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University Degree: James Joyce

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    TulaneUniversity,2005. This study has been examined Joyce's(and Toni Morrison) reaction to the political pressures of his times with an emphasis on diversity and ethical understanding. Joyce's opinion about nationalism has been explained by giving special importance to his work, Ulysses . The dissertation has been questioned Joyce's anti-nationalism. Kelly's study will be greatly useful to the proposed study as it will hopefully enable the researcher to comprehend more dimensions of Joyce's themes, characters, and technique.

    • Word count: 401
  2. Opening Worlds (Stories from different cultures)

    But his plan backfires when he upsets local villagers and clashes with their ancient beliefs. The villager's are said to have started a tribal warfare after Michael Obi closed a an ancient path leading through the school, which is said to be the path of which the souls travel and after failing to let both modern and new methods combine. Michael and the local village priest discuss their methods in which Michael hits out at the priest saying '...the whole purpose of the school is to eradicate just such beliefs as that. Dead mean do not require footpaths' which leads into the Tribal warfare, proving the main point that old and new cannot live side by side.

    • Word count: 1030
  3. Bernard MacLaverty - More Than Just The Disease

    This portrays an image of an inhibiting environment much more typical of Victorian attitudes and standards. Importantly, the house does not belong to Michael's family but is used to represent an image of the family. The garden which is 'steep and terraced " is also described as being equally well tended to. The house-owner, Mrs Wan, stays in a caravan at the bottom of the garden when the house is rented out. This setting is described in stark contrast to the main home. It is untidy and unkempt. This lady lives in an apparently slovenly and unrestrictive environment which seems to present an image of open-mindedness.

    • Word count: 1421
  4. Paul's secret of secrets was his wooden horse, that which had no name

    It was well used and was about to break due too the immense pressure Paul put on it. The Derby was drawing closer, with only two weeks left; Paul still had not found the winning horses. However, he would not give up hope and he still rode the horse, sometimes frantically for an answer. The voices in the house were still getting louder as everyday piles of bills and CCJs dropped onto the rough mat underneath the letterbox. Mother picked these letters up and cried, "Oh I wish, I could seal the post box, cut the telephone wire, and disable the doorbell."

    • Word count: 815
  5. The Boat by Alistair MacLeod

    The link between the narrator's feelings of being "foolishly alone" and the absence of his father is underscored here. The narrator describes his frequent early morning awakenings where he faces "the terrible fear that I have overslept ... [and] that my father is waiting for me" in a manner that suggests an action that has become reflexive after years and years of constant early mornings to go fishing with his father and the other men: "There are times when I am half out of bed and fumbling for socks and mumbling for words before I realize that I am foolishly alone, that no one waits at the base of the stairs and no boat rides restlessly in the waters of the pier".

    • Word count: 962
  6. "Araby" by Joyce

    In the beginning the narrator is portrayed to be a young boy with outgoing, sporadic ideas and actions. The young boy in the beginning is someone who overvalues things. He appears to have various interests that last for a short time span, but puts full effort into every different interest that appeals to him at that certain time. He takes little events and turns them into situations which take over his life. "Every morning I lay on the floor in the front parlor watching her door. The blind was pulled down within an inch of the sash so that I could not be seen.

    • Word count: 1200
  7. The Dead By James Joyce

    Reading had been a favourite pleasure for Joyce since early years and even though his economic disadvantage, he still managed to attend the Jesuit schools Conglowes Wood College, Belvedere College and University College, Dublin. His greatest influences were Dante, Hauptmann, Yeats and Ibsen, to whom he in 1901 even sent a complimentary letter. In 1902, only 20 years old, Joyce escaped the "close- and narrow-mindness of Irish Catholism" and went to Paris, where he spent a year out of his life writing poetry while still living in severe poverty.

    • Word count: 2299
  8. The emotional emptiness in "Araby" by James Joyce, "The Chrysanthemums" by John Steinbeck which uses antagonism, mood and atmosphere in "The Fall of the House of Usher" by Edgar Allen Poe

    I was thankful that I could see so little." The death of the priest, dark-rainy evening, no sound in the house, are all imagery to describe an atmospheric state of internal emptiness of the boy. The last sentence, where the boy was thankful to see so little, shows that it would have made his emotions worse when he had seen more of the room. The boy's emotional circumstances do not only last in the beginning of the story, but it is an incessant sentiment until the end when he arrives at the almost-closed bazaar.

    • Word count: 1955
  9. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    in the playground at school where Stephen watches the game instead of playing (p.7)). - Stephen possesses many characteristics which are ironically contradictory to each other: he is lonely but afraid to love, a romantic in the sense that he's a daydreamer, yet he is also a realist at home; too shy to kiss a girl he is interested in yet he seeks out prostitutes; hesitant when it comes to defending himself to his classmates yet courageous enough to confront authority figures (i.e.

