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GCSE: USA 1919-1941

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  1. Why was there an economic boom in the USA in the 1920s?

    This meant that the USA did not have to make cars individually at expensive costs in a long time. The demand for cars also increased in this way, as there was now a greater supply of them at lower costs. The mass production demanded a larger number of workers, therefore reducing the unemployment numbers, allowing an economic boom. Since the demand for cars had been increased, many Americans were to be able to buy a car now, and pay off existing loans later, through the use of credit. Any person, even immigrants or black people in inner cities and the countryside could borrow money to buy luxurious goods and items which they could never afford without this new development.

    • Word count: 1298
  2. Roosevelt's New Deal

    These two measures (the Emergency Banking Act and the Securities Exchange Commission) did help to boost people's confidence. Raymond Moley (one of Roosevelt's advisers) said "When people were able to survive the shock of having all the banks closed, and then see the banks open up again, with their money protected, there began to be confidence." After this, The Federal Emergency Relief Administration attended the critical needs of the poor, by spending 500 million dollars of soup kitchens, blankets, employment schemes and nursery schools. Another organisation; The Civilian Conservation Corps, was aimed at unemployed young men.

    • Word count: 1299
  3. why was there an economic boom in the 1920's

    The first of these 5 main causes was the growing strength of the American industry meant that t*t was the leading producer of raw materials. The US was a large country that was rich in natural resources, so it didn't have to rely on imports. The population and home market was growing too. The US had massive steel, coal and textile industries, and was the leading oil producer. It also excelled at developing new technologies such as motor cars, telephones and electric lighting.

    • Word count: 1203
  4. Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal

    Immediately he started addressing the problems of the depression. He called his new schemes the New Deal. During the Depression thousands of Americans lost their jobs for many reasons; banks and businesses were shutting down because of a variety of reasons. First of all, most business manufactured consumer goods that would only be bought once, such as fridges and cars. When every one had bought one that wanted to, no products were being purchased so no more money was to be made. Also, because so many people couldn't afford to buy anything, businesses and shops were going bankrupt.

    • Word count: 1269
  5. America question 4

    Stalin had said "we are 50 to 100 years behind the advanced countries. Either we make good the difference in 10 years or they crush us", he wanted the country to rapidly industrialise. There were two aspects of Stalin's plans. The first was to modernise the economy and the second to control the people to improve food production and increase production. In order to achieve his first aim he came up with two five year plans which were to help the development of the USSR. The plans for this were drawn up by the GOSPLAN, this was the committee for economic planning in the Soviet union.

    • Word count: 1688
  6. Prohibition: Which of these two sources is more reliable as evidence against prohibition?

    He has nothing to gain by writing this source as truthfully as he can however by writing false information he could have lost everything. This source is actually a letter written by Rockerfeller in 1932 before the abolishment of prohibition (due to the small volumes being allowed to be produced legally). This source was also written in during the era of prohibition which meant that John D Rockerfeller had actually seen what had been happening because of prohibition at the time and hence it also made him a witness of the effects.

    • Word count: 1068
  7. Al Capone was viewed by the authorities in the USA as Public Enemy Number One. Do the sources, and your own knowledge of the US society in the 1920s and 1930s, support this view?

    A source of alcohol came from Al Capone who was smuggling it into the USA from over the Canadian borders. This meant that the public would not view as an enemy, the person who was supplying them alcohol. In this case, Capone was not killing people directly and in a way he was saving people. If he had not supplied this safe alcohol, people would have resorted to drinking bath tub gin which was dangerous and killed many people. However, he charged high prices for his safe alcohol; almost triple the normal cost!

    • Word count: 1717
  8. Presidents in the 1920s USA

    To pay for these tax cuts, Coolidge proposed reciprocal reductions in federal expenditures and retiring some of the federal debts. Herbert Hoover was elected president in 1929. Like Coolidge he thought that the government should interfere as little as possible in people's lives. He believed in what he called 'rugged individualism'; people working hard for themselves, and not relying on the government for help. During presidency Hoover expanded civil service coverage; cancelled private oil leases on government lands, and led the way of prosecution of gangster Al Capone by instructing the justice department and the internal revenue service to go after gangsters for tax evasion.

