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Who had the greater influence on the training of women within medicine after 1850 - Nightingale, Garrett-Anderson or Seacole?

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Introduction

Who had the greater influence on the training of women within medicine after 1850 - Nightingale, Garrett-Anderson or Seacole? The Three women who had the greatest influence on the training of women within medicine after 1850 were Florence Nightingale, Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson and Mary Seacole. Nightingale and Seacole were nurses, whereas Garrett-Anderson was a doctor. Despite the fact that all three of them were involved in medicine and influenced it, they were all different. There maybe some similarities between the women, but there are also some significant differences. For example, Nightingale and Seacole both went to the Crimean War, however, Seacole and Garrett-Anderson were never invited, unlike Nightingale. Nightingale and Garrett-Anderson were both from middle-class families whereas Seacole was from poorer background. But do these factors make them more influential in Medicine? Florence Nightingale was the medical hero of the Crimean War. Nightingale was born into a middle-class family in 1820, a time that is also known as the Industrial Revolution. Her parents never expected her to get a job, let alone become a nurse, a very disrespected job. They expected her to stay at home, marry a rich man, and raise a family, which was the norm for middle-class women. ...read more.

Middle

Nightingale's influence on medicine was huge. Her impact was both immediate and long-term. Nightingale set up the Nightingale School of Nursing, which taught women to become good nurses then, and now, thanks to her, our nurses are much better trained and have been so for a many years. Nightingale was consulted by the designers of new hospitals on how to layout the new hospitals and these layouts are used in today's hospitals. These were Nightingale's main influences on medicine but she did many more things that were influential, including writing a report to the Government. There is another female who was very influential in medicine. Her name was Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson and her profession was, unlike Nightingale, a doctor. Garrett-Anderson, like Nightingale, came from a middle-class family and her parents didn't like the idea that she wanted to become a doctor. And also like Nightingale's family, they came around. Garrett-Anderson was trained to be a doctor privately by her father, as Universities wouldn't allow her to enter. She tried to enter Edinburgh and London Universities (two of the three universities that would give a MD) ...read more.

Conclusion

Unlike Nightingale, when she arrived, she went straight to the battlefields to be the first to help the wounded soldiers. She suffered the same sexual discrimination as Nightingale but also suffered further discrimination due to her race. However, this didn't stop her being liked by the soldiers. They called her 'Mother Seacole' and she was a favoured nurse amongst the soldiers. This showed her caring personality. Once she got back to Britain she received the Crimean Medal for her services in the Crimean War and she wrote her book "The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many Lands". All this shows the determination of this strong woman. One thing Seacole influenced was the respect black people got in our country. Before, they were just slaves, but after Seacole's visit to the Crimea, they were more respected people. Despite what Seacole and Garrett-Anderson did to influence the training of women after 1850, Nightingale did more to the training. She wrote books on how to nurse people, she opened nursing schools (for women) and she also designed the new hospitals, which might not influence the training of women directly, but it influenced medicine as we know today. Her influences were both long term and immediate and we still benefit from her influences. By Rebecca Sigrist 10T ...read more.

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