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GCSE: USA 1919-1941

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  1. Which of these sources is the more useful to an historian studying the impact of the New Deal on the USA? Source E shows us the percentage of workers unemployed in the USA 1929-39.

    Up to 1933 unemployment was rising in the constant spiral of depression. Businesses had to close down due to lack of consumer confidence and the people that took loans from banks to buy shares, lost their money as share values plummeted. So the people were unable to pay back the loans, and the fact that they were unemployed certainly did not help. In source E we can see that the percentage of unemployed workers dropped after 1933, and this is because that was the year in which the Alphabet Agencies were introduced, which created jobs, much like Hitler's idea of the work schemes.

    • Word count: 665
  2. The new deal was not a complete success." Explain how far you agree with this statement. The New Deal had three aims Relief, which was to help with unemployment

    From a member who was sacked from the government in 1936, Raymond Moley, explained that Roosevelt did not follow any particular policy after 1936, their own economy began to slide downhill and the unemployment once again began to increase, but he claims the democrats were not willing to admit, he continues to explain, he felt it was the War who saved the economy and that saved Roosevelt. Yet Harold Ickes who was a close supported or Roosevelt, in 1940 explained, it was their (them being the country)

    • Word count: 2008
  3. Did Roosevelt's upbringing, background and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans? Explain your answer

    Roosevelt came from a very wealthy background, born in 1882 to wealthy parents, he was an only child. He went to an expensive private school and then on to Harvard university. The fact that Roosevelt was blessed with such a wealthy background later posed questions that he could not possibly understand the situations which millions of Americans were being faced with. Personally I don't think Roosevelt did understand ordinary Americans. I think this because he had come from a background which was extremely sheltered from the outside world, he was also educated privately.

    • Word count: 579
  4. ''The boom of the 1920's did not benefit all Americans''. Explain how far you agree with this statement.

    It was a new and very comfortable life style. There were new consumer goods being produced all the time, and people who couldn't normally afford them were able to buy them on credit and pay off the price over a period of time, paying a little bit back each month. Large business owners found tax cuts saving some of them over $400,000. The government thought that buy cutting tax prices there would be more profit in the companies, meaning that the profit would pass down the company and all would benefit.

    • Word count: 1766
  5. "The New Deal was not a complete success". I believe this statement is a true statement to describe the New Deal because it wasn't a complete success. In fact it was a success although it was not a complete success

    Whereas Hoover was called a 'do nothing president' the American people lost a lot of faith. Therefore Roosevelt restored the faith in the government by helping them out. Secondly, millions of people where given work in government projects they set up. Roosevelt established the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), Public Works Administration (PWA) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA). All these schemes brought unemployment to a halt but not all unemployment was solved. The CCC offered short-term work to young men on conservation projects. The PWA gave men jobs to re-build roads, schools etc. Even though the PWA helped to solve unemployment that wasn't its intention, it was only really meant to construct schools, hospitals and other public buildings.

    • Word count: 828
  6. To what extent did Prohibition in the 1920's change the American lifestyle?

    Prohibition was enforced at Midnight on 16th January 1920. It was the temperance movement that put the most pressure on the government as well as the Women's Christian Temperance Movement and the Anti-Saloon League. The two latter of the groups campaigned primarily in the rural areas. They threatened to not vote for political candidates if they didn't support the prohibition. The churches and the small towns supported the Anti-Saloon League. It was said that Prohibition would reduce drunkenness, poverty and crime.

    • Word count: 535
  7. The effects of Industrialization and globalisation.

    So, Western industrialization was spurred both by the quest for prosperity and for self-defense. In the words of President Eisenhower, we in the West were building "a military industrial complex." During this epoch of rapid industrial growth Westerners started to change their values. The idealism of leaders like Truman and Churchill was overtaken by the desperate rush to acquire material possessions. Americans began to believe that happiness could be purchased. We polluted other countries with what Ullrich refers to as the "European myth" that material wealth brought happiness.

    • Word count: 3156
  8. I am going to look at both sides of why Roosevelt won the election of 1932. 1932 was a time of panic in American society, as they had just had the Wall Street crash which was straight after the economic boom

    The citizens had lost everything. Evictions were happening all over America. People had to go and live in shanty houses they called these Hooverville after the president because he did not to anything to try and solve the problems and cracks that were opening in America. There were also Hoover blankets as these were cardboards blankets that people had over them to try and keep warm, America was getting killed and the president was doing nothing about it. People thought that the way Hoover dealt with the bonus marches were horrible because of the crash people wanted the money that

    • Word count: 824
  9. Roosevelt and The New Deal

    In 1932, 13 million people were out of work and evictions became more common. Hoover even told a newspaper reporter, "Nobody's actually starving." Many of the ordinary people were disgusted with the way that Hoover was running the country, so when Franklin D Roosevelt was introduced as a candidate, they were glad, as they saw him as someone who could help them out of this slump. This is nicely summed up by a quote "In 1932, a Chinaman or a monkey could have been elected against him [Hoover], no question about it."1 Roosevelt's attitude was very different to that of Hoover and the Republicans.