    • Word count: 1866
  9. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 election?

    Born in1874, Herbert Hoover lost both his parents before he was eleven years old. Brought up by his uncles he left school to become an office boy and at 18 went to university where he worked hard and became a well respected mining engineer and humanitarian administrator . As a United States Commerce Secretary in the 1920s under Presidents Harding and Coolidge, he promoted economic modernization and became an important figure amoungst the government and Republican Party. In the presidential election of 1928 Hoover had easily won the Republican nomination and the nation was prosperous and optimistic, leading to a landslide for Hoover over Democrat Al Smith.

    • Word count: 1071
  10. Did the New Deal help all sections of America? How far was Roosevelt responsible for this?

    All these groups of people needed help from the New Deal to get out of the depression and the mess they were in, but did they get it? The economy was in a terrible state. No one was investing or keeping their bank accounts so the congress realised that drastic measures had to be taken. Roosevelt demanded extra powers to take action quickly, the senate and House of Representatives gave him the same powers as if the country had been invaded.

    • Word count: 1476
  11. Interpretatios of the new deal

    Source three was written by men workers. They thought work fro them was good and was a fair pay. Source 3 supports FDR because it was Roosevelt who created millions of jobs in the New Deal and helped to pay minimum wages to the forgotten men and the poor. The New Deal bought demands for better working conditions and workers rights. Source 4 also supports FDR. Source 4 is painting by William Gropper who was an artist paid by Works Progress Administration. The mural shows how the New Deal was putting Americans back to work in useful construction projects.

    • Word count: 1413
  12. How effective was the New Deal in tackling the economic problems of the 1930's?

    As soon as Roosevelt was inaugurated he faced and economic crisis, Leuchtenburg states that on the day of his inauguration "forty states had closed their banks, and banks operated on a restricted basis in the rest."2 Roosevelt set upon this task of reopening the banks with confidence and vigour, he and his team worked hard with their predecessors and less than eight days since FDR's inauguration the Emergency Banking Bill was passed through congress and the next day the banks reopened.

    • Word count: 1241
  13. Why did Prohibition Fail?

    The Bolshevism community within the Russian revolution thrived on the use of alcohol, which created lawlessness in society. Russia was one of many countries which introduced Prohibition, known as the "Suhoy Zakon", but America wanted to prevent the act of communism within society, which created the final amendment stated. Politicians backed the Prohibition act due to the fears of communism, but with the added bonus of rural votes for the Politicians involved, as this was a strong view present in rural states. Prohibition was present from the 1920's up to the year of 1933, but why did Prohibition fail?.

    • Word count: 1495
  14. Study Sources A and B. How far do these two accounts agree about Prohibition?

    and also '...Prohibition into big, violent business (Source B).' This shows that each of these sources both agree that banning alcohol was a bad thing, as it increased organised crime and made the streets of America much more dangerous. The Sources also agree that people might not fully carry out the Prohibition law, and take matters into their own hands. This is because each of the Sources states that people would go around the law to find ways of securing themselves alcohol.

    • Word count: 1039
  15. The borderlands

    The majority of the weapons and supplies for the Revolution were brought in the United States. The border cities in the United States became the chief suppliers of guns to the Revolution. This form trade was illegal and mainly done on the Black Market. The legal trade that existed before the Revolution disappeared with the outbreak of war. Mexico had closed the border during the conflict to prevent the supply of arms. The United States had also tried to stop the flow of arms but not successful. Eventually the United States had sent troops to the region when the fighting spilled over the border.

    • Word count: 1624
  16. Does the evidence of source C support the evidence of sources A and B about Jarrow?

    This means that many people had to suffer; obviously many people had lost their jobs. The photograph was taken in 1932 which was around the time that the description of Jarrow was written, it was a year after author said that everything had gone bankrupt. You can see that the men in source C are unemployed because they are wearing their own clothes. As they are not dressed in work clothes they are most likely to be unemployed. The source tells me that they are poor as I can see a man with trousers that are too small for him.