    • Word count: 654
  10. Dubliners offers a comprehensive picture of what Dublin was like over a century ago. In this work, Joyce presents an especially accurate depiction of women in relation to their employment,

    By accepting meager payments, they set themselves up for exploitation by their employers. Daly says that, "women's work was generally classified as unskilled or semi-skilled, even though many of the tasks which they carried out in linen mills or with the sewing machine required considerable expertise" (Daly, 195). At this time, more and more women began to work in factories, but Florence Walzl says the more prominent occupations for women were "(1) operators of businesses that make women's and children's clothes and of shops that sell them; (2)

    • Word count: 1390
  11. Paul’s Case written by Willa Cather

    Paul is seen by others as unusual and misfit and as much out of ordinary physically as mentally. Paul's confused personality confuses others around him also. People are not completely certain how to treat Paul and this is why he is outcast and mistreated. Although audience never reads about how Paul's peers treat him, it is obvious that he is afraid of his father who verbally abuses him and dislikes his teachers who cannot understand him. Teachers make Paul feel secondary to the other classmates, they don't bother with helping him to study and by doing so cease Paul's desire to learn.

    • Word count: 870
  12. To Be or Not to Be.

    Once one takes a closer look, they begin to question the reality of the situation Connie finds herself in. The beginning of the story describes a common Saturday for Connie and her friends. All of what occurred that night appeared normal. The following day, once her family had left the house for a barbeque, Connie goes outside and sits in the sun closing her eyes to relax. As soon as she reopens her eyes, Oates proceeds with the story, but with a new twist: ...and when she opened her eyes she hardly knew where she was, the backyard ran off into weeds and a fence line of trees and behind it the sky was perfectly blue and still.

    • Word count: 1296
  13. The character of Major Paul Petkoff in the play "Arms in the Man."

    Petkoff is involved in many humorous exploits throughout the play that better develop his character into the happy easygoing man you see at the end. In the beginning of Act II, we see Mr. Petkoff enjoying lunch with his wife. Being the traditional man, he disapproves of the electric bell his wife installed to call for Nicola. Failing to see the need, he just raises his voice and hollers to his man servant, much to the dismay of his wife.

    • Word count: 751
  14. While no major events take place in the opening chapter of Ulysses, it remains an important one because it introduces the elements that will play out as the novel continues.

    These are both characteristics that represent how he appears to others, and do not represent his inner character. This suggests that appearances matter most to Mulligan, he also has little self-awareness. Secondly, Mulligan describes himself this way after describing a fault of his. He refers to his name as "absurd" but then goes on to suggest that it also has positives. This denotes his ability not to dwell on negatives, but to move on to positives. While Mulligan seems to view his character as positive, the reader has a different view.

    • Word count: 3932
  15. Comparison Essay "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" & "Paul's Case".

    This is stated to the reader by Cather on page 548, "The firm of Denny & Carson announced that the boy's father had refunded the full amount of the theft," and on page 546 after Paul has taken the bank notes, "here he was, the thing done; and this time there would be no awakening, no (parental) figure at the top of the stairs." These quotes show the differences in the morals that Paul's father had instilled upon him and the evident lack of morals that Paul's father failed to instill in him.

    • Word count: 1952
  16. What do we learn about Paul D's character in the first two chapters of 'Beloved'.

    Toni Morrison uses several literary techniques, with particular reference to stream-of-consciousness narration. As a result of this, the narrative is not always logically or chronologically ordered, for a present moment may trigger unrelated thoughts or past memories such as the story of Sixo. From delaying full narrative explanations Morrison accomplishes several things. First, the delay builds suspense in the reader. More importantly, the technique plunges the reader into a world where everything in not known, where explanations do not come easily, and where the significance of present realities lies in a past that has been long since buried.

    • Word count: 1244
  17. Parallels Between Love Stories - "Eros & Psyche and Beauty & the Beast"

    In the story of Cupid & Psyche, Cupid charges Psyche with the challenge to never look upon his face. He gives her no reason for this order, so Psyche must perform an act of blind faith. But, out of curiosity, she breaks their pact and looks upon his face at night. This is similar to Belle's curiosity over the "West Wing" of the castle, in Beauty & The Beast. The Beast tells Belle to never, under any circumstances, venture to the West Wing. Like Cupid, he gives his lover no reason for this, except that "IT'S FORBIDDEN!" Belle, too, had to perform an act of blind faith, but broke her lover's rule by going up to the West Wing to view its forbidden contents.

    • Word count: 651
  18. Trust in Diversity.

    It is at this point when the true conflict of the character is spelled out for the reader. He is a white man, trying to raise his son properly in a dangerous world. Across the road, he comes in contact with a black man, who he assumes makes a living selling drugs and helps to make the world so perilous. The narrator describes the man's physical appearance using the phrase, "the body of a tight end"(Chabon 4). From the first time that he saw the man and his son, the speaker admits to making negative assumptions about their life.

    • Word count: 981
  19. Herman Melville's short story "Bartleby the Scrivener" introduces many interesting characters with many different personalities to us.

