There are a number of illnesses that CBT has been proven to work effectively on. These include;
- Phobias e.g. Agoraphobia
- Social phobia
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
- Post traumatic stress disorder
The way in which CBT works effectively on such problems is that it breaks down the problems that the person is experiencing into smaller parts. By doing this, the ways in which these problems are connected to you and how they affect you become more visible. The problems are broken down as follows;
- A Situation- a problem, event or a difficult situation
- Other areas linked to this are;
- Physical feelings
Each of the above areas can affect each other, for example the way in which you think about a problem you are facing can alter the way you are feeling both physically and emotionally. This can also affect what we actually do about it.
Another therapist involved in CBT was Aaron Beck (1976). Beck argued that when dealing with cases of depression, that the negative and unrealistic feelings should be uncovered and challenged. Beck’s also stated that he believe the cognitive triad to be very important. This is made up of the negative thoughts a depressed person has about themselves, the world and the future. In such cases, the patient may see themselves as being helpless, worthless and inadequate.
When looking at the effectiveness of CBT, a number of factors need to be taken into account.
Cognitive and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy combines the two methods and seeks to listen to the patients take on the world. In the end, they can both help to alter behavior both directly and indirectly.