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AS and A Level: Other Play Writes

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 2
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  1. Explore Shepards use of setting, lighting and sound effects in Fool for Love; how do these elements enhance the action of the play?

    The setting within Shepard's opening scene can be seen as a link towards Tennessee Williams play 'Streetcar named Desire', Within his opening scene which is set within the street where there is a sense of decay within the background with the decompositions of the buildings. However within the opening scene the setting contrasts with the use of sound and music. 'Merle Haggard's tune "wake up"' this is a pop song which are complete opposites. The setting is seen as dull and gloomy where as the music is loud and engergetic.

    • Word count: 770
  2. Equus Essay. In the play Equus by Peter Shaffer, Shaffer uses this passage to convey that Dysart is beginning to lose confidence in his profession of psychiatry

    Dysart refers to the Strang case as "the usual unusual" at the start of the play showing his dismissive attitude toward his patients, not knowing the extremities of this particular case. Due to Alan probing questions about Dysart's marriage he is left reflecting on whether they got married to soon accentuated by the repetition of "brisk". But the tone developed in the first half of this scene is not so much tragic as humourous because Dysart is cracking jokes about his marriage describing Margaret (his wife)

    • Word count: 527
  3. Re-read Act 1 Scene 7 of Murmuring Judges. Discuss the effects of Hare's use of dramatic techniques and stagecraft in this extract and elsewhere in the play.

    He is likewise isolated due to that the police station is "empty", communicating to the audience his marginalisation from the rest of the police force because of his corrupt methods and attitudes. The audience grows sympathy for him as a result, because, although he uses unorthodox and illicit ways of solving crime (namely the planting of "Semtex"), he actually succeeds in doing so, whereas other members of the police force tend to enjoy less success. More astute members of the audience will take this into account and thus be more inclined to have some pity for him.

    • Word count: 827
  4. Discuss Hares use of Sir Peter as a criticism of societys legal system in Act 1 Scene 2 and in 'Murmuring Judges' as a whole.

    A prominent event which incontrovertibly influenced Hare to raise awareness bout this notion was the wrongful imprisonment of the Birmingham Six. The fact that this group were framed for a crime they were not involved in exemplifies the problematic nature of the emotionally withdrawn lawyers, who lack diligence to persevere in cases due to deficiency of true concern for their clients. Similarly, in Act 2 Scene 1, Sir Peter "looks down, feeling himself on thin ice" before lying to the Home Secretary, so the audience notices his facial expression, picks up on his fabrication and holds him in contempt because

    • Word count: 880
  5. Max characterisation - The Homecoming

    By calling Sam a "b***h" he not only emasculates him but also attacks his suspected homosexuality. Max's reminiscence of when he and MacGregor "were two of the worst hated men" he attempts to instill fear and trepidation among those listening to his story and to scare Lenny into submission. His speech is reminiscent of that given by Ronnie Kray, infamous London thug in the 50s/60s, who said he and his brother were "f*****g untouchable". His language register is similar to that of Max, pugilistic, aggressive and filled with expletives.

    • Word count: 706
  6. How does Bennett present different teaching styles in 'The History Boys'?

    It shows that Hector sees knowledge as precious- he has an unconventional kind of teaching style which he sees as vital to the boys' education of life in general, and of particular importance is that the boys are aware of this. As Timms says, 'Mr. Hector's stuff's not meant for the exam, sir. It's to make us more rounded human beings.' when the boys are questioned by Irwin on Hector's teaching style. Furthermore, Hector believes in giving the boys the ability to defy the education they have been given- 'You give them an education.

    • Word count: 838
  7. Mrs Lintott - The History Boys

    By doing this the audience understand more in depth the way in which she converses outside of being a teacher, because she is having a conversation with Hector, so looses the restrictions that are intrinsic with her character and teacher persona. The sentence structure in this line is very short and simple, portraying the abruptness and often emotionless tone to her speech, contrasting with Hector who is vibrant and eccentric with words and language. There is a link here to later in the play, when Mrs Lintott vents her frustration about the passion of her subject being drained from her because it is gender bias.

    • Word count: 796
  8. The Truman Show

    On the contrary, Christof, the producer in The Truman Show movie sets everything up especially for him and tries his best to keep Truman in his utopia, Seahaven. It is a perfect world where Truman traps in and his whole life has been manipulated by someone else. In the beginning, Truman always says "In case I don't see ya: good afternoon, good evening and good night." without doubt that he is being filmed and says it because that is who and how he is.

    • Word count: 621
  9. A Tale of Two Cities

    They are the ones who ruled the country and set the laws. With a more sophisticated education, their accomplishments were greater. The upper class holds most of the nation's wealth and opinions. The Evremonde family, which was very wealthy, was greatly disliked by most lower class citizens since they were poorly treated. The French Revolution brought about a change in how the lower class citizens were treated. It also brought about retribution from the lower class in forms of hangings and beheadings of the richer men. Many of the rich tried to flee to England with their riches or their money.

