• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact that enlargement will have on the size and economy of the European Union. How will regional and economic policies alter to accommodate the accession of new member states?

Extracts from this document...


Assess the impact that enlargement will have on the size and economy of the European Union. How will regional and economic policies alter to accommodate the accession of new member states? Enlargement is one of the most important opportunities for the European Union. "It is a unique historic task to further the integration of the continent by peaceful means, extending a zone of stability and prosperity to new members" (www.europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/intro/print-index_en.htm) Today the European Union has over 500 million inhabitants, 25 member states, a single market, a single monetary policy and a shared currency; the Euro. Citizens of the EU have the benefit of fundamental rights and social policies, freedom of movement and employment and share and respect for cultural and political diversity. The EU has shown solidarity among its less developed regions and shown co-operation in many different areas for each of its member countries. The historic enlargement of the European Union on the 1st of May 2004 enhanced the Union in many ways. This sense of an 'artificial division of Europe' will hopefully now come to an end and instead of dividing lines it is hopeful that the relationship between neighbouring countries will be improved. In reality the EU's membership has been very unstable; it went from being six countries to nine, to twelve, to fifteen to twenty five and the possibility of being twenty eight in the near future with Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey being the three new additions. ...read more.


Enlargement will boost co - operation between present member states in helping with issues such as crime, drug trafficking and people smuggling 6. The prospect of enlargement has already made a real difference to the political stability and international security in central and Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean 7. The new member states have made major improvements in air and water quality to meet EU standards. This will result in the reduction of cross border pollution 8. The EU as a whole body will now have a louder voice in the world with a population of 450 million. This should be of benefit in such things as international negotiations. 9. To be part of the EU the criteria demands stable institutions that guarantee human rights, democracy, rule of law and respect for and protection of minorities. This improves and maintains the standard of living for many citizens across Europe, as each country will alter their practices and legislation to the EU standards. 10. Enlargement prompted the Agenda 2000 package of internal policy reforms agreed at the Berlin European Council in 1999 and also the institutional reforms agreed at the Nice European Council in December 2000. It will continue like this and aim to improve the effectiveness and transparency of the EU. ...read more.


Solidarity and cohesion and the main two values that underlay regional policy in the EU - solidarity because the policy aims to benefit citizens and also regions that are economically and socially deprived compared to EU averages and cohesion because there are positive benefits for all in narrowing the gaps of income and wealth between the poorer countries and regions and those that are better off. "The Unions environment is changing fast, both internally and externally. It must set about adapting, developing and reforming itself. Enlargement represents a historic turning point for Europe, an opportunity which it must seize for the sake of its security, its economy, its culture and its status in the world" Jacques Santer, President of the commission, Strasbourg, 16th July 1997 (Avery & Cameron 2001 p 175) In conclusion, I feel that enlargement, overall, will have a major impact on both the size and economy of the European Union. Although the EU will become a larger trading block, of approximately 500 million people, the relatively underdeveloped nature of the new member states' economies will mean that the impact on trade will be felt in the medium and long term rather than short term. The alteration of both the economic and regional policies in order to accommodate the accession of the new member countries will bring about a sense of cohesion and co - operation into the union as well as a sense of belonging. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree International Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree International Politics essays

  1. Lobbying in the European Union

    With the cooperation procedure, introduced in the SEA, the Council becomes more influenced. If the EP has different opinions to what the Council proposes in a specific legislation, further discussion and modifications can be undertaken. Today this procedure will only be applied in limited areas of economic and monetary unions.

  2. Is free trade beneficial or detrimental for developing states?

    sector alone, hypothetically low prices in the face of high competition could lead to many people being worse off, as all firms will theoretically be making minimal profit, thus wages will be at a minimum meaning that although goods and services become cheaper consumers have less income than they would have done previously.

  1. How has the success of the Extreme Right in France come about and what ...

    This not only implies that France should operate a closed border policy, but also represents an anti-assimilation doctrine, and a non-integrationist stance (Rydgren 2004 p177). The FN state that immigration from Muslim countries is the most dangerous, due to the fact that Muslims are so culturally different, and thus makes it impossible to assimilate them into France (Rydgren 2004 p177).

  2. The impact of past and present enlargement on the institutions and decision-making structures of ...

    the 1993 Maastricht Treaty and, to a much lesser extent, the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam expanded the scope of quali?ed majority voting (QMV) in order to improve legislative efficiency (Garrett, 1992; Moravcsik, 1998: 317; Tsebelis and Kreppel, 1998: 65). The entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1

  1. EU Enlargement and Turkey

    These are: 1. To improve public knowledge and understanding of the European Union. 2. To explain the implications of accession for each country. 3. To explain the link between the pace of preparations for membership and the progress of the negotiations. This should encourage the acceleration of the transposition of EU laws and the creation of the necessary administrative structures.

  2. In what ways does Colonialism still have an impact today?

    Even positive stereotypes can be detrimental. For example, African Americans, Kenyans, and indeed all third world persons perceived to be good at sports may be seen only in ways which fit that stereotype, and their intellectual capacity be seen as an afterthought.

  1. North American Currency Union for Canada

    Moreover, the political aspect of any free trade agreement consists of "fairness" amongst participating member countries. Accordingly, unfairness would ultimately constitute exchange rate volatility that puts one party of the free trade agreement at a disadvantage. Although fluctuations are often expected in a floating currency regime, the long term trend

  2. The Functions of the European Commission and How Well it Carries Them Out

    responsibility to propose and draft EU law, the request to initiate said legislation can come not from member governments but from the council and parliament. However the commission does have the right to refuse, a right that it has been known to exercise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work