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GCSE: Henrik Ibsen
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Ibsen, like many of his contemporary writers, was under the influences of numerous scientific advances and among them was Charles' Darwin's theory of evolution. This led many people to believe that God was not the one responsible for creating human beings and that God was not responsible for the actions that people took during their lives, that they were either a product of their free will or heredity. Nora's decision to leave is the climax of the play, an unexpected turnout of events.
- Word count: 838
Consider the relationship between the use of theatrical space and thematic development in Ibsen's A Doll's House.
Gender roles are spatially defined in relation to the inside and the outside of the house. Traditionally it is the woman who makes the house into a home, her home, while the world of commerce, war, travel, the world outside, is a man's world. Seeing the within and the without in terms of the outdoors and the indoors immediately transforms the theatrical space into a gender-charged environment, naturally fitted for acting out the drama of man and woman, Nora and Torvald. Similarly, in developing the plot of the play Ibsen crafts certain scenes to reflect their relevance and importance through highlighting the location of a dialogue and the movements of characters within a given area.
- Word count: 1047
In this scene there is a lot of reference to doors. Many doors are mentioned in the stage directions of the play. The doors are a metaphor in technical language they represent opportunity when open yet restrictions when closed. We can straight away see that there is restriction when Helmer opens the door of his study room and looks in from his study. There are many props used in the play one of the props that has been used is the stove.
- Word count: 1684
His actions are nothing out of the ordinary and give the impression that he is a very polite individual. It is not until he leaves the room that a brief conversation between Nora and Kristine begins to expand upon his character. Kristine first reveals that she used to know Krogstad many years ago when he was a solicitor's clerk. Further discussion reveals that Krogstad is now a widower with many children whose "marriage wasn't a very happy one" (784). The tone of the conversation quickly changes as Dr. Rank joins them and reveals yet another aspect of Krogstad's character.
- Word count: 1211
* The most effective movements Kirimi's used for the role of Nora was when she used very childish movements at the beginning of the play, for example when she used guilty movements when Torvald asked her if she had been eating sweets which he had barred her from eating. * The most noticeable mannerisms that Kirimi used was the ones she produced with her hands. She used very feminine gestures throughout the play as the typical Victorian woman would be.
- Word count: 5058
When a person experiences an epiphany, they frequently resort to radical , but often necessary actions. Comforts can often blind someone from the truth. When you get use to having something, you often begin to take it for granted. This is true in Nora's case. She never seems to leave the house. Everything comes to her. She is literally trapped in domestic comfort. Nora gets so use to her life, living in her "Doll's House", that she eventually loses touch with the outside world and consequently, reality. When Torvald chastises Nora for her lies as opposed to embracing and protecting her, she finally notices that she is being confined, that she is not truly loved.
- Word count: 770
Additional scene for Henrik Ibsen's "A Doll's House" occurring shortly after Nora has left. Torvald receives a visit from Krogstad.
Krogstad: Torvald, stop twisting your actions. In fact, we are leaving because of you. You released me from my job, unjustifiably in most peoples eyes, barring from yourself of course, and then replaced me. And there aren't any more jobs in this town in which, even with Ms Linde's income combined would be suffice to raise my family. What we are doing is an incredible risk, to me, to her, to my family, if all goes well then we shall survive, if not, then we won't. And I thought you would like to know that Torvald.
- Word count: 1361
Torvald is demeaning to his wife through his consistent use of superior language "Is that my little skylark twittering out there?" with the words 'my' and 'little' he is talking to her like a possession and of lower significance. Krogstad intimidates and blackmails Nora, "if I'm to be flung out for the second time, you'll keep me company!" using language to frighten and exult power onto Nora. Dr. Rank although not an intimidating or demeaning person to Nora, becomes an overbearing presence in Nora's life when he confesses his love for her before his imminent death.
- Word count: 1443
There was always a moral behind the story. Instead of the characters being plain with no depth all of Isben's main characters are complicated people with problems that the audience can relate to. We as the audience can learn something about yourself and the world through the characters feelings. For example Nora's dilemma makes you think about your own ideas about relationships. One of Isben's other structural techniques he used is all the main events that are spoken about have already happen before the play has started.