    • Word count: 723
  10. How does George and Martha's entrance into the house establish an initial sense of their characters?

    Right at the beginning of the play there is name calling and accusation between the couple. Martha and George are both troubled and compulsive characters who are emotionally challenged. Martha and George are not your typical man and wife. Before the 1960s women were denied all the basic rights in most aspects of the society but the 1960s is when the woman liberation movement bought along many changes for women. It was thought that women could have a say in their government, that they could perhaps leave the home without feeling guilty about leaving their children alone, and that they could receive a job and earn wages like men.

    • Word count: 827
  11. How does the theme of invitations begin to develop through A Passage To India(TM) What are the consequences of these invitations?

    Aziz is demanded for by Major Callendar who wanted to see him at his bungalow urgently, Dr. Aziz went straight to Major Callendar's, leaving his dinner with his friends, when he got there Major Callendar had gone without leaving any message, showing the English believe that the Indians are at their beck and call. "But the sahib has left me some message?" "No". The Bridge party seems to be a significant event for the Indians, who consider it with appropriate scepticism they seem to believe that the motivation for the party is not to bridge the gap between the English and Indian societies but however to give a sense of dictatorship by the English over the Indians.

    • Word count: 959
  12. How is Stanhope Represented in the First Two Acts of 'Journey's End'?

    We learn that he is in fact an extremely competent and well respected commander - 'He's a long way the best company commander we've got' and this point is emphasised in Act two as Raleigh writes in his letter, 'He's the finest officer in the battalion, and the men simply love him.' Sherriff presents Stanhope as hard working, and this is mentioned various times throughout the two acts. Osborne says (when defending him against Hardy) - 'He's commanded this company or a year - in and out of the front line.

    • Word count: 840
  13. Remind yourself of Act III Scene 1, Consider the dramatic significance of this episode and what it tells audience about eighteenth century views of marriage

    Despite commencing as a reconciliatory and almost nostalgic exchange 'Yes, yes you were as kind and attentive - ' '..so I was, I would always take your part when my acquaintance used to abuse you..', its rapid descent into yet another passionate quarrel between Sir Peter and Lady Teazle comes as no great surprise to the audience. Sir Peter has already divulged the details of his marital difficulties in his earlier soliloquy where he remarks 'When an old bachelor marries a young wife, what is he to expect?

    • Word count: 979
  14. How does Carol Churchill explore the attitudes of women to work in Top girls ?

    Although the play has a feminist theme, Marlene is a masculine styled woman. Not only in her office life but in her social life too. In Act One, Marlene has many traits that give away her masculine side. She is a very assertive character, very in charge and precise, normal characteristics of a woman however, she presents them in a masculine way. "One of them's going to be late but we wont wait." Here she shows that she is not thinking of other people, she wants to sit down and get organised before other people arrive.

    • Word count: 998
  15. The Birthday Party. McCann is a complex character. An audience may respond to him in many ways.

    When McCann and Goldberg arrive at the boarding house in Act 1, McCann states, 'what are we doing here Nat?' this gives off signals that McCann is there as Goldberg's aid and not a leading figure. As the play goes on, the audience may start to feel sorry for Stanley due to unfortunate circumstances and more hatred and dislike towards Goldberg and McCann for making him feel so negative. McCann: He killed his wife! Goldberg: Why did you kill your wife? Stanley: What wife?

    • Word count: 588
  16. Show how Mamet uses language and interaction in act 1 to present ideas about language and power:

    He then becomes the passive subject in attempt to reason and level himself with carol. Page 10 shows Mamet cleverly using irony to show how John is so unaware of his behaviour, the language he uses and the effects of which. He says 'I can't talk now'. Demonstrating the fact that he is clearly an intelligent man who is unable to communicate or answer direct questions. Similar to that of a political figure, persuading the audience to associate him with power and authority. This is then confirmed on page 13 when he suddenly takes a very formal and authoritative tone with Carol.

    • Word count: 818
  17. What view of human relationships is found in in Synge's Playboy of the Western World and how is this expressed?

    This is because Old Mahon perceived Christy as "the fool of men" with everyone mocking him and making fun of him and Christy unable to handle tobacco and alcohol. As Christy was perceived as "the fool of men" he acted the character the people there thought him to be. Also, in his interactions with women Christy was said to, "if see a red petticoat coming... he'd be off to hide in the sticks." However, when Christy reaches the village of Mayo, he is constantly flattered by the people he meets there as they perceive him to be a hero.

    • Word count: 924
  18. Examine the different levels of comedy in Synge's Playboy of the Western World.

    We are further shown that they are not very religious people when Christy says "with the help of God I did (slay my da), surely, and that the Holy Immaculate Mother may intervene for his soul." It is clearly not of God to kill people or owe another and so bringing God in and praising him for fuelling a deed that is so against his teachings again convinces us of the comedy in this play. Another aspect of the language that brings in comedy is that in figures of speech and slang some of the things that the characters say are not to be taken literally but a deeper meaning should be looked for.

