Likewise, European countries are also somewhat insulated from different regions' emissions due to the Atlantic, and of course, prevailing weather patterns. Assuming the EU and rest of central and eastern Europe continue to lower their emissions in concert, acid rain will most likely decrease universally over Europe. In fact, significant reductions have already occurred. For a graphical forecast of European acidity, click on Scandanavia, also linked with the European continent, will continue to see further declines in Acidic Deposition. This decrease in acid rain can again be attributed to the almost universal strengthening across Europe and Scandinavia of emissions controls.
On the other hand, when it comes to predicting how long it will be until the forests and lakes and streams recover, mankind is basically clueless. However, the majority seem to think that this recovery process, though already beginning, will take a very long time to reach completion. These long term recovery predictions are correct because the forests and lakes very healthfulness and biodiversity have been hurt by severe acidic deposition. Chemical reactions which leach nutrients accumulated for ages and ages from the soil—the lifeblood of trees—cannot be undone overnight. It will most likely be a number of years before the environment can fully heal itself. Assuming, of course, that we continue to play the policeman over environmental hazards. After having set nature off its course, we have no choice but to take responsibility for our mistakes and try our best to put it back on course.
In this geography enquiry I will do an investigation on the impact of tourism at stanage edge. Stanage edge is a national park. National parks are very large areas of beautiful countryside filled with open scenery and wildlife, protected by the government for the people to enjoy. National parks are owned by private owners, national trusts, forest commission and water authorities, they are not owned by the nation. National parks are normally situated very close to motorways, so it is easy for tourists to come in and out from major conurbations. More people can access them easily due to this even people from large urban areas. Also the time taken on motorways is short, and because of this it has made them more successful fro attracting tourists. National parks were act of parliament in 1949 because they knew the expansion of urban areas was permanently destroying the beautiful scenery and wildlife homes. They were setup after the Second World War because even the public thought they were beautiful and breathe taking. Other reasons why they were made were because it protected landscapes, wildlife, building and places of architectural or historical interest. They were used for outdoor activities, new buildings, and reservoirs. Britain National parks have three main aims, these are:-
1)to preserve their natural beauty
2)to promote their enjoyment to the public, and
3)to consider the well beings of the people who live and work within them.
In Britain they are 10 national parks, as you can see from figure 2, the one I will be going to is the peak district which is were stanage edge is located in. The peak district is a breath taking area of beautiful countryside with many activities to do and also fishing in the reservoirs for the public. In 1951, the peak district was the first national park in Britain. It is located in north-west England, 15km from Manchester, 12km from Sheffield and covers an area of 1404 square kilometers. The peak district has 22 million visitors a year and is Britain’s most popular national park. One of the reasons for the amount of visitors is because it is very close to the M6 and M1 motorways so therefore has good access from major conurbations. As I have said before it was made because the government wanted to protect beautiful countryside and wildlife and so did the nation. The organizations who own the peak district are shown in figure 1:-
Figure 1-Land Ownership of The Peak District
Stanage edge is in the peak district. It is a natural landform called an escarpment which is a hill with one steep side (scarp slope) and a gentle side (dip slope). It was formed in this way because of the layers of material. Tectonic plates on the mantle move (but not noticeable by us) and when two move towards each other, continental crust is moved upwards, but for instance one side is hard lock and the other soft then one will go over the other forming an escarpment and it also happen because of deposition over million of years and stanage edge stick out because it’s hard rock unlike it’s surroundings. It is high as 400 meters and because of this it has made it a big attraction because you can see over Castleton and the scenery. Many activities are done here but import over deposition of the foot path which I will study about.