    • Word count: 1795

    [B] Study Sources C and D. Were the artists of these two posters for or against Prohibition? Looking at both sources and when they were published I noticed that they were both from before the prohibition so obviously this is trying to get prohibition in America because there wouldn't be posters against prohibition even if it hadn't been put through law yet. Also looking at the first source, source C, there's a man giving his weeks wages for some alcohol and a sub picture of his poor family with a quote saying "it keeps its families and members always poor".

    • Word count: 1710
  18. USA 1919 - 1941 Coursework, Question No.1, Why has America of the 1920s been described as the 'Roaring Twenties?'

    Therefore as the 1920s was a huge success in between these two times it stood out as the 'Roaring Twenties.' Compared to the 1910s, the 1920s was a modernising time for America. The USA had advertised to the world after the war. This advertising reinforced the view that America was the 'land of opportunity' where all could prosper from nothing if they worked hard enough. America had introduced great freedom and equality for all, or at least they had tried to, and now this was also being offered to the possible immigrants from around the world, now in a bad situation after the war.

    • Word count: 1052
  19. In what ways did prohibition change US society in the 1920’s?

    was being transported and smuggled in through the US' vast net work of roads and rail lines and over 18,000 miles of coastline where rum runners unloaded their boats gave the agents an almost impossible task when also added to the fact they had to check over people's medical prescription to make sure they didn't contain alcohol of more than the allowed limit. Furthermore the general public were able to buy home brew kits in their local hardware store, this lead to a increase in moonshining, where the normal people of America were producing their own alcohol illegally, if the

    • Word count: 1060
  20. Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    The support for a ban had grown steadily since they started campaigning for action and in 1908 there were already five 'dry' states in America the first of these was Kansas in 1879. The prohibition leaders believed that once license to do business was removed from the breweries, the churches and reform organizations would enjoy an opportunity to persuade Americans to give up drink. This opportunity would occur unchallenged by the drink businesses in whose interests it was to urge more Americans to drink more alcohol.

    • Word count: 1671
  21. What were the causes and the consequences of the wall street crash

    They could not export the excess to other countries as the tariffs the Americans had come up with were now being placed on their items as well. This meant that they could not export the excess goods. Overproduction caused companies to stop making money and as a result many business men began to speculate that the share prices of companies would begin to fall. This caused everybody who had shares to begin to sell them rapidly. Although the autumn of 1929 had seen the largest amount of share buying the attitude swiftly changed from "buy buy buy" to "sell sell sell".

    • Word count: 1643
  22. the effects of the Depression upon the people of Jarrow. I think that the sources are helpful and this is what I am going to prove in this essay.

    The report describes a very run-down and dingy house, the origin of the source is clear (It is a Jarrow Health Committee report therefore it would probably have been reliable), the purpose of this report was probably because every time a health check was carried out a report would have had to been published to show what was found. I think this source is useful to show the effects of the depression upon the people of Jarrow because it shows us exactly what this family lived like and it was not a very pleasant description.

    • Word count: 1045
  23. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    A few days later Roosevelt said on the radio its better to put your money in your bank than leave it at home. People believed in him and this was called the "Fireside chat". Starting from the next day onwards people started to put money back into banks. The bank crisis is over. To help more, Roosevelt next act is to cut the amount of money spent by the government to help the unemployed. On the 15th March Roosevelt asked the congress to vote for a Economy act.

    • Word count: 1280
  24. The New Deal was not a complete success. Explain how far you agree with this statement

    It was the Second World War that finally put Americans back to work. There was great opposition to the principle of Federal government interference. Many businesses would not co-operate. Many huge corporations still had immense power, despite the New Deal. Support for trade unions caused great industrial unrest. For the New Deal to take place it came across a number of enemies. They were the businessmen and press barons criticising Roosevelt for interfering with the freedom of business and industry.

    • Word count: 1423
  25. The New Deal Coursework

    He went straight into action and the day after his inauguration and closed all of America banks so that they could be inspected. Four days later he opened five thousand safe and trustworthy banks. These two measures were known as the Emergency Banking act and the Securities Exchange. This was only a taster of what the New Deal had in store for America and there was a lot more to come. During the "Hundred Days", Roosevelt also came up with what was known as the "Alphabet Agencies". An example of one of these agencies was the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

    • Word count: 1739

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