Skills, Techniques and Tactics for 5 a side Football and Basketball.
BTEC National Diploma in Sport Michael Hart
Practical Team Sports Assignment 2
Practical Team Sports
Skills and Techniques
Dribbling- When dribbling in football you need to have good balance because if you don’t when you are running with the ball you might fall. Also you need to keep the ball close to your feet so that the defending player doesn’t take the ball from you. You should try and use both feet to keep control of the ball. A good dribbler of the ball is Aaron Lennon.
Shooting- When shooting you will also need good balance for this because when if you don’t have good balance when shooting then you might be leaning back which will mean that your shoot will go over the bar. When shooting you should plant your non shooting foot to the side of the ball and kick the ball with the other foot. You should follow through with your shooting foot so the ball travels faster. A player well known for his powerful shooting is Robin Van Persie.
Passing (short pass) - When making a short pass you should use the instep of either foot. You should focus more on accuracy than power. When making a short pass you should place your non passing foot to the side of the ball and pass with your other foot. All professional football players are good passers of the ball this is because it is on of the easiest techniques to perform.
Passing (long pass)- When making a long pass it is similar to shooting because you have to use power. When making a long pass you should plant your non passing foot to the side of the ball and then kick the ball with the other foot. One of the best players in the world at picking out a pass is Cesc Fabregas.
Control- When controlling the ball you have very soft feet and should try and cushion the ball. When the ball is going towards you it is very important to keep your eye on the ball incase it bobbles off the floor then you will need to reshape your body so you can control the ball. A very good controller of the ball is Fernando Torres.
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Interception- When intercepting the ball you need to have good reaction time and agility this is because you need to react to a lose pass from an opposition. You should be on your toes and be ready for a bad pass.
Turning- When you perform a turn during a football match you should be light on your feet so that you can turn quickly. You should put your left foot to the left hand side of the ball and then drag the ball back between you legs with the inside of your right foot.
Tackling- When tacking in football you should make sure you are fully committed to the tackle otherwise you will not make the tackle very well. A very good tackler is John Terry.
Goalkeeping- When goalkeeping in a 5-a-side match you need to make sure you stay low this is because the goals are lower than usual. You also need to have very good reaction time, this is because the opposition can shoot from quite close to the goal. Also you r positioning needs to be good because the goals are very wide. A very good goal keeper is Nathan Hope.
Trapping- When trapping the ball you need to spread your arms to keep yourself balanced and to shield your opponent. When the ball is played to you, you should stop the ball with your studs, this is so the ball stops dead. A very good trapper of the ball is Wayne Rooney.
Marking- When marking in football you need to stay close to the person you are marking because if you give them space then they will be able to control the ball and make a pass. If you are close to them then they will not have time to control the ball. A good marker in football is Nemanja Vidic.
Positioning- Your position on the pitch is very important this is because if you are in the wrong position then one of the opponents might be in the space that you should be in, therefore they might have a chance of scoring. All professionals keep their positions well.
Diamond- when you use the diamond formation it helps with attacking and defending this is because you have a defensive midfield player to help the defense, also you have an attacking midfield player who helps the forward. The other two players offer the team some width, this is so they don’t become to narrow. A team that uses the diamond formation is Tottenham. Tottenham have Palacios as a holding midfielder and Luka Modric in an attacking midfield role.
Square- In this formation you have equal strength in attack and in defense. This is because you have two in a defense and two in attack. This means that if you lose the ball then you have people ready to try and win the ball back off the opponents.
Counterattack- When performing the counterattack tactic you should sit back and let the opposition attack you. When you win the ball you should play a long over the top of the opposition, this is so you attack before your opponents have chance to get back and defend. A team that was very successful at counter attacking was the Arsenal team that won the premiership back in 2005.
Skills and techniques
Passing- (chest pass) When passing in basketball you need to place both hands on the ball. They then throw the ball towards the other player with his hands pointing outwards. The power of the pass is generated from the elbows and the shoulders. This is when your elbows extend on release of the ball. All professional Basketball players are good at passing.
Passing- (bounce pass) When performing a bounce pass you should pass the ball to another player in which it only bounces once between you and the other player. Also in this one the power is generated from the elbows and shoulders. This is when you extend your elbows.
Passing- (overhead pass) When performing an overhead pass you should throw the ball to a team mate from above your head. This pass is similar to a throw in, in football. You should place each hand on either side of the ball and throw it to a team mate without it bouncing.
Intercepting- When intercepting the ball in basketball you need to be alert and on your toes. You need to have good balance so that if the ball goes to one side then you will have to move quickly to intercept the ball. An example of intercepting could be catching the ball from an attempt of a pass from the other team. Or it could be collecting the ball after a shot hits the backboard. Shaq O’Neal is well known for this.
Shooting- When shooting for outside the 3 point line you need to have a strong upper body. You need to have good balance. This is because if you have bad balance and you shoot then your shot will not be accurate and therefore you will miss the basket. You should line the ball up with the basket so you shot as accurate as possible. Kobe Bryant has scored the most points in the NBA for the last 5 years.
Shooting- (lay-up) When performing a lay up shot you should take one step of your right foot and then when you step off your left foot you should jump towards the basket and aim for the smaller square on the backboard. Allen Iverson is probably the best in the world at lay-ups. Despite his inferior size to everyone else that plays Basketball he still manages to get up there to score points.
Shooting- (jump shot) When performing a jump shot you should have one hand behind the ball for power and one hand on the side of the ball for accuracy. You should then jump and shoot, this is used to make more of an angle when you shoot and is also use to avoid the defender blocking the ball. Tim Duncan has scored many jump shots in his professional career.
Dribbling- When dribbling in basketball you need to keep good control of the ball. You need to make sure that the ball does not bounce over waist height because if it does then it will be easier fro the opposition to tackle you. You should also try and use alternate hands, this is to make it more difficult for the opposition to tackle you. Allen Iverson is also the best dribbler with a Basketball in the world he has great speed and co-ordination that allows him to move in all directions.
Pivoting- When pivoting in basketball you need to have good balance this is so you don’t lose balance and move you pivoting foot. You should have one foot that is fixed to the floor which doesn’t move. The other foot allows you to rotate, which protects the ball from the opposition.
Blocking a shot- When blocking a shot you should be aware and on your toes, this is because the attacker could fake a shot and pass it to someone else. Also if they do shoot then you need to time your jump so you can block it.
Positioning- In basketball it is key that you are in the correct position because if you aren’t then the opposition might have a player in the position you should be in and therefore they will have a very good chance of getting a basket.
The give and go- This is when you pass to a teammate and after you have done this then you would run straight to the basket expecting the ball back from your teammate. This will set up a number of scoring opportunities.
Balance the court- this is a vital tactic in basketball, it is to make sure that you and your teammates do not overcrowd one part of the court, this is so you have options all over the court when you win back the possession. If you are all crowded in one part of the court then you will not be able to get out of that area very easily and you could even lose the ball.
L-Cut- The purpose of an L-Cut is to go towards the basket after passing the ball to a teammate on the perimeter (this is the 1st line of the “L”). If you do not receive the ball back from your teammate, then you would simply make a 90° degree turn and cut off to the far outside wing area in an L-Cut formation (this is the 2nd line of the “L”).