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AS and A Level: European Union

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  1. Anti - whaling.

    Environmental groups argue that new members feel obliged to vote in favour of Japan when decisions are being made. In order to make changes 73% of the members have to vote in favour of the proposed change. The more allies Japan and other whaling nations have in the IWC, the harder it is for the anti whaling movement. Whaling nations such as Norway and Japan state that it is vital to learn more about whales and that they therefore need to catch whales for study. They are accused of using this as an excuse. Many conservation groups argue that research can be carried out without harming the animals.

    • Word count: 609
  2. There are certain benefits to having appointed members in the House ofLords. If the members were elected a great deal of money would be spent onelections and campaigning. This money could be better spent on other importantissues. Elections are also ...

    The reason behind having appointed members is that people who are deserving should be placed in the House of Lords, this means that appointed members may be more knowledgeable than elected ones, this will be beneficial if they know how to deal with a certain issues and they may also get more work done and acts as a more effective check on the government. The House of Lords is meant to differ from the House of Commons, by having appointed members and not elected ones, this will fulfil its purpose.

    • Word count: 707
  3. An Open Letter complaining about the faults of a fan club/debate forum/assembly or community to its members.

    I am in the top 5% of posters here, because I enjoy being able to interact with deign oriented people all over the world. As a freelancer, that kind of community is very important to have. This forum is starting to take a downturn for the worse lately. I am seeing more and more immaturity and childish action on the parts of both the members and certain moderators. This forum is beginning to degrade into something we have all seen at other forums before; immature people making stupid posts and not helping anyone.

    • Word count: 633
  4. Was Imperialism a good or bad thing for the Third World?

    There are nations that have prospered after imperial control. One must remember that the United States of America, the last surviving world superpower, was once a series of British colonies, worked diligently to profit not itself but a nation across the length of an entire ocean. In one's consideration of this topic, one must also consider that Japan was once forced open to Western civilization, though not actually colonized, and is now one of the richest and most technologically advanced nations in the world. In addition, India, another former British possession, has the technology to create their own nuclear arsenal.

    • Word count: 802
  5. Explain the sources of European Law.

    signs the treaty the law concerned in it is automatically law in that country, in our country this is governed by the European Communities Act 1972. Due to this, if a member state fails to implement the legislation into its own legal system then a citizen of the state envolved may rely on that piece of legislation to help in a case EVEN though if it has not been specfically implemented into the law. This was shown in Macarthys Ltd v Smith (1980), this being the case by which Ms Smith took her employers to the European Court of Justice (ECJ)

    • Word count: 735
  6. What happened in the Iraq versus Iran war?

    What is the danger of the combination of a rogue state and terrorist groups? The danger is that because the rogue state is mischievous and destructive it could supply arms and weapons of mass destruction to the terrorist network. By doing this the rogue state is putting weapons into the hands of dangerous and untrustworthy members of society, these people are not afraid to use these weapons and they will not hesitate in using them either.

    • Word count: 282
  7. Impact Of Europe On The British Political Parties

    As early as 1951, Liberals were arguing that Britain should join the European Coal and Steel Community. The formation of the modern Lib Dems can be attributed in many ways to a split within the Labour Party in the early 1970s. In 1957 the Liberals were the only mainstream party to support Britain's entry in the EEC. They also supported the Single European Act, Amsterdam, Nice and Maastricht Treaty. A referendum was called in 1975 which saw the British political establishment split over staying in or drawing out of the Common Market.

    • Word count: 504
  8. Report outlining the advantages and disadvantages of the Single Currency

    UK may ultimately be participating the monetary union. The advantages of UK joining the monetary union as well as having single currency are: UK will know exactly how much money they will have to pay if goods are exported to another countries that have already participated the monetary union. The companies around Europe also will know exactly how much money they have to pay if they are buying the goods. The firms will not have to pay a commission when they are changing the currency.

