In section A the four sources provide us with economic information about the state of the coalfield during 1919-39.
Section A In section A the four sources provide us with economic information about the state of the coalfield during 1919-39. In source A1 it tells us that ships started using oil instead of coal so not as much money was being made. It also tells us that coal was getting more difficult to get out and they couldn't buy machinery because they weren't making enough money. These are some of the reasons why the coal industry collapsed. During 1904 over 30% of the worlds coal exports were produced by Wales but it then dropped to 3% by 1929. Britain's coal exports went down by two thirds between 1920 and 1921.by 19 35 nearly 50% of Merthyr's population was unemployed. About 45% had no work in the eastern part of south Wales. In source A2 it shows us that, during 1923 Wales provided 54,252 million tons but went down quite quickly and by 1934 Wales only produced 33,173 million tons. Its Exports were about the same change; it went from 35,768 million in 1923 to 19,673 million in 1934 Source A3 shows us that unemployment increased dramatically from 1923-1939. The amount of unemployment in 1923 was only about 25,000 and then increased rapidly by 1932 where the unemployment rate was about 150,000. It also shows us that 1932 was the year with the most amounts of unemployed people. In source A4 it tells us that the Welsh population went down 0.3 millions, it went from 2.7 millions in
Roosevelt's New Deal
History Coursework Assignment 1: Roosevelt's New Deal ) Explain the main features of the New Deal In 1933, Roosevelt was elected President of the USA. He was a democrat. In his election campaign, he attacked the attitudes of Hoover and the Republicans and made 16 major speeches promising the American people a New Deal, which was a number of organizations set up to restore America's prosperity. In his New Deal Roosevelt decided to use the full power of the government to get the USA out of depression. This Democratic government was a huge contrast to the Republican policy of 'Laissez faire' by which the government stayed out of business issues and of the everyday lives of the American people. Roosevelt knew that the American people were fed up with Hoover's attitudes, as America was still stuck in the Depression. Hoover, a Republican, who was the previous president, believed that America was just going through a bad period and that industry, agriculture and employment would all rise sooner or later without government interference. However, the Democrats and, by 1933, the ordinary American citizens could see that this was not the case. Roosevelt's priorities when he was elected were: getting the Americans back to work; protecting their savings and property; providing for the sick, old and unemployed and getting American industry and agriculture back on their feet.
the effects of the Depression upon the people of Jarrow. I think that the sources are helpful and this is what I am going to prove in this essay.
In this essay I am looking into how useful Sources D and E are in helping me to show the effects of the Depression upon the people of Jarrow. I think that the sources are helpful and this is what I am going to prove in this essay. First looking at source D which is part of a report from the Jarrow Public Health Committee and was published in 1933. At this time something called the "Means Test" was in place, the means test was where if taxes could not be paid then pieces of furniture or in fact any possessions could be taken off you in order to pay this. You would have had someone look around your house to see if anything could be used to pay off your debt, for example, if their were 4 people living in a flat and that family had 6 chairs, 2 of these would be taken to be sold to help with the payments. The report describes a very run-down and dingy house, the origin of the source is clear (It is a Jarrow Health Committee report therefore it would probably have been reliable), the purpose of this report was probably because every time a health check was carried out a report would have had to been published to show what was found. I think this source is useful to show the effects of the depression upon the people of Jarrow because it shows us exactly what this family lived like and it was not a very pleasant description. For example, "There is a broken sofa, a wooden table, two
Were the artists of these two posters for of against Prohibition?
Sean B.C Question B Were the artists of these two posters for of against Prohibition? Sources C and D both give clear evidence that supports the idea the artists were for Prohibition. Source C shows us the artist was for Prohibition. We have evidence from the slogan at the top of the page which says "The poor mans club, the most expensive in the world to belong to". We know this could be true because it shows a man handing a pouch of money over to the barman, also in a circle at the bottom, a family starving and the mother saying "The poor mans club - it keeps its men and their families always poor". This backs up the slogan and shows us that the artist is trying to make the point clear, that saloons and alcohol ruins family lives. We also see the pouch of money being handed over is actually labelled "week's wages". This indicates this man has spent all his hard earned money from the week, on alcohol at the saloon. The last thing we see which refers directly to poverty, is the statement at the bottom which says "slaves of the saloon". It links poverty to slaves and slaves to the saloon it basically means, they are bound by the saloon, just like a slave is bound to their master. Overall, I think this artist was 100% behind the idea of Prohibition and thought it would definitely work. As well as source C, source D has some very similar and
How successful was the New Deal insolving the problems of the depression in the USA?
How successful was the New Deal in solving the problems of the depression in the USA? In this essay I am going to discuss how successful the new deal was in solving the problems in the USA. In 1929 the president Herbert Hoover was the Republican candidate. The USA was booming with the stock at a high. There was no doubt he would win the election because America was doing financially well until the war street crash happened. It happened because Hoover didn't inform the people about the stock market therefore the public got worried and started pulling out of the stock market and causing depression in America. Hoover was unable to stop the depression. In 1932 the presidential election was held. Hoover didn't help the public and a new opponent was up against him in the elections. Franklin D Roosevelt (FDR) main characteristics won over the people over America for the good because of this he won the election by 7 million votes. FDR had promised the Americans a new deal. It wasn't clear what this was but a FDR was willing to use government. (Gov.) to get the US out of depression. His priorities were to get Americans back to work, to protect their monies and belongings, provide benefits for the sick, old or unemployed and basically getting America back on the road to recovery. In his first hundred days of election he did masses. He worked everyday to prove to America that he was
'The New Deal was not a complete success.' Explain how far you agree with this statement.