    • Word count: 683
  19. Edward Albee's presentation of Nick and his role in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf

    The young couple Nick and Honey are presented as ??passive observers. They serve solely as the objects of manipulation??. George and Martha simply use the younger, less experienced couple to manoeuvre for advantage in their own bitter struggle. This is further shown in act two by George when he states, ??I?ll tell you what game we?ll play. We?re done with humiliate the hosts? how about a little game of get the guests?? George attempts to regain power which is an ongoing theme in the play by humiliating nick and honey.

    • Word count: 675
  20. Pozzo & Lucky's Relationship in "Waitng for Godot".

    It is instantly clear that Pozzo?s character is extremely arrogant. He lords over the others, and he is decisive, powerful, and confident. When his character is introduced he refers to the other two as human, but as inferior beings; then he condescendingly acknowledges that there is a human likeness, even though the "likeness is an imperfect one." This image reinforces his authoritarian god-like stance. Pozzo's superiority is also seen in the manner in which he eats the chicken, and then casts the bones to Lucky with an air of complete omnipotence.

    • Word count: 665
  21. How is the prison service presented in scene 6 and other parts of "Murmuring Judges" by David Hare?

    The corruption is rooted too deep for any sort of reform, however much people try. Financing in prison during the 1980s was kept low despite the growing number of prisoners during that period of Margaret Thatcher?s conservative government. During the 1980s, there were 51 criminal trials, public enquiry proved the most searching examination of penal policy, which shows that the police may have searched people just for the sake of it. Beckett knows that the idealists within the prison service are not practical enough; therefore he also knows that the problems are too big to repair.

    • Word count: 835
  22. What conflicts and tensions arise in Act 1 of 'Arcadia'?

    Her question is prompted by Septimus himself who was found having s*x with Mrs. Chater in the gazebo the day before. Thomasina describes Cleopatra as making ?noodles of our s*x? because she was weakened by love and laments the loss of knowledge in the great library of Alexandria as a result of her s****l desire. Thomasina heralds Queen Elizabeth who would not have been tempted by love to give away land or power. Hannah is, like Thomasina's Queen Elizabeth, unswayed by romantic passions. She believes, as does Thomasina, that romantic inclinations would destroy or distract her from her work.

    • Word count: 883
  23. In The Silver Tassie. How does OCasey use the structure of his play in a powerful way?

    Harry is shown as a hero as he won a football match on his last day before leaving for the war, he has a positive status as when he was ?carrying? On their shoulders? and everyone was standing ?Up?Up? the repetition shows that everyone is respecting him and they are excited and feeling happy about the victory. Harry is also being shown as ?healthy stomach, lusty limbs? which emphasize that he is good looking and strong, the audience like him as he is being shown as the hero of that specific event ?The picture..

    • Word count: 784
  24. How important is context to our understanding of Churchill's Top Girls?

    Thatcher was known to break the power of the unions, as she promised that when she will be elected and she was. Churchill?s success started to grow in the 1980s and it was sudden appearance and shock to society of a woman being a playwright during this period. ?Between 1959 and 1980 only 8% of the plays produced at the Royal Court were by women and most of these were by Caryl Churchill.? The context of Top Girls is feminism too, which occurred from the period in the 1970s when the focus on the unpaid labor women did around home began.

    • Word count: 645

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • With detailed reference to at least three of the monologues, discuss how the narrators may be considered 'artless' in Alan Bennett's terms.

    "In conclusion, all, but one, of Alan Bennett's monologues are considered to star artless narrators. Although some of the monologues are less artless than other, for example, Graham in 'A Chip in the Sugar' is far more artless than Susan in 'Bed Among the Lentils' but both are considered to have artless qualities."

  • Explore the ways R.C. Sherriff presents the attitudes of key characters in 'Journey's End'. Compare and contrast your findings with the ways the attitudes of key characters are presented by Peter Whelan in 'The Accrington Pals'

    "In conclusion, the attitudes of characters in Journey's End and The Accrington Pals are largely similar. However, because of the massively different situations that the plays' characters are confined to, they're forced to think differently about certain aspects of things. Journey's End's characters try their hardest to be completely devoid of emotion, because they have to be, whilst The Accrington Pals's predominantly female characters are much quicker to allow their own feelings to get dragged into things. These two mindsets, that of the numbed soldier and that of the emotionally charged female townie, inevitably have an effect on the characters' attitudes. However, amongst the men of the two plays, even though there's definitely a natural divide between the attitudes of the upper class and the lower class, as we have seen through our comparisons between the two plays, it's clear that, as officers become more experienced in war, their attitudes begin to become increasingly similar to those of their men - Raleigh even chooses to sleep and eat with his men rather than be with his fellow officers at one point, which shows how war can change one's initial attitude to class; it unites people of different backgrounds and beliefs in order to combat what most believed was a common enemy."

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