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How does Shakespeare use language and dramatic devices to highlight the state of mind of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in Act 1 scene 7 and Act 2 scene 2?
Also towards the end of the scene 7 we witness Lady Macbeth undermining her husband to make him feel like he is no longer a man if doesn't proceed to kill King Duncan and gain crown of Scotland. Lady Macbeth uses emotive language in contrast to her husband's logically thought out reasoning, and appeals to his sense of honour in his own masculinity by insulting it. Before Lady Macbeth enters the scene, Macbeth decides against the plan of regicide during his soliloquy.
- Word count: 2204
This dead butcher and his fiend-like queen. To what extent do you agree with Malcolms final assessment of the two protagonists?
He addresses his wife, "my dearest partner of greatness," in her first soliloquy, showing the caring intimate relationship between the two. It was unnatural for a man to think of his wife as his equal during Shakespearean times as women were seen as delicate little creatures, only fit to give birth and take care of the household. Society in this period was a patriarchal one, since men were believed to be superior to women. However, in this particular play, Lady Macbeth serves as the main influence in Macbeth's life since Macbeth initially comes to her with all his problems.
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Letter to Lady Macbeth. I am writing this letter to you to announce the wonderful news of my greatest success; I am the new Thane of Cawdor! But firstly I will tell you how this great fortune occurred and the events that had happened afterwards.
Finally we fulfilled the kings wish , we had won the great battle. I was overjoyed at our triumph. Just as we began to celebrate, the vile Norwegians took the advantage and attacked. Me and Banquo redoubled our efforts and finally won the atrocious battle. I hate battles and fighting. Harmony and peace is what I prefer however as you know it is my duty to fight for the king. Banquo and I rode home together in the scorching heat.I looked towards the heath where we were heading and I saw three unfamiliar figures.
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How Far Do You Agree With Malcolms Assessment of Macbeth as a Butcher and of Lady Macbeth as a Fiend-like Queen?
His wife reads the letter that she has been sent from Macbeth and persuades him to kill Duncan. Act 1 Scene 7, Macbeth decides to kill Duncan and this is where Macbeth begins his descent into evil, thinking only about his success. "I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition." Macbeth fights against his ill will and refuses to kill Duncan after a time of thinking to himself. He says to his wife. "We will go no further in this business." But after persuasion by his wife, he finally commits himself to perform the murder.
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This is quite an aggressive scene to start with, and sets the pace for the rest of the film. Compared to Polanski's version, this introduction offers a more up-beat feel, instead of the more sombre style of the 1971 film. The camera then pans round to a close-up of Macbeth's face whose attention is drawn to the young schoolgirls as they wander past him. He then looks at his wife who is kneeling over their dead son's grave crying. Again, another close-up, but this time of Lady Macbeth's face which at this point is not particularly attractive.
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He is there in "double trust," and therefore off guard to any possible attack (ln 12). Also, with the king's kindness he is a "new-born babe" (ln 21). This is used as a complementary metaphor, but his heavenly innocent makes him horribly ill prepared for the cold realities of a power-playing earth. Combining with accessibility, Macbeth has a "vaulting ambition" to kill Duncan (ln 27). This phrase, the final thought of the passage, serves to override many of his concerns. He says ambition "o'erleaps itself / And falls on the other," meaning that his main motivation, ambition, is so powerful that it overtakes everything else (ln 27-28).
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During the banquet, he received the news of Banquo's death but Banquo's son managed to escape. "Here had we now our country's honour roofed, were the graced person of our Banquo present."(Lines 40-41, Act 3 scene 4) This quote made by Macbeth means if only Banquo were here, all the nobility of Scotland would be under our roof. In addition, it shows he pretended he did not know Banquo had been murdered and to show the Scottish Lords his kindness and respect to Banquo even he is the King now. However, when Banquo's ghost suddenly appeared in front of him but no one could see Banquo's ghost.
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The powerful scene helps to set the eerie and supernatural atmosphere that. Instead of using the main character, Macbeth, we are faced with three strange-looking women who have hidden powers inside them. The witches introduce us to a dark, dangerous play. The witches firstly influence the mood of the play. The presence of these supernatural forces in the opening scene of the play takes care of most of the play's dramatic tension and the mounting of suspense. The line, 'When shall we three meet again?
- Word count: 1950
sentencing the Thane of Cawdor to death because he betrayed Scotland. Duncan also promotes what he sees as 'good,' "My worthy Cawdor" the positive adjective 'worthy' shows that Duncan isn't just promoting good but he is also grateful to Macbeth as well. He also promotes 'good' by giving Lady Macbeth a diamond as reported by Banquo, "this diamond he greets your wife with withal." This line draws attention because of the alliteration. Duncan is also shown as being a caring king. "O worthiest cousin" the superlative adjective "worthiest" shows that he really cares about Macbeth as he could have just said cousin or something else and that he wants to praise others.
- Word count: 820
Shakespeare uses dramatic irony from the very beginning Scene of the play and this coupled with the actions in Scene II create suspense as to whether Macbeth is a hero or a villain. In Scene I the name Macbeth is first mentioned in an intensely spooky scene where the setting is 'a desolate place' and the sound effects are of thunder and lightning. In this scary scene three ugly women are talking in rhyming couplets in which the rhyme is not disguised with iambic pentameter.
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If we kill people who commit murder, wouldn't that make us hypocrites? If we want to set a good example and teach younger generations that killing is wrong, then we shouldn't kill. We can teach that there are other ways to deal with problems without using violence. If a murderer is sentenced to a life sentence, then the sentence should carry out for the rest of their life, with no chance of release. It isn't our choice to decide who lives or who dies, because at the end of the day, were only human.
