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Account for the worth of the Vienna Settlement.

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Introduction

Account for the worth of the Vienna Settlement. As a matter of fact, the Vienna Settlement was a watershed, which established a pattern that endured for a century. Later political development was shaped by the Settlement. The restoration of legitimate rulers in France, Spain and Naples predicted liberal agitations in later years. Arrangements for Belgium, Poland, Italy and the German states stirred up Nationalistic agitations in these areas. That the number of German states was reduced marked a step towards German unification. The strengthening of Prussia indicated the ultimate solution of the problem of the problem of German nationalism. Even Prussia's scattered possessions turned out to be an advantage for they prompted her to have more cooperation and contact with the other German states. ...read more.

Middle

Britain and Russia were both strengthened. Russia became a great power and more interested in European affairs. Britain's overseas possessions laid the foundation of the Modern British Empires. But, the Vienna Settlement had may many defects and merits. First of all, the Vienna Settlement ignored the force of liberalism. The statesmen who made the settlement were conservative aristocratic elements. They only used 18th century methods to solve 19th century problems. But the restored legitimate monarchs only used repressive measures to maintain power. The discontented people then used revolutions to struggle for freedom and rights. However, the Vienna Settlement was not completely defective. For example, the revolt in Poland was not caused by the Vienna Settlement, it was caused by the misrule of the Czar. ...read more.

Conclusion

France no longer threatened European peace. The measures to maintain Balance of Power were successful. The influence of the Bourbon was balanced by that of the Hapsburgs. Austria was balanced by Prussian in the German Confederation. France was preserved as a Great Power. Thus, no country could be a super-power. All in all, the cooperatives spirit and the settlement of the ambassadorial procedure established a system of international diplomacy that lasted throughout the 19th century and beyond. Thought the Congress System lapsed after 1825 the concert of Europe did exert a beneficial influence on European affairs at certain points until 1870. A blueprint had been found which was to be more fully developed after 1919. The idea of the concert of Europe was the precursor of the League of Nations and laid the germ of future international government. Username: b0011222 ...read more.

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