specific and achievement-oriented when Japan is neutral and focuses on diffusion and ascription.

    • Word count: 1166
  5. In order for an organization to succeed, it must be sure that human resources are equipped with a plan that is well organized for recruiting and retaining valuable employees. Planning and organizing is a necessity to be certain the right kinds of employee

    One advantage that can set an organization ahead is the resources that it possesses in its employees. Recruiting and retaining the most valuable and skilled employees is a function that must be well planned and organized by human resources. Human resources must have a well-organized plan for recruiting employees. There are activities that are involved in the staffing function of human resources. These activities must be organized and they consist of recruitment and selection. Recruitment can be done through internal resources by promoting from within or external resources such as advertisements, referrals, or internet job postings.

    • Word count: 1193
  6. Why people come together?

    an animal only with a group of hunters and in collective people are better trained); * An organizer creates them for performance of any work (it can be production teams, various committees and boards), but the purpose facing the team, sometimes cannot even be recognized; (Naumov, 2003, view) Thus, the accessory to a team helps the person: * To satisfy the social needs; * To generate itself as the person (As Maslow said: "people value a positive response from others, which helps to build and maintain their self-esteem" (Boddy, 2008, p.560); * To receive the help and support an achievement

    • Word count: 1834
  7. Employees privacy. This essay will discuss five types of monitoring which are commonly used by the employers to monitor their employees in workplace and thus to see whether employees should be prepared to forfeit their right to privacy under these monito

    In this case, the searching did by the employers is reasonable. On the other hand, employers would usually notice their employees with a legitimate reason before they do the searching. For example, if some important assets of the company are being stolen, employer would then notice their employees that they would have to check their personal belongings. However, if the searching did by the employers are without any legitimate reasons, the employees might have to claim that the employer is violating their privacy.

    • Word count: 1479
  8. Team work and leadership

    Team work can only be done when there is collective effort from each individual in the team. The team is said to be strong by the strengths of each individual and the strength of each individual is the team itself. I have managed to bring about a change in myself in terms of being a team leader, leadership style, understanding the roles of a team worker and the essence of communication. The very quintessence of team work is co-operation and understanding between the team members.

    • Word count: 1298
  9. Book review of 'Blink' written by Malcolm Gladwell

    This book also convinces you that our snap judgements and first impressions can be educated and controlled therefore the first impression is not a gift given magically to a fortunate few. Gladwell calls the snap judgements and the power of knowing in the first two seconds a 'blink.' Main content of the book Thin-slicing - To experience 'blink' we must learn how to thin-slicing webs of information we have in our head. Thin slicing is our unconsciousness' ability that finding ways to solving problems or anticipating patterns of incidents from a thin piece of experience.

    • Word count: 1102
  10. Drawing upon your knowledge of process theories of work motivation, critically explore their contribution to improving performance and job satisfaction; examine the implication for job design and management with contemporary society.

    It is significant to clarify the relationship. Thus, in this essay, we will focus on the four topic process theories of work motivation to critically explore their contribution to improving performance and job satisfaction. In addition, we will examine the implication for job design and management with contemporary society. Main body The contribution of Expectancy theory to job performance and satisfaction The expectancy theory could predict job performance and satisfaction. According to Mullins (2007:pg265), " The underlying basis of expectancy theory is that people are influenced by the expected results of their action."

    • Word count: 1834
  11. From your understanding of motivation, working groups and leadership, explain why motivating a group may be different from motivating an individual.

    Motivation is present every life function. For example: hard-working during work is motivated by the high salary. Therefore, In Herzberg's motivation- hygiene theory, he stated that if people get a higher status and responsibility in the work, they will be motivated by there factors. Many studies have observed that groups and individuals motivation has a better result with a better work's salary. Leadership is the most important thing in a group. It's because if a group is without a leadership, the members of the group cannot work normally as they can't solve the problem or achieve the goal effectively.

