The Impact of Single Parenting Affecting Child Outcome

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The Impact of Single Parenting Affecting Child Outcome

SOSC 1800 Research Essay

Ammad Mustafa

York University


This paper outlines the times of turmoil and troubles faced by single parents, and how it translates toward the child. Past research suggests that children raised in single parent families as opposed to two parent families often experience developmental problems and barriers, because of their social institutions and constructs.  Children are left to fend for themselves many times academically and emotionally due to all the negative impacts that upholds single parenthood. The financial and various emotional problems single parents face, often translates later in life through their children. It is proven that single parent children, and children of two parent families, are not on a leveled plaid field. Children of single parents are at an economic disadvantage, as well as an academic disadvantage. The media needs to stop implementing negative and discriminative ideas towards single parents, and help implement positive ideas towards lone parent households. The government needs to provide more social assistance towards single parent households, to help them maintain their financial and emotional stability. Society as a whole needs to come together and help with a solution politically, and economically, so that ultimately single parent children can have a bright future.

A child’s outcome is often the cause of the type of family structure they live in. A traditional nuclear family is the modern day idea of children living in the household of both parents, (Albanese, 2009, Ch. 4) these children usually lead to more positive outcomes. Whereas, children living in single-parent households often lead to more negative outcomes due to many barriers they experience in their social institutions, and social constructs. Clearly, this is not always the case, but children of single parent households are at more of a disadvantage economically, emotionally, and often academically.

Children in single-parent households often experience social barriers due to their social institutions and social structures. Social institutions are structures and systems put in place that express a need in society, for example churches, schools, law, etc (Ramsaran, Lecture, 2012). Social structure is defined as: recurring patterns of behavior and interaction; these are constraining, pervasive, enduring, largely invisible, and yet, render social life predictable, orderly and familiar (Albanese, 2009).  Single parents are often working prolonged periods of hours due to lack of financial income which leads to an imbalance in financial and child obligations. Children in single-parent households are more likely than those living in nuclear families, to be involved in delinquent activities (Moore, 2012). The higher rate of delinquency in single-parent households is usually due to the parent working in one or more jobs, leading to the lack of supervision. With less supervision, adolescents have more opportunity to engage in delinquent behavior such as alcohol and drug consumption, violence, and even early sexual behavior is linked to single-parent upbringing (Sigle-Rushton and McLanahan, 2002). Research shows children living in father-less households are much more at risk for delinquency and youth incarceration, than those living in two-parent families (Moore, 2012). The quality of parenting is the best predictor of children’s cognitive and social well-being. Many single parents have a harder time functioning as effective parents. Single parents are usually less emotionally supportive, implement harsher discipline, experience more conflicts with their children, and less supervision, as opposed to children in two-parent households (Amato, 2005). Maternal deprivation occurs when children are separated from their mother’s for prolonged periods (Albanese, 2009, Ch. 4), single mothers may have to work one or more jobs to provide for their family, children may sometimes be left in the care of another which can lead to irreparable damage.

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Research shows that children in Nuclear families tend to have higher averages in schools than those living in single-parent households (Fagan, and Johnson 2008). This shows that nuclear families with higher socio-economic status have a higher chance of success than their counterparts. High and low socio-economic status is determined by a variety of variables, such as education, income, job, place of residence, and occupation (). Due to the lack of financial income in single-parent households children have less access to educational materials, and also the lack of parental guidance and help. This shows that children at the point of entry ...

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