(c) 'The New Deal was not a complete success.' Explain how far you agree with this statement. The New Deal was a programme set up to help America recover from its problems. To find out if it was not a complete success 1 must evaluate the failures and the successes. The New Deal was set up to help America recover, which it did. The depression stopped getting worse and things started to get better. The New Deal set up work programmes such as the Workers Progress Administration (WPA); these agencies provided work to thousands of people. It allowed people to have self-confidence and respect. The agencies helped the workers to provide their families with food and shelter, if the New Deal were not created many would have lost their homes due to rent payments. These agencies built important and worthwhile building that were useful to a wide range of people. These include hospitals, schools, playgrounds, and roads. These improvements made America look better to the other countries; they were proving that even though they were in a depression they could make their cities look great. These improvements attracted tourists and more workers to the cities. The tourists were good as they were spending money in the shops and the workers were useful because the more workers without jobs, the more buildings could be made. The New Deal gave temporary jobs because as soon as the war started
the new deal
The New Deal In 1933, America had its biggest economical problem. Franklin D Roosevelt planned to use the full power of the government to get the United States out of the depression. He wanted to get Americans back to work, protect their savings and property, provide relief for the sick, old and unemployed and get American industry and agriculture back on their feet. This is when he introduced the new deal. Franklin D Roosevelt had a tem of advisors called the 'brains trust' they came with a range of sweeping measures. One of the main problems was the loss of confidence in the banks of the American people. Franklin D Roosevelt got all the banks to close; he then checked them, then only 50,000 (trustworthy banks) were allowed to reopen. This helped the people because it protected their savings and property. Also in America Franklin D Roosevelt also used 'fireside chats' in his radio programs and 60 million Americans would listen to him and get tuned in. The new deal was a bunch of acts that would be followed to stop the 'depression' and to make sure 'the wall street crash' would never happen again. It came into action in 1933. The new deal had many different features: The Federal Relief Agency (FRA) was the government giving money to the poor by spending $500 million on soup kitchens, blankets, employment schemes and nursery schools. This helped people who lived in poverty
Why was Prohibition Introduced In The U.S.A In 1919?
Why was Prohibition Introduced In The U.S.A In 1919? Prohibition was the ban of manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors in the United States between 1920 and 1933. It was introduced in the U.S.A in 1919 due to many different reasons such as creating problems to the society. However, the issue of drinking and the alcoholic problems were raised long before 1919. They started in the middle of the 19th century when women opposed men drinking. The law against the sale and transportation of alcohol in America was passed by congress in 1917 due to the 18th amendment, which didn't take place until the midnight of January 16, 1920. Soon after the amendment was passed, the National Prohibition Act or the Volstead Act, which is named after Andrew J. Volstead (who introduced it) was put into effect in 1919. The Volstead Act made Prohibition more specific and detailed. It laid down guidelines for the enforcement of the Prohibition laws and clarified that anything contained over 0.5% alcohol was now intoxicating liquor and illegal. Exceptions were the alcohol uses for hospitals or industries. There were several reasons why Prohibition was introduced. One of the origin causes was that women complaint that men spent too much time and money on alcoholic drinks. It was probably the first concern about alcohol during the 1850s. At the time, brewing was a big and powerful
why did prohibtion fail question B
C/W Was prohibition bound to fail? 22/06/09 Question b: The two posters identify and exploits FOR prohibition. They both refer to families suffering from their fathers or husbands in the saloon; drinking and washing away the families money on alcohol; which was introduced in 1920 before prohibition. In source c shows us a picture of a man's hands over a bag of "week wages"; also in the picture you can see the slogan saying "The poor man's club"; the saloon is well named for this. The author used slogans, and over exaggerated the picture to influence the people for prohibition; it is also clear that the author feels family is very important, which is why they feel prohibition it a good thing. In the picture of source c it shows one mans family made poor from the saloons, he is practically comforting on the table with no food, because of his addiction to alcohol; causing these 'slaves' to spend. Source d shows two poor little children looking at the saloon; at the top of the picture it says "daddy's in there" meaning their father is in their wasting possibly their school money; this trying to indicate not to do what they are doing and secure the money for other things e.g. clothing, food, and better shelters. This is why I think that to some extent the artists are against prohibition created 'speakeasies' which were more expensive than normal saloons and would
Life got better for many Americans in the 1930s. How far was Roosevelt responsible for this, or was it due to other factors? Explain your
Life got better for many Americans in the 1930s. How far was Roosevelt responsible for this, or was it due to other factors? Explain your answer. On the 4th March 1933, Franklin D Roosevelt was sworn into Presidency in America. In his first speech as President, he pointed to the huge problems facing America. There were approximately 14 million citizens facing unemployment, 25 percent of the working population. Many banks during this time were closing due to the fact they had no money. Roosevelt had his priorities; these were relief, recovery and reform. This meant getting Americans back to work, protecting their savings and property, providing relief for the sick, the old, and the unemployed, but also to get American industry and agriculture back on their feet. To face the problem of banks closing, Roosevelt introduced the Emergency Banking Act: he ordered the closure of all banks for a one-day public holiday. After, he opened 5000 trustworthy banks which were under the support of the American Government concerning money, which meant that if no other money was available, government money would be used in the banks. Roosevelt's advisors also came up with a set of regulations which would prevent reckless speculation, which would prevent the situation that contributed to the Wall Street Crash. These were together called the Emergency Banking Act, and the Securities Exchange