    • Word count: 1904
  12. HRM

    • Word count: 1600
  13. My Learning Experience. The Kolb Model was originally formulated by David A Kolb, the Kolb Model premises that real learning occurs where theory and experience intersect.

    The timing of the learning cycle is as equally as important as the stages are in the learning cycle. In general, the learning cycle should be applied during initial framing of a problem or a task to see whether past experience may offer an approach for improvement. In logic, this allows for even small and incremental improvements each time a task is performed or a problem is solved. The following page will focus on my personal experiences as a member of the Organisational Behaviour and Change during first six week of semester based on the four learning stages. Stage 1 - Concrete Experience For my first six week, my first four week during tutorial session is the most intense.

    • Word count: 1775
  14. A well thought out orientation program is essential for all new employees, whether they have experience or not. Explain why you agree or disagree with this statement.

    Orientation program help new employees understand the organizational structure and operations. By providing immediate access to operationally necessary information, orientation program accelerates the new employee's ability to deal with early confusing issues and becoming comfortable in the new work place. Questions about "normal protocol" in the organization, getting around the complex, finding the right people to go to for information, correct procedures, and learning what is "right" and "wrong" can easily be answered in the orientation program. As a result, managers and supervisors should find that their interaction with new employees is less about low level, operational issues, and more about adding value to the organization.

    • Word count: 1981

    Strategic management process, therefore, is the full set of commitments, decisions and actions to implement the strategies. In the case of TimeOut Travel, Halteh, the owner of the company with 17 years of travel-industry experiences, has successfully implemented differentiation business strategies to create competitive advantages and make profits. To improve business performance of TimeOut Travel, these business strategies will be analysed in details in the section of Business Level Strategies and alternative strategies will be proposed in the section of Future Growth. Firm Environment As described in the case of TimeOut Travel, the external environment to the SMEs in the travel industry has been more complex and challenging than ever before.

    • Word count: 1213
  16. Delegation is a tool that managers can use for a variety of reasons and tasks. When a manager handles the responsibility of delegation properly the result will have a positive ripple throughout the office, the department or the entire company.

    10 steps to successful delegating are listed by Sanderson, tips from Pace Productivity. The steps are: delegate the objective not the procedure; ask for progress reports; delegate to the right person; spread delegation around; obtain feedback; delegate authority along with responsibility; trust people; be prepared for short term errors but long term results; give instructions and ask if there is anything needed to get started; and give praise with feedback. As an example, at Factory Expo Homes the general manager and sales personnel would make a sale and the general manager would oversee the processing of the orders and tracking the sale through manufacturing and delivery.

    • Word count: 1244
  17. The article that I am going to focus on is titled Diversity: The Performance Factor, and was written by Michael Wheeler. Wheeler explains that implementing a diversity policy is difficult but necessary in todays global economy. He stresses the importan

    I just have a lot of things on my plate and diversity didn't rank high on my totem pole. A few thumps broke the deafening silence as some of the student's jaws hit their desks, and then came the responses. They stressed that discrimination was wrong lawfully, ethically, and morally. Was I discriminating by not allowing room into my life for diversity? Am I prejudiced? I just have so many other things to focus on. In my research I found many articles that assured me that diversity should play a significant role in my surroundings and life. It will not only benefit me now but also well into my management future.

    • Word count: 1107
  18. Ford Swot

    However, further recession in North America and Europe would harm Ford's business by adversely affecting its revenues, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition. Strengths Strong engineering capability The company engages in engineering, research and development primarily to improve the performance (including fuel efficiency), safety, customer satisfaction, and to develop new products. The company operates over 50 engineering, research and development centers worldwide. Ford maintains extensive engineering, research and design centers in Dearborn, Michigan; Dunton, Gaydon and Whitley, England; Gothenburg, Sweden; and Aachen and Merkenich, Germany.