    Aside from being upset at Bartleby, the narrator's sincerity towards Bartleby is also questionable. Every time the narrator tries to assist Bartleby, he seems to do it only to gratify himself. After the narrator informs Bartleby that the office must be vacated, he says to himself, "As I walked home in a pensive mood, my vanity got the better of my pity"(132). On his way home that night, the narrator congratulates himself on his handling of the situation. The narrator is glad to have gotten rid of Bartleby, but only it seems, because he gave Bartleby money.

    • Word count: 1010
  20. Symbolization of Dublin Life.

    (9) The boys plan a "day's miching" to escape their dull lives and strict teachers. They go on an "adventure" across the Liffey and watch the ships as they dock and the sailors on the ships. Other characters use different means of escaping their mundane lives. In "Counterparts," Farrington is bored with his job as a clerk: "His body ached to do something, to rush out and revel in violence." (58) He is not satisfied with his job and his home-life and despises his boss; he feels the need to do something to vent his frustration. His way to solve this is drinking, and he finally has to pawn his watch-chain to finance his escape-route.

    • Word count: 1953
  21. Play: Simply HeavenlyTheatre Company and Venue: Trafalgar StudiosDate of Performance: 1/11/2004 Simply Heavenly, a good choice for the name of this play as it fits in with the theme of love

    This is a front view of the stage: After the dance routine most actors leave gradually. A few characters remain; the barman, Bodiddly and his son, and other customers. The scene change is clever and smooth using music to draw attention from the actors leaving the stage. After this short scene we are introduced to another character, Jesse Simple. The scene changes to Jesse's room. His room looks lower class and hasn't got much on it. He has a bed and bedside table, cupboard, and very few possessions. The decoration and colours used are dark browns, greens, and simple accessories.

    • Word count: 732
  22. Setting of "Araby"

    North Richmond Street is introduced as a blind and quiet place. The narrator states that the house is detached from the others on the street but that, "The other houses on the street, conscious of decent living within them, gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces" (294, paragraph 1). This description gives the readers the idea that the boy lives an isolated and lonely life. Darkness is also used to create the atmosphere. The streets around the boy's house and the room in which the former tenant died in is are described as dark. The darkness that surrounds the boy's environment symbolizes the boy's mixed emotions and his uncertain feelings.

    • Word count: 774
  23. Comparison and Contrast of the Main Characters in "A & P" and "Araby"

    As Sammy grows-up in a quiet, suburban town in New England during the early 1960's, he takes on a bleak outlook of life as he becomes bored while serving his community as a cashier at the local A & P store. He does little to revolutionize his life during his adolescence, and finds himself searching for an outlet from his monotonous environment when he is nineteen. Sammy is presented with the opportunity of change when three girls stroll into his work one day unknowingly bringing him freedom.

    • Word count: 1598
  24. Commentary - Corkscrew, by Dashiell Hammett

    In this particular story the reader is draw even closer to the character through empathy. There are a few short bland statements which makes the character sound as if he speaks in a distant, bleak tone, there are also several references to isolation and loneliness, 'I was the only passenger', '..without conversation', 'No person was in sight'. Further more one gets the impression that he is out of control of this situation and unable to stop what is going to happen. I feel the phrase '...carried me..' conveys this and also '.. we pushed up a long slope, topped a sharp ridge and slid down into corkscrew'.

    • Word count: 1323
  25. Akutagawa vs. Tolstoy: The Similarities and the Differences

    The grove on the other hand, is symbolic of the bias and uncertainty that places the truth and the investigation, just as the grove inhibits the physical ability to see and maneuver through the grove. These references to symbolism help convey the overall theme of "In a Grove"- being that the truth is hindered by the bias inevitably present in every individual. Tolstoy as well uses symbolism to portray a theme of the story to the reader. Tolstoy's use of symbolism can be seen in the final scene of "How Much Land Does a Man Need" when Pahom is mapping of his land, "This [land] is so fine, it would be a pity to lose it.

    • Word count: 1376

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • I choose to compare and contrast Nicholas and Paul's characteristics.

    "As a conclusion, both major characters are analyzed by their thought and point of view, authors' descriptions and the actions that they did in the stories. Both of them bring up the event to life and how their characteristics capture the readers' attention to understand the messages and themes in the stories."

  • With reference to any two short stories that you have studied in the course, compare and contrast any two characters.

    "After comparing and contrasting the characters, Nicholas and Paul, I realised that Nicholas is a stiff character while Paul is a round character. Nicholas' characteristic does not change from the beginning of the story till the end. He is still a naughty young boy, from telling his aunt about the frog in his basin of bread-and-milk and till the time when he rebels against his aunt. Otherwise Paul, his characteristics changes from being na�ve and innocent to mentally and emotionally challenged where at the end of the story he dies because of tensed and brain fever. In my opinion, these two characters succeed in bringing up the two short stories. D. H. Lawrence and H. Munro Saki thrived in expressing their thought trough these two characters."

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