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Dolce et Decorum est

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Difference and Similarities in language between 'From War Music' and 'Dulce et Decorum est.' The first of the two poems I am studying is 'From War Music'. This was written by Christopher Logue in 1988. The poem was taken from a long narrative poem from Homer's epic poem 'The Iliad.' This poem describes an incident from the siege of troy, adapted into modern day English. At this moment the Trojans have the upper hand. They have driven the Greeks back to the beach, and threaten to burn their ships. The Greek warrior Ajax is physically massive but slow at thought, he is taunted in the poem by Prince Hector of Troy. In the poem, one of the many literary devices used is onomatopoeia. The words 'Tickered' and 'Slapped' are both onomatopoeia creating sound images. This is used in the poem to paint a picture in the readers mind. The onomatopoeia plays a large part in the poem as it helps bring out the themes. This is because one of the main themes of the poem is noise and, as there are many words, which create sound imagery. Also another one of the themes is movement and most of the words, which create the sound imagery are noises created from movement. An example of this is 'Ajax' helmet slapped his cheeks' this is onomatopoeia and the sound imagery is created from movement. ...read more.


This shows the ideas of religion and fate being very important in the poem. The conclusion of the poem use humour. It says 'and, sensibly enough, he fled. The ship was burned.' There is a humour used in this in a number of ways. Firstly informal expressions are used. And example of this is 'sensibly enough.' It also creates humour as its almost laughing at Ajax and his coward ness in defeat. Also it laughs at him because the sensibly enough is quite cynical in the sense that he had very little brain so may not have been sensible enough to flee. The second of the two poems is 'Dulce et Decorum Est.' This was written by Wilfred Owen in early 1918. It talks about the battlefield in the First World War. The poem had a subtitle 'To a Certain Poeters', it was also addressed to Miss Jessie Pope, whose patriotic verse was widely read at that time. This poem is fairly similar to the first in using onomatopoeia. This is because in both, onomatopoeia is used to create sound imagery. In this poem though, it is also used to and more predominantly used to create visual imagery. This is the words that are onomatopoeic are there to show that the soldiers are not physically fit and are slowly lifting one foot after the other. ...read more.


And layer of meaning is that the distant rest is death rather than the end of the war. The final layer could be that it refers to the point at which he stops having nightmares about the events and manages to forget about the war. During the poem, the mood changes substantially and there are a few reasons for this. The change in this poem comes nearer the start of the poem. The mood changes just after the first stanza where it says 'Gas! Gas! Quick boys! In complete contrast to the previous poem, this one goes from melancholy and a slow pace, to a very fast, frantic mood. The mood needs to change in this way at this time because this is when the soldiers become in danger and the panic begins, causing the up beat anxious mood. The conclusion of this poem is also very different to the other. The conclusion says 'children' and 'some desperate glory'. These emphasize their soldier's age and the naivety of the soldiers for believing the government propaganda about the war and having a lack of awareness. All of this is challenging the morals of the war. Also, most of the last lines are very short, this gives them impact on the reader. It says at the end the full title, 'Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori.' This means it is sweet and fitting to die for one's country, this is very ironic seeing as the poem talks about the low and ugly parts about the war and death. Luke Garner 11Zc English ...read more.

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