- Word count: 526
In A Doll's House Henrik Ibsen focuses on the lack of control women had over their own lives in the 19th century.
He sees women as helpless creatures and tells Nora that women are responsible for the morality of their children. This is not just Torvald's fault, but indicative of the entire Victorian society. Women were repressed with rules, clothes, marriage, and family. The fact that it was illegal for a woman to borrow money without a man signing for her shows society's belief that a woman was to be treated like a child. Torvald behaves like a dictator and patronizes Nora, so she is forced to hide her loan from him because she knows Torvald would never accept that his wife or any other woman helped save his life.
- Word count: 1376
Stage directions become cryptic messages of characterization. The dramatist's portrayal is well supported by the physical presence of certain objects and the audience's dramatic interpretation goes beyond the traditional analysis of dialogue and relationships. This "environmental thinking" creates a new dimension of meaning in drama It is this kind of interaction between the living and non-living "characters" which allow Henrik Ibsen to reveal emotion and motivation in his play Hedda Gabler. Ibsen gives detailed stage directions about the lighting, the props, and certain objects, to achieve his effects and to supplement his thoughts.
- Word count: 1136
all ending happily, with a solid conclusion being established, so Ibsen's work was a culture shock to everyone who watched it, but a breathe of fresh air to female viewers, as it clearly supported the feminist idea. The acts are sorted into very strict patterns. There is a distinct beginning, middle and end, one act of each. For story writers, these are usually just an outline for the story, but Ibsen has used them to a greater effect, to split A Doll's House up into easy sections for the reader and actor to use.
- Word count: 593
It unfolds that Nora has forged her father's signature to get the loan. Krogstad attempts to use Nora's influence over her husband to preserve his occupation in the bank and blackmails her. However, Nora fails to persuade her husband, who is determined to fire Krogstad. Act ll In the Christmas morning, Christine arrives and helps Nora with her Christmas ball costume. She begins to suspect that Nora has borrowed from Dr. Rank, which Nora denies. Nora has another argument with Torvald about Krogstad's position in bank, and Torvald announces that Krogstad's familiar attitude is what bothers him most. Nora fails to dissuade him, and Torvald sends a letter of dismissal to Krogstad. Dr.
- Word count: 3164
To understand the meaning of A Dolls House by Henrik Ibsen we read the whole script. To go deeper into the meaning we used our own drama abilities to explore.
It showed us she would lie to Torvald. Throughout the play this enhances and evolves into something much bigger. Nora has lied to Torvald and this time it is much more serious than macaroons. She has betrayed him and it is close to him finding out. The macaroons were Ibsen's way of showing me that Nora was devious and could undermine Torvald and then it transforms into something much bigger. The reader knows this could happen but when it does it shocks.
- Word count: 1786
He enjoys this role, he loves being in control and his security depends on this superior feeling. This dominance over Nora is further shown to the audience in the games he plays with her and moreover in the way he holds financial control, he holds the purse strings, therefore has the power. He dresses Nora up and makes her dance the tarantella at a party, then on their return proceeds to tell her, "I pretend to myself that you're my secret mistress" this shows he treats his wife with little respect, regard and is very arrogant in his approach to her.
- Word count: 993
Later that day Nora's old friend Mrs Christine Linde visits her. Mrs Linde also treats Nora like a child. In retaliation to this Nora proves she is not a child by revealing her great secret. She tells Mrs Linde of how she saved her husbands life by taking out a loan to pay for him to go to Italy. Mrs Linde is shocked because she knows the trouble Nora may get into by taking out a loan without the permission of a man in her family. Mrs Linde asks Nora if she may be able to persuade Helmer to offer her a job as he has now become the manager of a bank.
- Word count: 1275
Through this deficiency of companions he developed a grudge against mankind, and gradually a hate for all living things. He turned his malevolence to his work, and made a new doll, the One Doll. Into this doll he poured his spite and malice, his decadent mind. To this doll he gave a life. Eventually, loneliness was said to have destroyed him, and as the tax collector was visiting his house one damp morn, he found, to his absolute horror, the doll-maker, knife in hand, throat slit from ear to ear and surrounded by hundreds of china smiles. One of these beaming jaws was particularly wide, the nearest one to the slain and the only one without sleek, jet-black hair.