    • Word count: 746
  9. Dear Elizabeth Dombeck,

    Senior citizens have become dangerously isolated in latter years. Without our efforts, even more of the elderly population will continue to discount the vast contribution they have to offer to society, much as stores discount merchandise for them. As older, more experienced members of the community the elderly have a responsibility to divulge their knowledge of the past to the youth of today, for it is only when we share our experiences, that we pay back our debts to society.

    • Word count: 426
  10. The New Poor Law of 1834 Coursework Assignment - source based

    It took two-years to amass the information needed for the report, Chadwick also impressed the commission with the amount of information he amassed from the London and Berkshire areas. Nassau Senior was influenced by Jeremy Bentham who believed that individuals should be allowed to sort out their own problems. In this way, in Bentham's view, the greatest possible number of people would gain the greatest amount of happiness. These views became known as Utilitarianism. The commissioners put forward the suggestion that the workhouse test should be implemented.

    • Word count: 530
  11. The Composition and Role of the Institutions of the European Union

    * The European Parliament has a veto over the appointment of the members. * It is a supra national body - membership of that body are independent of their country, they are concerned with promoting the European Union. * Each commissioner, like a government minister, has an individual portfolio and has a department of the European Civil Service working for them. Role * Key role - to propose legislation to be approved by the council of ministers.

    • Word count: 424
  12. The European Community is a group of twelve European countries that have joined together to form a market to compete economically with the United States, Japan, and other countries.

    The European Community is the one of the most successful trading blocs. As France and West Germany took the first stage toward economic unity, they agreed to share their coal and steel resources in 1950. Soon, the other nations such as Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands participated with France and West Germany's agreement. These nations established the European Coal and Steel Community together. The European Coal and Steel Community was successful in the late 1950s, and the nations established two more organizations, which are the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community.

    • Word count: 539
  13. The Maastricht Treaty

    Though, I believe that the national 'Press' of each member state of the European Union, were somewhat exaggerating the aims of the summit and this as a result, forced the leaders of member states to think about the move very seriously. Now, the main aim of the summit was to fix a definite date for the achievement of a single exchange rate. The French, along with the Germans were very keen to set an irreversible date for the introduction of a single currency.

    • Word count: 552
  14. This report compares 'Bloody Dangerous' by James Hardy an article taken from the Daily Mirror and 'Blair woos summit amid fears of split' by Ian Black an article taken from the Guardian.

    However Tony Blair is facing problems convincing the EU that they must attack Iraq. The EU fears that it could threaten world peace. The issue has been ongoing for a long time but even to date no military action against Iraq has taken place however Saddam Hussian has now allowed inspectors into Iraq to search but he has restricted their access. The Guardian article provides an in-depth understanding to the issues of the EU summit commenting on what other EU countries feel about the growing fear of war on Iraq. The article talks about how crucial it is that Iraq abides by the UN secretary council and later on mentions that all the EU states will not act on Iraq unless backed up by full UN sanctions.

    • Word count: 926
  15. The Treaty of Rome (1957) declared a common European market as a European objective with the aim of increasing economic prosperity and contributing to "an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe".

    Greece joined on 1 January 2001 and so 12 Member States introduced the new euro banknotes and coins at the beginning of this year. The successful development of the euro is central to the realisation of a Europe in which people, services, capital and goods can move freely. 12 Member States of the European Union are participating in the common currency.

    • Word count: 493
  16. Why is the British Tabloid Press dominated by stories of celebrities? Do you think that the Press Complaints Commission does enough to control this?

    You cannot open a tabloid paper without finding a story about a celebrity. There are many different types of scandal. Quite a lot of stories are to do with sex. For example, the alleged rape of Ulrika Johnson. This kind of story would catch the reader's attention and sell more papers. Another example of scandal is drug/alcohol abuse, an article, which shows this is Liam Gallagher's alleged drunken fight in Germany.

