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AS and A Level: Islam
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While the prophet faced the Bait al-Maqdis in his heart he longed to face the mihrab of Ibrahim in the Ka'bah. The Jews also used to face the Bait al-Maqdis, they therefore didn't like the idea of the Muslims facing the same qiblah as they did, and they tried to dishonour the Prophet by using this against him. The prophet used to look in the sky and await the revelation of Allah in the matter. This verse was revealed at the time:- "Verily!
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Prophets, as characterised by Judaism, the first of the three Abrahamic faiths, were people who felt very deeply. They were devastated by the suffering of those that were oppressed. Having great resonance with the life of our final messenger, Muhammad (s.a.w), the Jewish prophets tended to have three main phases to their lives; contemplative seclusion, scathing criticism of the status quo and finally the provision of a means to salvation. And yet, when reading the Old Testament, it becomes very much apparent that the prophets were not of an impeccable character; they appear fallible and at times guilty of serious sin.
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But even though having all this, deep inside I was feeling no peace, no buzz as if something was missing. Living the life of Islam was the answer to all my difficulties. At the time I knew this but I still could not do it as it was asking me to leave all the things I loved and this was including girls and music. However the weakness which was making me follow my desires and not the way of Allah did at last leave my life.
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Explain and comment on the ways in which Muhammad set about creating a united ummah between 622 and 632.
The first undisputed, all-out battle of the creation of the ummah was in 624. This was the Battle of Badr. While Muslims claim that the battle was fought out of loyalty to Allah alone, non-Muslims claim that it was based on a desire for revenge against the Meccans who had forced them to leave their original home. The evidence that Muslims claim to have supporting their argument is the very fact that Muhammad and his followers won the battle - they had Allah on their side, as is described in Sura 7.
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If possible, before a Muslim dies, the call to prayer should be whispered into the persons ear. Just as this happened at birth, so Allah should be the last word a Muslim hears before death.
The body must be buried with the face turned towards the Kab'ah in Mecca (the house of Allah). When Muslims are dying, they recite the Islamic declaration of faith, the Shahada: There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. They may try to say the last words of Muhammad (peace be upon him): Allah, help me through the hardship and agony of death. The dead person's body is washed and wrapped in white cloth. Muslims prefer not to use a coffin. Muslims try to bury the dead person as fast as possible, within 24 hours.
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The Articles of Faith are; Suhoof(pages) of Ibrahim(Abraham), Taurat (Torah) as revealed to Prophet Moses, Zuboor (Psalms) as revealed to Prophet David, and Ingieel (Evangel) as revealed to Prophet Jesus (Phuh). The Torah is the essence of the Jewish religion, the Christians take Jesus' gospel to be the final messenger of God and the Muslims in turn believe Muhammad is the last in this line of Prophets putting, naturally, a massive importance on his life and Sunna as well as the Qur'an itself.
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They usually locate in the cities where there is a significant Muslim population. This may require the man to live in a Muslim community or to travel to the shop and buy meat on a regular basis. However, if he lives quite a distance from a Muslim community, it may be very difficult to be able to travel down there regularly and buy meat. Usually, the solution is to move somewhere nearer to a Muslim community. "Allah has forbidden for you what dies of itself, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that over which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked.
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Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the messenger of Allah (SWT) in the light of the Quran and in the light of the Sunnah.
They have one main difference between them; the Quran is the direct word of Allah (SWT) to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the Angel Gabriel. Whereas the Sunnah has been inspired by Allah (SWT) but they are the wordings and the actions of the Prophet (PBUH), which has been interpreted by many different scholars. (Hasan, page 9,91) In order to be a Muslim a person must express his or her faith (Iman). Faith is the first pillar of Islam, which is clearly stated in the Holy Quran (the other four pillars being prayer, zakat, fasting and the pilgrimage to Hajj if one can afford it and is in good health).
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His son, Abdullah, married a woman called Aminah, who was soon pregnant with his child when Abdullah suddenly died. The child that was born was named Muhammad. When Muhammad was born he was given to a Bedouin woman called Halimah as all Quaraish children at that time were. This was done so that children would be brought up away from the disease and impurities in the air in the city. At the age of six Muhammad was returned to Aminah who proceeded to die later that year. Luckily Muhammad's devoted grandfather, Abd-al-Muttalib, took him in and cared for him until he died two years after that.
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This leaves no room for cheating, The Muslim Refrains from Backbiting and Slander Therefore the Muslim keeps away from backbiting and gossip. With the upbringing and education in the values and attitudes of Islam, the Muslim is too busy with the important things in life to be concerned with such trivial matters. The Muslim Avoids Giving False Statements The true Muslim does not give false statements because doing so is haram. Bearing false witness, besides being haram, does not befit a Muslim, and it damages the Muslim's credibility and honor.