    • Word count: 2488
  10. History Coursework on Prohibition Source A is aptly named "Slaves of the saloon". It shows a man handing over what we guess is

    The Anti-Saloon League and the WCTU (Women's Christian Temperance Union) were united in their fight for prohibition along with a vast number of Christian-Americans who believed that the liqueur was deadly and broke up families (as shown in Source A). Many large-scale industries were keen for prohibition to be passed, and quickly. Their logic was that their workers would work better without alcohol. By 1913 (five years before prohibition of the USA commenced) nine states had passed stateside prohibition. In thirty-one other states 'local option laws' were working - meaning that effectively over 50% of the USA was dry at this point in time.

    • Word count: 1315
  11. To what extent did all Americans benefit from the economic improvements which took place between 1919 and 1930

    Now almost every body could buy a car and anybody who worked for Henry ford could buy a car with hire purchase. As a result to the boom in car manufacture, other industries also benefited. A large quantity of gas was need to fuel cars. 65% of US leather was used in the manufacture of car seats and interior. 80% of US rubber was used in the manufacture of car seats and interior. 75% of US glass was used in the manufacture of car windows.

    • Word count: 2693
  12. Explain the main features of the New Deal Roosevelt had promised the American people a New Deal

    These agencies also created work for the unemployed. They were known as the Alphabet Agencies. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration was aimed to help the urgent needs of the poor. Over $500 million of government money was spent to prevent hunger, provide education and amenities. Another agency was the Civilian Conservation Corps which dealt to tackle the problem of unemployment. This scheme provided over 2.5 million young men with jobs. The money earned would go to the men's families which began to bring life back to the nation's trade and business.

    • Word count: 1649
  13. Why did wall street crash in 1929?In 1929, there was a complete lack of confidence in the U.S. economy, leading to many, many investors

    goods was too much for Europeans to pay. Another reason the Europeans could not afford to buy u.s. goods is because most European countries had hefty war loans they had to pay back to America, which they were struggling to pay back as it was. There was widespread poverty in the u.s.a. in the 1920's. almost 50% of American households had an average income of under $2000 p.a. this purchased only the bare essentials in life. The worst hit were the black people and new immigrants, who were highly discriminated against. Many black people lived in poverty in rural cities in america.

    • Word count: 558
  14. How Far Was The New Deal A Success By 1941?

    The shares rapidly decreased in price and inexperienced Americans panicked and sold their shares at a ridiculously low price. This caused the stock market to collapse and these changes in events struck the whole of America into a depression. The depression in America affected almost the whole of its population if not all the American people. The collapse of the stock market left millions of Americans in huge sums of debt, which they owed to the banks. A drop in wages or unemployment fuelled the problem further as Americans could not keep up their payments, which in turn affected shops and factories.

    • Word count: 3381
  15. Roosevelt And The New Deal

    Roosevelt was supported as he gave a hope to a failing country. Hoover's policies had been in effect for 3 years and had not worked. In fact they had worsened the situation. Roosevelt was the obvious choice, as he offered a new hope to every American, and most importantly new ideas, and even if they were unproven to be effective, were better than the ideas of Hoover, which had only failed. In conclusion, I believe that Roosevelt got more support in the 1932 election because he offered a new hope to the American people and he gave people the motivation they needed to reform the state that the failing country was in.

    • Word count: 4195
  16. When FDR became president twelve million people were unemployed. Eight years later, eight million people were still unemployed. Does this mean the New Deal failed?

    Whether he kept to his word and achieved his goal is what is to be discussed. One of Roosevelt's main aims was to restore American's confidence in their banking system and economy. With the Emergency Banking Act, Roosevelt closed all the banks for four days, for investigation and bank investment in the stock market and then only reopened the trustworthy ones. After this, bank failures, which had previously been ata bout 2250, were almost zero. This scheme was succesful as the confidence was regained, because as soon as the banks were reopened, $1 billion was redeposited in them.

