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University Degree: 1920-1949

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  1. Evaluate the impact of propaganda in the n**i regime.

    This myth being that the pure German was the superior race through nobility of blood. (Snyder 1995 p277) To evaluate the impact of propaganda within the n**i regime, this essay will focus on the importance, or the worth of the impact to which the propaganda had through these myths. It will focus firstly on the 'Hitler myth', and how Hitler's image made an impact on the German population with the use of propaganda. It will look at the radio, the impact broadcasted propaganda had when portraying this myth.

    • Word count: 2220
  2. History of the Holocaust.

    These actions unfortunately, for whatever reason, were not felt until 6 million Jews had perished. In The Myth of Rescue, William Rubinstein suggests "All of the many studies which criticize the Allies for having failed to rescue Jews during the Holocaust are inaccurate and misleading" (X). He maintains, "No plans for rescue action were actually capable of saving any significant number of Jews who perished" (216) and that the responsibility of the Holocaust "lies solely and wholly with Adolf Hitler, the SS and their accomplices" (216) thus removing any liability or guilt from the Allied nations.

    • Word count: 1556
  3. To What Extent and Why Did Britain Seek To Soften The Impact of The Treaty of Versailles in its Relations With Germany During the 1920's?

    The settlement had the unfortunate effect of dividing Europe into the states that wanted to revise it (mainly Germany) and those that wanted to preserve it, and on the whole, even Britain turned out not to fully support it. The USA failed to ratify the settlement, to the disgust of Woodrow Wilson, and never joined the League of Nations. This in turn left France completely disenchanted because the Anglo- American guarantee of her frontiers could not now apply. Italy felt cheated because she had not received the full territory promised to her in 1915, and Russia was practically ignored.

    • Word count: 1611
  4. Assess Hitler's skill as a diplomat.

    In order to make herself a major power again, Germany would need to find strong European allies. Hitler sought to capitalise on the diplomatic successes that Stresemann had achieved during the 1920s to reach alliances with Italy and Britain, whom he had described in Mein Kampf as Germany's "natural allies in Europe". The first attempt for an alliance with Britain was made in November 1933, when Hitler sent his "representative for disarmament questions ", Joachim Von Ribbentrop, to London for talks, where Von Ribbentrop suggested an agreement between Germany and Britain in which Germany would guarantee the British Empire in return for a free hand in Eastern Europe.

    • Word count: 2330
  5. Could the Allies haves saved the victims of the Holocaust?

    1939 Hitler proclaimed that in the event of a war: "The result will not be the Bolshevisation of the earth and thus the victory of the Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe."2 In November of the same year, an article in the Times describes in detail a n**i plan to deport Jews from occupied Europe into a 'concentration area' inside Poland. This hauntingly accurate piece of journalism claims that such an endeavour would amount to " a mass massacre such as n**i imagination can conceive but not even n**i practice can carry out in full."3 Perhaps

    • Word count: 2953
  6. The List of a Lifetime - Oscar Schindler.

    Oscar Schindler was born on April 28th, 1908, in Zwittau Czechoslovakia. After the bankruptcy of a close friend's family business, Schindler found himself jobless. Now without employment, Schindler joined the n**i party, as did many others at that time. Oscar Schindler quickly got on good terms with the local Gestapo chiefs and was recruited by the German Intelligence Agency to collect information about Poles and was highly esteemed for his efforts. He left his wife Emilie in Zwittau and moved to Crakow, where he took over a Jewish family`s apartment.

    • Word count: 2073
  7. Why and when was Germany divided? 1945

    Bulmer says, "plans for the occupation of Germany were outlined by the British in 1943". Also in 1943 the Moscow Conference of foreign ministers took place in October in which as McCauley explains also debated some "key issues involving the fate of Germany". Bulmer goes on to explain that it was from 1943 onwards that the allies generally agreed that Germany must cede territory. The restoration of Austrian independence and of pre-1938 Czechoslovakia was "undisputed" and Bulmer also says that in the same year it was agreed that some German territory must be given to Poland.

    • Word count: 2017
  8. To What extent were Germany's problems in the years of crisis 1919-23 caused by external forces?

    It meant the reduction of raw materials & man power. The French claimed the coal rich mines at Saar as repayment for the German destruction of theirs. Iron ore production was also effected. Altogether half of Germanys iron ore, a quarter of her coal mines plus much of the remainder of her coal production (which was mortgaged to the Allies) & 15 % of her arable land were included within this territorial loss. 2 There was also a social impact to these losses. National pride, which was already low due to the war defeat, was also effected by the reassignment of Germanys colonial interests.