    • Word count: 381
  17. Analyse how EU membership has affected the political parties in the UK

    From 1983, they have pursued a far more pro-European stance which was one of the most crucial elements in their landslide victory in both 1997 and 2001. It was in 1997 where we saw the party support a "loose confederation of the states" and this was a particular ideal of Tony Blair, and his victory was seen as a victory for the pro-Europeans in the party, and not the more socialist, federal contingency. A good example is the caution shown to the idea of the European Single currency, which Blair has pledged to put to the nation in a referendum,

    • Word count: 731
  18. Burnaston Vs Valenciennes, battle of the car plants.

    Unfortunately they will receive no government funding for the extra project, as Derby has a high level of employment. Also it is unlikely to lift the sales of Toyota cars in the U.K so they will be paying a lot out in transportation costs over to the EU. They have the benefit of experience on their side and the fact they would only be paying 10% tax for each employee where as in France it is 45% tax a considerable amount more and they wages would be higher.

    • Word count: 579
  19. The horrors of The Ku Klux Klan

    * Most of the Ku Klux Klan were in the Southern states of America. * They would use parades, beatings, lynching and other various violent acts and methods to intimidate foreigners especially blacks! * The KKK had members that were in politics so they became a powerful political force in the 1920's.

    • Word count: 258
  20. Britain is said to have "missed the boat" when considering European Affairs in 1970. To what extent is this the case?

    However as this was not the case, Britain found that it was having decisions dumped upon her of which she could do very little about. The position adopted by the British government towards the Spaak Committee was similar to that taken towards monetary union forty years later. The British government did not rule out joining, but meanwhile reserved their position and waited and see what happened. It is worth mentioning that they expected the venture to fail. If the ECSC didn't work and failed then they would have nothing to do with it, but if it worked then they would nose in.

    • Word count: 890
  21. How The European Parliament Works

    Its decisions, positions and proceedings are published in the Official Journal of the European Communities. �Members sit in political groups in the Chamber, not in national delegations. Parliament currently has seven political groups, as well as 'non-attached' Members. Members also sit on parliamentary committees and delegations, as either full or substitute members. �Members spend one week each month at a plenary session in Strasbourg, when Parliament meets in full session. Additional two-day sittings are held in Brussels. �With the assistance of its translators and interpreters, Parliament works in the eleven official languages of the Union: Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish.

    • Word count: 445
  22. Describe and outline the functions of the Council of Ministers, European Commission and European Parliament as law making bodies.

    The qualified majority system gives larger states more votes than smaller states; the treaty of Amsterdam increased the use of this kind of voting. The treaties govern weather a particular decision needs to be unanimous or a majority. In certain circumstances a member state has a power of veto when an issue is of very important interest to their country. The European Commission consists of 20 Commissioners who are supposed to act independently of their national origin.

    • Word count: 490
  23. In the 1920´s, the League of Nations was not as successful as it should have been.

    Something similar happened with Aaland Islands, where both Sweden and Finland wanted control of it. They appealed to the League, and after studying the matter closely the League said that the islands should go to Finland, and Sweden accepted the League's ruling and war was avoided. Now, if we consider these two facts, the League was very successful and useful, and its main concern, to promote peace, was formalized. But, in my opinion, I think that in the 1920�s the League had more failures than successes. First of all because the fact of the USA creating it and then not joining it, is a huge failure and disappointment.

    • Word count: 880
  24. Team Health Check

    SCORING 5 = Strongly Agree. - Fully operational and exceeds the description. 4 = Agree. - Operational and meets all or nearly all aspects of the description, but not ideal. 3 = Slightly Agree. - Operational, but incomplete. Partially meets the description. 2 = Slightly Disagree. - Nearly operational, but some way to go. Doesn't yet really meet the description.

    • Word count: 470
  25. Discussing Gangs.

    There are some other reasons for teens joining gangs. Some of these reasons may be low self-esteem, family problems, peer pressure, respect/recognition, excitement, protection/fear, family involvement, and no discouragement to join. Some may just not be that popular and want to join a group.

    • Word count: 470

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