    • Word count: 1713
  17. Why did Roosevelt introduce the New Deal

    Families lost their homes or were forced to split up when parents lost their jobs. Soon unemployed people looked for handouts of food and became a major feature of city life. Millions of destitute people wandered the streets looking for food, work or somewhere to stay, and then shantytowns were built for the homeless. By 1932 money to help the poor was running out. In June Philadelphia had to cut off relief funds to 50,000 families. The situation seemed hopeless for America.

    • Word count: 1154
  18. There are many contributing factors to why prohibition was introduced on 16 January 1920. The two factors that I have chosen to answer the question, how did they contribute to prohibition being passed as a law,

    They also said that women were the victims of drunken behaviour. It was often the case that women would be the subjects of beatings and violent behaviours towards their children. The WCTU also made the point that the women were being neglected because of the saloons. Their point was that the men would spend all of their hard-earned money in the saloons before they got home. These facts where told to the politicians by means of letters sent to them and rallies. The politicians now had to take notice of them and they couldn't ignore the fact that prohibition was a popular law to be passed.

    • Word count: 4681
  19. History Coursework: The New Deal

    Each agency had specific responsibilities to help get America back on track. The initial agencies were: Federal Emergency Relief Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, Public Works Administration (which later became the Works Progress Administration), Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the Tennessee Valley Authority. Another feature of the New Deal was the various acts passed, which were: The Emergency Banking Act, Securities Exchange Act and the National Industrial Recovery Act. The first thing Roosevelt did as part of his New Deal was to pass the aforementioned Emergency Banking Act which declared a bank holiday and closed all banks for at least 8 days.

    • Word count: 5225
  20. By the end of the First World War America was regarded as the most powerful and richest country in the world

    The Mid-West was another mainly farming region with some prosperous cities such as Chicago and the last region was the West Coast. The West Coast was the newest part of America. It was newly developed and was growing rapidly. It was also home to new hi-tech industries and began to rival the East Coast as the richest part of America. Americans utilised the land and its resources, making them very rich. Due to the large amount of farmland Americans were able to sell there left over produce for a handsome profit.

    • Word count: 3225

    As result of these surplus goods the farmers had to drop food prices to sell it and this meant income was getting lower and lower. The other reason connected to the farmers overproducing was the fact that World War 1 had ended which meant they had to stop selling their produce to European countries as the soldiers had gone back home and would be producing their own goods, because during the First World War the European countries bought produce from America as their men were out in the front.

    • Word count: 1334
  22. The New Deal was not a complete success.' Explain how far you agree with this statement.

    The role of the WPA, this act was kind of a success as well but more of a failure. It did find workers, but only some who were needed on construction projects, but this was only a short-term measure. These acts did help employment but most of them were short-term measures or emergency acts. So they weren't that of a success in solving the unemployment problem. One of the other aims of the New Deal was to rebuild the Economy; I am going to assess the successes and failures of this aim.

    • Word count: 1668
  23. I think Franklin Delano Roosevelt's 'New Deal' was responsible for this. The New Deal itself succeeded in sparking America's eventual economic recovery, it was undeniably instrumental in starting an equally important psychological recovery.

    This made him think he had a duty to help people less fortunate than him. Franklin was always willing to have a go, changing things for the good of the everybody. He was very enthusiastic. When he was young he used to go and visit an orphanage, so he saw children who were very poor. This shows he could understand people who were in a poor state. On the one hand FDR could not understand the American people through his background and upbringing. He came from a rich family, so he had no idea of what it as like to have no money at all, not have any real personal possessions.

    • Word count: 2573
  24. Do you agree with the view that the main consequence of the prohibition was to stimulate organized crime

    by the Gangsters, which overpowered most of the authorities- this showing how powerful and extreme organized crime had become in the major cities of the north. Since Alcohol was no longer readily available, ordinary citizens, who were undisturbed by the act, "it wasn't a hanging matter" (source 4) just turned to the gangsters and the organised criminals who supplied, otherwise stated as a "dirty trick" in source 4, the hard liquor and spirits in concentrated quantities, such as 'moonshine', as it was much easier to obtain and transport (trying to avoid being caught), thus being less expensive then less concentrated alcohol such as beer.

    • Word count: 694
  25. What were the Effects of the Great Depression in America?

    Another quote basically says that everyone was in despair from the Wall Street Crash unless they were either very, very poor and had nothing to lose or were very rich and had a hidden line of wealth. The Americans in the countryside were greatly hit by the Great Depression, especially the farmers who, didn't make enough money due to prices being lowered so dramatically.

    • Word count: 392

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