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How far was the Crimean War a turning point in the development of Modern Russia?

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Introduction

How far was the Crimean War a turning point in the development of Modern Russia? The Crimean war was a conflict that occurred between the Russian Empire, and an alliance that was made up of the French Empire, the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The occurrence of the Crimean War, which took place in 1854, can in some ways be seen as the trigger point of the changes, which began to take place in Russia after 1854. Most definitely the Crimean war itself had lead to Russia encountering a loss of almost 500,000 men, all due to the selfish acts of wanting to gain influence in the Balkans and the Turkish regions. In addition, the Crimean war is considered to be one of the first 'modern' wars. The Crimean war managed to bring about Social Change and Political Change in Russia. One of the main changes that took place was the Russian abolition of Serfdom, as the defeat in the Crimean War as well as the realisation, which was brought upon the Russian government. Many Historians will argue that the Crimean War managed to act as a trigger point for the radical changes which occurred, however many other argue against this that the changes which took place would have happened regardless because of Russia's radically changing society. ...read more.

Middle

thus adapt to it than Nicholas II had done, but furthermore the Crimean war was the major reason behind the changes made to the way in which the government was organised and ruled the country. The Zemstvos was a new system of local administration which helped to lead to further improvement in the Russian local services, as well as the reduction in the influence of the landlords which helped to make the peasants less tied to the outdates serfdom system. The introduction of the Zemstvos helped with increasing and improving the Government control and the Government involvement in how the countryside was further run. The basic unit behind the Zemstvos council was the district council. Those who were to be apart of the Zemstvos were chosen through elections and landowners, the townsmen and the peasants would vote for the representatives to be apart of the council. However the main role of the Zemstvos was associated in the more local matters of Russia, rather than the political matters of Russia. The introduction of the Zemstvos was still seen as a dramatic step that Russia were undertaking, in breaking down the autocratic system, and allowing people to have the freedom from the overpowering class system. ...read more.

Conclusion

It had to learn from the Victor countries; and what had given them their dynamic was liberal- capitalist civilisation, which had created the wealth, technology and ´┐Żlan that had proved unbeatable in the Crimea. The point was to borrow selectively rather than to imitate." This enables the importance that the Crimean War had, but also however further helps to emphasise the limitations as the vast amounts of change. This quotes states how Alexander II was committed to the autocratic principle, however after the Crimean War, he was committed to progressing with the change in order to help improve and strengthen Russia. As Russia had been defeated, the after affects of the Crimean War helped to reflect how other countries were doing well, and thus also reflecting the reasons as to why they had more success compared to Russia. Not only did the defeat in the Crimean War help to reveal the gaping weaknesses in the Army, "The state arsenals had less than half the munitions they were supposed to have". Overall the Crimean war can be seen as a significant reason as to why Russia soon, after 1854 came about with many reforms, which began to take progress. The Crimean war, not only helped to reveal Russia its weaknesses, but reflect what other countries were more modernised in, that helped them to gain victory, and the traditional ways that Russia still expected to have success. ...read more.

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