• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Of the following: Parliament, Ombudsmen, UK Courts, European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights, which body is the most effective at redressing grievances, and why?

Extracts from this document...


Of the following: Parliament, Ombudsmen, UK Courts, European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights, which body is the most effective at redressing grievances, and why? The different bodies of the UK and Europe have their individual ways of redressing grievances. In the UK, the link between Parliament and Ombudsmen is quite significant; in that the way Parliament redresses grievances is through the Parliamentary Ombudsman (officially known as the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration). The European Courts are connected to the European Ombudsman, whose job shall be outlined later. Each institution is equally effective at redressing grievances, although it seems that the European Ombudsman has greater effect. The reasons for this shall be summarized below. The European Court of Justice is an institution of the European Union and is situated in Luxembourg. It is not to be confused with the European Court of Human Rights. Except when in its judicial role, the court helps to resolve disputes between member states, the European Union and member states, individuals and the European Union or between the institutions of the European Union. Since 1952, more than 8,600 cases have been presented to the court. To deal with the increasing number of cases more rapidly and therefore more effectively, the court appealed to the European Parliament to allow them to create another judicial body. ...read more.


Moving on to the UK court system, we have two main parts; the civil courts and the criminal courts. Both courts are arranged in order of hierarchically. To start with the civil courts by beginning with the County Courts - here minor cases such as divorces and tenant disagreements are seen. They progress to the High Court if disputes are of a higher value than �5,000 in claims/damages. Within the High Court is the Divisional Court of Queens Bench Division, which deals with cases referred from the County Courts. Next is the Family Division, which deals with the family and legal side of personal relations. The third part of the High Court is the Chancery Division, which deals with taxation and wills. Any appeals go to the House of Lords - the highest court in the Civil Courts. The process of dealing with a compliant through the Civil Courts is long and expensive. It takes a long period of time to process all complaints, and then to determine whether they are in need of a hearing. The outcome is not always what the victim expects, so their time and money feels wasted. However, the Civil Courts are probably the best place to go to if you have been a victim of any of the aforementioned criteria. ...read more.


However, as the case study shows, when the public do have knowledge of the system, it can become very useful. The advice is free and confidential and all investigations are private. He can cover a wide range of public bodies and in many cases his recommendations are implemented so everyone gets something from it. Whereas this system would appear to be highly effective, statistics show that less than a quarter of the complaints made to the Ombudsman turn into investigations. From studying the different ways in which various bodies in the UK and Europe redress grievances, there seems to be no particular body that stands out as being the most effective, but merely one that has more effect than others. Where the European Courts independently have different courts that deal with complaints, and the UK has the Parliamentary Ombudsman and the two Courts which deal with complaints towards both governmental and personal affairs, the most effective in the way it deals with people is the European Ombudsman. He can be reached directly and without the fuss of have to go through an MP. This is not saying that the other systems do not have their merits, or that the European Ombudsman doesn't have his drawbacks, but that as a "user-friendly" system and the speed at which his replies are sent seem to prove that he is the man. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The European Union and UK Businesses

    3 star(s)

    the other chain would carry out extensive methods to make sure that Tesco cannot block them moving into the United Kingdom. The Single European Act (1986) Jacques Delors, president of the European Commission, summarised the main objectives of the Single European Act in the following way: "The Single Act means,

  2. How important is the European Parliament?

    600 000 voters, who are either members of parties in their own country, and represent these groups at election, or are individual candidates.

  1. Free essay

    Has British Politics been Europeanised

    and adopt an essentially pragmatic stance towards the increasing power of super-national institutions...they agree with them if they bring concrete benefits."19 On the contrary, Euro-sceptics believe that "...any attempt to strengthen EU institutions is a direct affront to Parliamentary sovereignty and must be resisted at every turn."20 This clearly states

  2. Evaluate the features of Toyota UK Burnaston

    by the loss of imported cars from Burnaston because the Competitors shall easily for full the role that Burnaston had in the EU - Essentially meaning Toyota always have to keep competitive & profitable to survive in the European market.

  1. can the European Parliament be regarded as an effective legislative

    There is hpwever an issue with this power, while the parliament can put forward the legislation the, commission is under no obligation to accept it or act on it. Though the pressure put on the commission is a considerable amount.

  2. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    Neither the subjective element (the sense of shared collective identity and loyalty) nor the objective conditions which could produce these (the kind of homogeneity of the organic national-cultural conditions on which peoplehood depend such as shared culture, a shared sense of history, a shared means of communication(!)

  1. The concept of Parliamentary sovereignty means Parliament is the supreme legal authority in the ...

    term; it's purpose is to advise the Council of Ministers on commission proposals. In the late 20th and early 21st Century, the constitutional principle of Parliamentary supremacy underwent erosion. The erosion has been connected with Institutions of the European Union, in particular the European Court of Justice that asserts the power to exercise judicial review over the UK law.

  2. To what extent have international courts and tribunals been successful in upholding human rights?

    This is a clear example of how an international court can be successful. In addition, in May 2005, the ECHR ruled that Turkey's trial of Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan was unfair. "The applicant was not tried by an independent and impartial tribunal," the European Court of Human Rights said in a statement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work