    • Word count: 1469
  19. Google Inc

    That's what Michael Armstrong illustrates; the job evaluation is a "systematic process of assessing and determining the value of jobs performed within the organization in relation with the employee's efforts". The kind of job process evaluation that Google could choose to follow up for the prosperity of the business and the working environment, has been displayed in the table below: Name of the Process What is all about? Advantages Disadvantages Job posts ranging - A pr�cis process based on ranking job posts from the hardest to the easiest ones. -Simple to be used -Easily to be understand by the workers.

    • Word count: 1168
  20. Effects of Objectionable Content on Behavior

    Nevertheless, no certain evidence has been found to prove that aggressive media encourage violent people; considerably commentary and research signifies that violent people look for violent media because it justifies with what they are thinking anyway. Mathers who is most well-known for Columbine shootings amongst among those who are publicly indicated, smack back at a public that claimed music by enchanting parents to task through his contentious lyrics for violence in teenagers. Mathers provided lyrics in which he scornfully supposed accountability for the violence by stating that: "I take each person deteriorates head and access into it/Just to observe if he's affected by Listening my music" (Mathers, 2000).

    • Word count: 1421
  21. The employment relationship. Within this essay the Psychological contract will be looked at closely to discuss why an understanding of this particular contract is important when managing people at work.

    Although the contract of employment is not itself the actual contract, once agreed it takes the contribution of both parties to change any aspects of it, this could be seen as an obstacle for the employer as economic situations change. However it is stated within the lecture notes that; "Increasingly contracts include clauses which allow employer to make adjustments to terms and conditions without the need to seek agreement from the employees or the representatives." It is stated on blackboard learning suite that Torrington, Hall and Taylor set out the rights and obligations that come with the contract of employment.

    • Word count: 1199
  22. Free essay

    Analysis of case study "Why Economics has been a fruitful for strategy" by Fiona Scott Morton

    Given this assumption, it is better to understand why certain strategies may or may not work for an organisation, so as to develop a better strategy for the future under specific circumstances. Oppositely, Morton shows that the normative side attempts to recommend basic approaches to strategy for organisations in a complex environment. Morton likens the normative side to a "cookie-cutter approach", which relies on the assumption that organisations are similar and to achieve a particular goal, a specific strategy must me followed.

    • Word count: 1403
  23. The role of HR in the modern organizations

    Human resource management has been distinguished in two kinds of forms: soft and hard (Storey, 1987). It is necessary to analyze and elaborate the distinction between soft and hard. Hard HRM stresses the "resource" aspect of HRM; Legge (1995a) refers to this as "Utilitarian Instrumentalism". This hard model takes HRM's focus on the central attention of the close integration of HR policies, systems, business strategies, and sees humans as a resource to be 'provided and deployed' as necessary to achieve organisational objectives.

    • Word count: 1390
  24. Human Resources and the Resource Based View of the Firm

    However the likes of Lado and Wilson point out HR systems can be "unique casually ambiguous and synergistic...and thus could be inimitable." (Wright et al, 2001) Also whether resources can be considered a sustained competitive advantage and increase a firm's performance, human resources must be inimitable. Wright et al argued for the inimitability of individual practices, whereas Lado and Wilson noted that, with all its "complementarities and interdependencies among the set of practices would be impossible to imitate." (Wright et al, 2001)

    • Word count: 1656
  25. Personality. In my opinion, because personality can be understood from behaviour, managers in the majority of organisations feel that there is a necessity to understand their employees individual characteristics.

    "There is a predictable interaction between personality and a tendency to behave in certain ways" (Middleton 2002). In an article published recently, regarding how employers and managers should pick the right people during interviews, it points out that it is important to, "Get to know them, and take time to mull over the final decision, paying attention to the applicant's personality rather than qualifications or experience. Find out how well they get along with others and how enthusiastic they are. And be sure the job suits them" (Fairweather 2007). When recruiting new employees, Miss Theresa Tan, Lee Hwa Jewellery's senior human resource manager states what she looks out for in applicants is, "A pleasant disposition, positive mindset, someone who is a goal-setter with energy and perseverance, and who is willing to work long hours" (Hahn 2007).

    • Word count: 1420

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