Japan-American Relations into World War II.

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Japan-American Relations into World War II

Gurnek Bassi

History 1BB3        

Student # 0342809

TA – W. Ferris

January 31, 2003

        The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese and the infamous atom bomb attack on Hiroshima, Japan by the Americans were the two pinnacles of World War II between the Japanese and Americans.  Although both of these attacks were extremely sudden and executed whilst the other country was unprepared, the events which led to the beginning of the Jap-American war had begun nine years prior.  Following in the footsteps of countries such as Germany and Italy, Japan had begun to take a more aggressive approach in raising their status in the world.  The easiest route to power is through imperialism, and therefore, Japan sought to gain power through domination of city-states of other countries, namely China.  The problem with this was that Britain also owned parts of China, and Japanese advances into China would also affect Britain rule.  The United States, being both allies to Britain and “peace-keepers” at this point in time, thought to involve themselves in this fray.  Over the next few years, a diplomatic battle was being fought between the U.S. and Japan, leading to a trade embargo, frozen funds in the two countries, and throughout Europe, and a battle for peace in China.

        In 1932, in the very beginning of the conflict, the Stimson Doctrine was written.  This doctrine, written by the Americans is basically summarizing a state of affairs going on between Japan and China.  Japan has been advancing on China, and at this point in time, the United States in absolutely neutral.  There is no intention that The U.S. wishes to involve itself in the war between China and Japan, but does want to see and end to it.  They indirectly state that they, as a member of the League of Nations, do not want a repeat of the events of World War I.  Also, as a member of the Pact of Paris, along with Japan and China, these countries should be at peace with one another.

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        Five years later, as the conflict with Japan and China pursues, President Franklin D. Roosevelt makes a proposal.  Again at the time of this proposal, The United States is still feeling the effects of World War I, and would avoid war at any cost.  Roosevelt goes as far as mentioning the Briand-Kellogg Peace Pact, which unclearly “outlaws” war.  With false hopes that war can be avoided throughout the world, Roosevelt clearly states that he will have no part in war other than to end it, and to bring upon peace.  He also stresses the fact that many countries have reduced ...

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