    • Word count: 1182
  9. World War 2 Sources Question

    I think that this is trying to tell us that the British shelled and bombed away at the beach fortifications to help clear the land of under-ground mines and debris. Then the British scampered forward and hid behind the 'Atlantic wall', where the Germans could not shoot at them. The British should have really conquered the attack on 'sword' due to the immense power of all their troops, this was to be the story and they did so. Also the information from source C, I think may back-up the overall tactics used to clear up the beaches of debris once again, bodies and mines.

    • Word count: 2212
  10. How did the status and position of Jews in Russia, France and Germany change from 1880-1920?

    In 1891 thousands of Jewish workers were evicted from Moscow and the western frontiers. With the 20th century came a new Tsar, with a deepseated fear of Jews, bringing with him the worst pogroms, 607 in one week. In 1905, the Tsar's secret police published the "protocols", implying imminent Jewish world domination. The police were given stronger powers to use against Jews. Violence increased with time. 100,000 Jews emigrated every year; the rest were forced into ghettos in the interior. Many went to the USA, Germany and France.

    • Word count: 602
  11. 15th - 18th September 1914 - The First Battle of the Aisne.

    From the Aisne the Germans were deployed eastwards as follows; the First Army (von Kluck), the Seventh (von Heeringen) and the second (von B�low). The long-standing gap between the First and Second Armies had been filled by an improvised Seventh Army just in time to meet a major attack, The Allies who had not perhaps pursued the enemy from the Marne with sufficient vigour, sought to envelop the German right wing in a frontal assault by their left wing - made up of the French Sixth Army (Maunoury), the British Expeditionary Force (French) and the French Fifth Army (Franchet d'Esp�rey).

    • Word count: 422
  12. In Poland in 1939 and in Western Europe in 1940 the German Army defeated its enemies quickly. Was this only because of the Blitzkrieg tactics used?

    The concept of Blitzkrieg was actually quite simple but understood by few at the time. For an effective resistance against Blitzkrieg the allies would only have had to attack one of the elements for the rest of Blitzkrieg to become severely weakened as all parts of Blitzkrieg were closely linked and relied on each other. For example if Britain and France had stopped Germany going against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles by producing weapons and increasing the size of its army then the speed and element of surprise in Blitzkrieg would have been lost.

    • Word count: 2352
  13. Dark Defenseless Stronghold

    The sand acted as a shock absorber, which was highly resistance to artillery explosive shells. Even the 420-mm "Big Bertha" could not cause a slight damage to it. In addition, as with anywhere in the battlefield in WW I, layers and layers of barbed wired slowed down enemies' advancement. With shells dropping from the sky, soldiers had to make their way through the barbed wired, down the moat and finally up the thick wall of the fort. However, it was not any easier once the attacker get through all these obstacle. Machine gun and turret were positioned to maximize their defense.

    • Word count: 978
  14. There are No Sufficient Ways to Honour the Memory of Those who died in the Holocaust

    He also wrote books but his forte was paintings. His aim was to show people visually and in a lot of detail what he experienced and saw. The paintings show what cruelty was inflicted upon him. Some of his well-known paintings are "Arrival of a Convoy" and "Priest and a Rabbi". Of the paintings that I saw by him I found them very moving. There have been sculptures made by Elsa Pollak. I saw some of these in the peace gardens at Beth Shalom. She is also I survivor from Auschwitz.

    • Word count: 1707
  15. Responses to Persecution.

    This was advanced by such people as Herbert Spencer, in the 1900's, who believed the inferior beings among us ought to be eliminated in some way, e.g. by eugenics. Hitler applied this kind of 'policy' to advance the Arian race by eliminating all inferior beings e.g. Jews. This was a part of his wartime policy; the 'Third Reich'. He did this by stirring up hatred against the Jews and having them rounded up and sent to labour camps or concentration camps.

    • Word count: 728
  16. The D-Day Landings, 6th June 1944 Sources Questions

    GCSE History Coursework Assignment Two The D-Day Landings, 6th June 1944 Question 2 Study Sources B, C, E and F How do sources C, E and F help you to understand Churchill's description of the operation (Source B)? Churchill describes the D-Day landings in several different ways. Firstly he describes it as "vast". This can be quite a loose description but from studying Sources C and E we are able to understand this description better. Source C shows Churchill studying maps of different places in Europe, France, Norway and some others.

    • Word count: 4263
  17. The Creation of Two Germanies: The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR).

    As an Allied Declaration of 5 June 1945 reiterated, the four powers assumed supreme government authority in Germany, though without intending to annex German territory. The supreme military commanders of the four Allied contingents were to administer their respective zones in accordance with the instructions received from their governments. They were to deal jointly with all matters relating to the country as a whole. It was for this purpose that an Inter-Allied Control Council was set up, supported by an administrative infrastructure, to look after military matters, transport, finance, economic affairs, reparations, justice, prisoners of war, communications, law and order, as well as political affairs.