- Word count: 1345
Nora and Torvald both fell in love with the conceptions of each other, not their real selves. It turns out to be money that drives the relationship especially in Nora's case as she was constantly trying to get money and wishing for a richer lifestyle. It is not an equal relation ship as seen in an idyllic world because Torvald does not see Nora as a equal but as a lesser being, a role to which Nora submits to. Question 2) In the dialogue when Nora plays flirtatiously with Dr Rank we can see her character in more depth and see potential flaws.
- Word count: 760
Chief among these characters, however, is Nora. The wife of Torvald Helmer, Nora has her life made for her. She has more than enough money due to her husband's appointment to a high level banking position. She has three lovely children that, in the Victorian spirit, she rarely sees. She has a beautiful house, complete with maid and nanny, and she has a secret. Though Nora seems to be the perfect Victorian wife- dependant upon Torvald for everything to the point that her definition of freedom becomes "To be free, absolutely free. To spend time playing with the children.
- Word count: 825
The roles of men and women are defined by the cultural conventions and expectations of their society, and those who challenge these expectations may face personal crisis - Discuss this statement with reference to Ibsen's A Doll House.
Society's expectations were what every household took into consideration and strictly followed. If this was not done the family and the family name would be looked upon with shame. In Ibsen's A Doll House the roles of Nora and Torvald are defined by the cultural conventions and expectations of society. They too are trying strictly too follow these expectations and Torvald is seen as the man of the house as Nora is the little house wife. Nora and Torvald challenge these expectations and therefore are faced with personal crisis. Nora's role in A Doll House reflects off society's expectations, but as the play progresses she is known to have challenged these ideologies and therefore she faces her own personal crisis.
- Word count: 1716
There can be no freedom or beauty about a home life that depends on borrowing and debt. [...]" (Ibsen, page 4). Torvald is explaining to Nora that a happy home must be one that is debt-free, he fears that society will find out that they are in debt and they will no longer appear to have a happy home. At the beginning of the play, money is of great importance to Nora; she is a spender rather than a saver and is constantly asking Torvald for money. As the play progresses, Nora's true inner nature shines through; she comes to the realization that money can buy her numerous things, but money cannot buy her true love or happiness.
- Word count: 1344
She is, 'proud and happy', when she thinks of how she made her mother's life easier towards the end. She is condescending towards Nora because Nora has not, 'known much trouble or hardship', in her life and she often tells Nora that she is a child. Although, when she comes into the Helmer's home, she has nothing. She feels, 'unutterably empty....nobody to live for anymore', and she is bitter because of her position. She has no money, children and her husband is dead, '...not even a broken heart to grieve over.'
- Word count: 1445
This is only because I have never been able to have the woman in my dreams, so I figured, "why try, if she will never come to you." Why do you think I have never been able to find love? Am I an arrogant and very unpleasant person, or is it the contraire? I suppose it does not matter now, it is the past and there is where it will stay, where I will stay. As a memory, as a ghost who once was one of your dearest friends, or so I hope.
- Word count: 1093
In comparison, Kafka begins Metamorphosis presenting Gregor as a giant bug whose family accepts this as a treatable illness anticipating a recovery. A Doll House begins with a conversation between Nora and Torvald. Torvald frequently refers to her by play names, as if she were a child. Nora is his "little lark twittering" (43), his "squirrel" (43), his little "spendthrift" (44), his "little scatterbrains" (44), and his "little prodigal" (45). The lark and the squirrel are animals that are very vulnerable to death and injury, just as Nora is.
- Word count: 1632
The use of the word tragic describes the always destructive cause of the character involved. In "A Doll's House", by Henrik Ibsen, Nora Helmer is a tragic heroine from the beginning of the play to when the final door slams shut. Ibsen is able to depict her as such through the themes, motifs, and overall plot of the play. "We are no longer living in the age of Shakespeare...what I desired to depict were HUMAN BEINGS, and therefore I would not let them talk the language of the gods."
- Word count: 1806