• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

I intend to analyse how Iain Banks uses the techniques of characterisation and symbolism to highlight the themes of responsibility and relationships in his novel complicity.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

I intend to analyse how Iain Banks uses the techniques of characterisation and symbolism to highlight the themes of responsibility and relationships in his novel complicity. "All of those murdered were bad men...arms dealers, child porn merchants, irresponsible business men, but did that give the killer permission to end their lives?" (Elle Haddock) On reflection I too wonder if "that gave the killer permission to end their lives?" - the ruthless and sinister character Andy from Banks compelling novel 'Complicity'. The above extract from footle.net is basically the central dilemma of the book and provides the dramatic moment when the killer is finally confronted with what he has done. The novel itself broadly outlines the themes of loathing, politics, relationships and responsibility. I intend to analyse how Banks techniques of characterisation and symbolism help the reader to understand these themes in particular relationships. Set in Edinburgh, Scotland, Cameron Colley is a reporter for Caledonian newspaper, with his casual attitude to life. He is addicted to speed, cigarettes and computer games. As the story begins Cameron receives a series of anonymous phone calls, a mystery source, which he assumes could lead to the next big scoop. ...read more.

Middle

Although as Mr Archer is characterised to be ruthless and sinister, it is still picked up though careful word choice during Mr Archers thoughts that he cares, " I half admired her, half despised her" At this point we realise that Mr Archer has sympathy for the maid. He still has feeling. There is a certain irony in Andy's character. In one hand he is very strongly against Thatcherism. He appears to hate all people who have power, doctors, politicians, newspaper reporters, as he feels that they abuse their power. A variety of events have resulted in Andy feels this way, the main undoubtedly being Claire's death. During a flash back in the novel we realise that at one point in his life Andy was close to death too. "He had been under the ice, under the water for ten minutes or more." This was the event when Cameron realised " He was different, and had changed, even though I knew people changed all the time and people our age changed faster than most" This one even changed Cameron's perception of Andy. He realised that he had nearly ost him through something as spontaneous as running across a bed of frozen ice. ...read more.

Conclusion

The narrative `perspective in the novel also changes at this point. It changes to second person, I feel this is an irony on the readers part. As like Cameron seeing life in a computer screen, we, the reader are part of the life through a book. Although we contradict Colley's view we do not realise our selves that we are doing it. Also as again we feel part of the story, we should incorporate the themes into our own lives. Perhaps learn from Colley's mistakes. Banks justifies all of the assumptions made during the novel. We see the relevance of the flash backs, we see hidden messages in the events that dominate the book. We find out that Andy only murdered those whom he felt played a dominating role in his life, like the doctors who let Claire die, the child porn merchants, and those irresponsible businessmen. In many ways I sympathise with Andy but on the hand his abusive power only means he too is going against his own protest. He uses the power that he has in the wrong ways. So like Ms Elle Haddock I too am not quite certain of whether "this give the killer permission to end their lives!" Page 10 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level JB Priestley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level JB Priestley essays

  1. Susie's Afterlife Essay - The Lovely Bones How does Sebold use representations of ...

    There are fewer interrogatives in this episode than there are in Chapter 2 - Susie has come to terms with what has happened and understands the concept of heaven now.

  2. Analyse how Frayn presents relationships between adults and children in Spies

    Stephen in the company of adults presents himself as incommunicable, shy, sometimes saying a few words, but somehow making the adults seem to understand him. When Mrs. Hayward asks Stephen to take the basket to the man living in the Barns, he is very reluctant to do it at first

  1. Compare Junot Diaz's use of narrative techniques to present the alienation of the characters ...

    These sentiments are captured through the characters' constant struggle with their cultural identity as Dominican Americans. "Oscar Wao" is prefaced by a Derek Walcott poem in which he speaks of his mixed heritage which ends in the line "either I'm nobody or I'm a nation."

  2. In what ways does Barker present ideas about madness and sanity in Regeneration? How ...

    Yealland also says to Rivers that "'the last thing these patients need is a sympathetic audience'". He seems to believe that his patients are deliberately being awkward and that to sympathise with them would be to spoil them. A sympathetic audience is precisely what Rivers provides; he engages in long

  1. Literary Analysis - Symbolism in Charlie Fishs "Death by Scrabble"

    nine and how his throat swelled up and he died, which adds suspense at why he sidetracked game. Its different because all throughout the story he?s not thinking about anything other than how he?s wanting to kill his wife.

  2. How is John Hilliard's character developed, in the novel "Strange Meeting" by Susan Hill?

    Therefore, Barton?s face being hidden from Hilliard, denies Hilliard the ability to observe Barton?s thoughts and feelings, in other words, Hilliard is denied intimacy by Barton. Hilliard seeks intimacy with Barton, using an expressive understanding tone. When Barton speaks about the shame he feels because the war has hardened him,

  1. In her essay "Flight," Doris Lessing illustrates the story of an old man who ...

    In both stories, the treatment of the symbolic objects shows how both the grandfather and the mother wish to protect their loved ones from the evils of the outside world. They are also showing that they need to be controlled for their own safety, that in their opinions they are still too young to take this journey on their own.

  2. The relationship between Pelagia and Dr. Iannis is the key relationship it is very ...

    democracy works; this is furthered later in the novel by the introduction of Corelli, who despite being a captain in the Italian army is also against fascism and shares many of Iannis ideals. De Berniere's makes us subtly aware of Pelagia?s admiration of physical beauty before introducing Mandras, with her

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work