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These are the biggest tests of all. These tests will be accountable for on the day of judgement. Poverty is an economic condition when people lack the basic means of survival i.e., food, clothes, water, education, and health service. These needs are considered as being the necessary means for anyone to have an adequate standard of living. We cannot say what the adequate means are on a general term as this depends on the standard of living within the area.
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This is called Anthropomorphism. Allah is far beyond human understanding. He is not abstract and Allah created everything. To suggest you own something is breaking Tawhid. Or to think that you are better than anyone or anything also breaks Tawhid and breaks the teaching from the Quran " We are all equal like the tooth of a comb" Akirah is Judgement by Allah, " He will gather you again on the day of judgement " (Quran) Judgement day happens when the world comes to an end and Allah judges every Muslim.
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There is no partner with you. Here I am. Verily, Thine is the praise, the blessings and the sovereignty of the Universe Thou has no partner They then run between two hills to represent what happened when Hajar did this to find water for her son Ishmal. They come to the spring (Zam Zam), which Allah found and people desperately try to drink and bathe in the water which comes from it. This is a Muslim's search for spiritually. After this they walk 7 times around the Ka`aba (black stone), this symbolizes when 630 people rode into Makka and destroyed all Idols and Allah forgave the citizens.
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The true appearance of Angels cannot be said but Muslims believe that all angels were made of light. This shows a sign of purity and the stereotypical view that Angels are heavenly and divine creatures. In the Holy Quran it says; "Praise be to Allah who made angels with wings two, three and four pairs." The belief in angels is evident in Judaism and Christianity as well as Islam. In Islam Angels are servants of Allah. At the time of the creation of Adam, all the Angels and Jinn's were commanded by Allah to bow down before Adam.
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Muslim prefer not to bury the dead in a coffin, so not to waste valuable wood, the body is often advised to be placed in a coffin to follow special health regulations. There is no difference in how the corpse is dressed, whether the person was rich or poor, important or humble in death and in Allah's eyes they are the same. No expenses are to be made at the funeral. The funeral must be simple; leaders do not have a special cemetery, but the same funeral as others of less importance.
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What are the main features of the Islamic doctrine of God as summed up in the words 'There is no God but God'
eye and that he is closer to you than your jugular vein, this keeps a Muslim from neglecting their duties or committing sins. Muslims also believe that God is totally transcendent and his existence is necessary 'he has not begotten and has not been begotten and equal to him is not anyone'. Tawhid requires a Muslims to be totally obedient to the Will of Allah, if they are then they will develop self-confidence, become dutiful and upright and self-respect because they know that Allah is all powerful and everywhere.
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Outlining the Main Events in the Life of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) and Assessing his Importance and Influence.
Khadijah asked Muhammed to marry her and he accepted. Muhammed was twenty-five at the time and Khadijah was forty years old. They were married for about twenty-five years before Khadijah died. In Ranadhan the year Muhammed was forty years old (about 610), Muhammed sat alone in Cave Hira in Mount Bur. An angel appeared and asked him to read. Like most Arabs of the time, Muhammed (pbuh) could not write, nor could he read, so he told the angel that he could not read. The angel squeezed him and asked him to read again, and again he told the angel that he could not read.
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He was a kind and gentle man, but tended to elect many friends and relatives to key positions. When he was 80 many Muslims, particularly the supporters of Ali, thought that he should abdicate, but he refused to do so. Soon afterwards, while Uthman was at prayer, he was killed by a group of angered Egyptians. He had ruled from 644-56 CE. Finally, 24 years after the Prophet's death, the khalifate passed to Ali. He ruled from 656-61 CE. He was famous for his extreme piety and faithful transmission of the Prophet's sayings. His supporter's thought of him as the 'Conscience of Islam'.
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' Men are responsible for women because God has given the one more than the other, and because they spend of their property ( for the support of women ). Virtuous women are therefore obedient, guarding in their ( husbands' ) absence that which God has guarded.' ( 4:4 ). The husband is expected to provide for the home i.e. he is responsible for bringing in money - this is his duty. The husband is responsible for the cost of his wife's food, clothes and accommodation.
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Outline the teachings of Christianity and Islam about the creation of the world. What beliefs about the treatment of the environment can be drawn from these?
Muslims believe that Allah created everything: the solar system, the Earth, the animals, plants and human beings. The Qur'an also mentions the reason of creation to be for people to serve Allah and that Allah maintains everything. Scientific theories do not affect Islamic views about the creation of the world, as Muslims believe that they explain what the Qur'an already teaches. However, theories such as the evolution theory are not accepted my Muslims. It is believed that Allah created apes in their own image, and humans were created as humans; not by evolution descending from apes.
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When the scholars reach a consensus this is what ijma is. This is especially important in modern times because there are many new technologies which were not present at the prophet?s (pbuh) time.For a Muslim, all matters, laws and legislation must be according to the Islamic Shariah to be acceptable. The previously mentioned sources of the Shariah must be used in the order they were given. A verdict on any issue is first researched in the holy Qur'an, then the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh).
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