Traffic congestion in Paris

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Traffic Congestion in Paris                

Paris has an estimated population of 12.1 million. In such a large city, traffic congestion is one of the many problems faced by commuters, residents and tourists alike. This essay aims to outline the main causes of traffic congestion, what effects this has on the city and any solutions to these problems.

There are many causes of traffic congestion in Paris. For example, Paris is a much planned out city and therefore has only 1 million parking spaces for the 1.5 million cars entering the central business district (CBD) daily. This makes people park their cars illegally which causes traffic blocks and congestion. Many tourists visit Paris to enjoy some retail therapy and there are many department stores. They are usually situated in the middle of central Paris and are busy all the time. There are many people going in and out of the shops and this is another cause of congestion. La Defence is in the west side of Paris with many offices and shops, it is a main office district. Many people travel to work in cars so it is very busy and buzzing all the time. But it is also well supplied by public transport so more and more people are opting to use this. There are also people waiting to get to meetings etc. so they are more prone to driving too fast and causing accidents therefore holding up traffic. Ile de la cite is an island in the centre of Paris and was Paris’ original settling place. It is vastly visited by tourists who drive through the city centre and case traffic. They also take buses which are very large and also are very polluting. There are many shops and other businesses in the centre of Paris and the delivery lorries are a problem as they block the road when the park in front of the shop. The river seine runs through Paris’ city centre, the map above shows this. Although there are many bridges connecting the city, it is still likely to be congested in this area as people want to reach the CBD from a more residential area. Paris was planned upon the basis of looking beautiful rather than the basis of practicality. This means that the roads are very old, narrow and are even cobbled. In Paris there are many road intersections and one way systems, this means there is traffic lights causing excess slowing down of traffic.

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The effects of traffic congestion are also very major. For example, the rate of asthma has also increased considerably due to pollution from traffic congestion. Matthew, a disgruntled roller-skater, said “On a windy day the air is not too bad but when there is no wind and you get stuck behind a car or lorry exhaust pipe it’s awful.” Also industrial activity and agriculture have been pushed to the suburbs as they take up too much space. The old industries in the inner city are slowly being demolished and new housing is being made in their place.  Another effect of ...

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