    • Word count: 4727
  18. "Nothing can be more misleading than to apply such a concept to the discussion between Germans and Jews during the last 200 years." - Gershom Scholem. Discuss this in relation to the texts and issues that you have studied.

    This is portrayed very powerful in the essay quote. Scholem discusses in great depth the "German-Jewish symbiosis" and strongly concluded it was then, less a social reality in the living-together of Jews and Non-Jews than it was a cultural phenomenon within the Jewish group itself. It must also be emphasised that right from the beginning that he portrays his views very strongly and does not accept that there may have been individual German-Jewish friendships. As a result of this, his ideas have become questionable and debatable. As a result of emancipation, the occupational limitations on Jews were eliminated but the change in Jewish vocational patterns ran an entirely different course than the one that the emancipators had pictured.

    • Word count: 2886
  19. Charles de Gaulle and how he gained France's support and the opportunities he seized to get power which led to the Liberation.

    On May 10th 1940 the Germans attacked France. The French High command had been certain that the Germans would attack along the French - German border and they were prepared with their underground forts known as the Maignot Line. Unfortunately the Germans continued their attack on the 12th May at Sedan where the Line ended, it proved to be a expensive and useless plan. De Gaulle's tanks blocked the German advance for a few days but the allies couldn't hold.

    • Word count: 2077
  20. Progress made in education in China from 1900-1997

    Before the banishment, the Imperial Civil service examinations which only promoted Confucianism centred the education in China. Additionally, affluent students had a large advantage over poorer compatriots because they were able to afford private tutors, while the poor struggled with basic needs. However, the focus on Confucianism resulted in the lack of practical knowledge restrained development in the field of science and technology. From then, there was an introduction of a modern system ?At the end of the Qing Dynasty, most of the education was provided by missionaries. They set up numerous university, medical schools, and schools for youngsters.? (Wu, 2017).

    • Word count: 1174
  21. Analyze the factors that gradually influenced the emergence of the Two Nation theory in pre independence India which led to the birth of Pakistan as a sovereign state. Has this theory been vindicated in the past seventy years?

    More than six and a half decades since its establishment, Pakistan has yet to reconcile its self-proclaimed Islamic identity with the imperatives of a modern nation-state.?(Preville & Poucher, 3) This then begs the question, is the two nation theory even valid today or does it provide the ideological backing that led to emergence of Pakistan? This essay seeks to explore the background the factors that resulted in the formation of a sovereign Pakistan, the historical context and attempts to analyze its validity in light of past and recent events to form a conclusion.

    • Word count: 2802
  22. Can Franco be described as a truly fascist dictator?

    Franco also shared similar characteristics to other fascist dictators such as Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. Although simply sharing similar characteristics does not constitute a fascist dictator and Franco's regime lacked other key components such as expansionist foreign policy. Furthermore it will become clear that in the later years of Francoism, Spain gradually moved away from the more extreme fascist elements and policy. It is fair to say that Franco's regime changed from a semi fascist state to a Catholic conservative authoritarian state.

    • Word count: 2942
  23. Within the context 1814 1939, to what extent could the Wall Street Crash be considered the main economic cause of World War II between 1919 1939?

    the Dawes Plan in 1924 and the Young Plan in 1929, to pay off the reparations set out in the 1919 peace treaty, the Treaty of Versailles. An estimated loan of $200 million was floated to aid German recovery, which Shirer describes as ?The cornerstone of German prosperity had been from loans abroad, principally from America, and world trade.?[2] Both historians are successful in conveying the significant role America played within European economics succeeding World War I. However, Shirer overestimates the extent in which international trade sustained Germany?s economy after the Great War.

    • Word count: 4117
  24. An Analysis of Edward Saids Out of Place from a Postcolonial Perspective

    For several years there were the revolts of non-Jewish Palestinians against the upcoming Zionist acts. In 1947, after WWI and Holocaust, British Government declared its desire to terminate their mandate in Palestine. And United Nations decided to divide the territory as a Jewish one and an Arab state. Although not surprisingly Jewish side accepted this offer, Arabs totally rejected and a civil war broke out, finally leading to the foundation of State of Israel in 1948. Palestinians who fled or were driven out of their houses were unable to return now. In 1948 with the Arab Israeli war Israel captured further mandate territories, Jordon and Egypt also captured West Bank and Gaza.

    • Word count: 2412
  25. Were the Gypsies of Europe subject to a genocide in the years 1939-1945?

    and Russia denouncing the Armenian massacres, to name just a couple of examples. However, it was the n**i?s and more specifically the Jewish holocaust that provoked the convention. Genocide became a new word to denote an old practice (ibid). The convention allows for one state to intervene regarding the genocidal actions carried out by the power of another state. However, for one state to accuse another delegitimizes the power of the state (Fein 1990:12), and this is why interventions regarding genocide usually come too late.

    • Word count: 2399

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