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Macbeth - directing Act 4 scene 1. What Kind of Atmosphere do you think the Witches should create in the scene?
This is good because there will be suspense as the play carries on. Furthermore, the witches should create an uncomfortable atmosphere within the audience and characters by using rhyming couplets. The use of rhyming couplets was important in the 16th century because the audience in the theatre would understand it more. The supernatural effect is purely based on Shakespeare's use of language which is rhyming words. The witches should speak short sentences to make sure the audience has the right amount of suspense that wishes them to want to know more.
- Word count: 1014
How does Shakespeare show the contrast in Lady Macbeths character between act 1 scene 5 and act 5 scene 1?
The first characters we are introduced to are the witches as they plan to meet Macbeth after the battle and tell him of his future. Macbeth details a Scottish general's rise to power, throughout the play Macbeth shows strong themes of deception, betrayal, the supernatural and sleep. Macbeth starts out a good and honest man. However he quickly shows us how power can corrupt people and how absolute power corrupts absolutely. When we first meet Lady Macbeth in act 1 scene 5 she comes across as a very dominant character that enjoys a level of power in her relationship, which at the time was unheard of.
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Gall is a bitter fluid and to ask someone or something to replace milk, a symbol of purity and nourishment of new life, is cruel and to want to be stripped of female qualities is taboo. The spitefulness of Lady Macbeth's character is further explored in more depth later when she explicitly reveals her plans to assassinate the King, who 'never shall sun that morrow see.' Shakespeare also uses words directly pointing to murder, such as the King's coming being greeted and 'provided for', referring to the assassination of the monarch.
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Looking in detail at the character of Macbeth, analyse his descent from noble Macbeth to dead butcher. In your answer you should consider:  The character/theme in question  Shakespeares use of language, imagery and
The play introduces Macbeth as a brave and noble warrior, the ultimate example of a soldier. The nobles speak of him as a fearless fighter, using animal and mythological imagery along with similes and metaphors such as 'As sparrows, eagles; or the hare, the lion' and '...the Bellona's bridegroom' to describe him. These descriptions make him seem almost god-like and imply we must expect extraordinary things from him. However as his strength and bravery are praised, his ambition and ruthlessness is also exposed.
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Discuss the characters of the witches, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth with reference to performances and depictions of the roles and the text of the play.
Nowadays witches come in many shapes and sizes depending on the persons beliefs, many people do not believe in witches in the slightest. Unlike during the 1600's when witches were blamed for even the slightest trouble they are unlikely to be now as science now explains most phenomenons. Although in less developed countries, where they do not have the modern technologies we have, even a simple card trick might scare people thinking that it is witchcraft. Macbeth has many different facets and different producers of the play have interpreted Shakespeare's original text in different ways in some plays he is a brave warrior who is ambitious and courageous "Brave Macbeth", "O valiant cousin!
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that the prophecy of him becoming King now seems a plausible idea, than the present promotion: 'The greatest is behind' (Act 1 Scene 3 Line 116). All in all, the character of Macbeth is introduced to the audience as a worthy and noble person (from the reports by the Captain in Scene Two) but one with a less virtuous side, to do with his ambition and never being satisfied with what he has, - which turn out to be his biggest weaknesses and ends up bringing about his downfall.
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The moment at which Banquo so very nearly draws his sword on an intruder which later turns out to be Macbeth,shows lots of dramatic irony, Banquo has no idea of what the audience knows. Banquo has already admitted to Fleance that he is distracted and troubled by how Macbeth has been acting lately "A heavy summons lies like lead upon me" and he is maybe thinking that it has something to do with the witches prophesy that happened to them on the way back from the war they had just been involved in the audience also already know what this is about.
- Word count: 1650
Examine Act Three Scene four of Macbeth. Explore how Shakespeare presents the characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth through language and action. Comment on the dramatic significance of the scene and audience response to the themes of the play as sh
The guests then take their seats at the table "Here I'll sit I' the midst...we'll drink a measure" Macbeth tells the guests that he will sit with them and start the drinking. From the language the audience can see that Macbeth continues to be a good host and organise his guests. The mood of the scene then turns sinister as one of the murderers enters the room, "There's blood upon thy face" Macbeth is referring to the murderer. This action in the play would intrigue the audience and build tension.
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Therefore, before even meeting Macbeth, the audience are influenced into positive opinions of him. The point in the play where everything changes for Macbeth quickly occurs, however, when he meets the Witches. Immediately, after seeing Macbeth the Witches provoke him with 'All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, thane of Glamis!', 'All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, thane of Cawdor' and 'All hail, Macbeth thou shalt be King hereafter!' The complimentary language used by the Witches shows their manipulative intentions as they are aware of how easily tempted Macbeth will be.
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Lady Macbeth uses such strong words so that Macbeth has a greater chance of not backing down to the regicide. From analysing the quote 'live a coward in thine' we can clearly see that the word 'coward' is emphasised with the word 'thine'. The word 'coward' means someone who is afraid and someone with no bravery at all. This is important to me because it gives a great impact to the reader that Macbeth is being called a 'coward' by his own wife.
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Analyse the role and presentation of the witches in Macbeth with reference to Shakespeares use of language, his historical and contemporary influences and the themes addressed by the play.
The theme of the play is quite simple; all bad will be rewarded with its comeuppance and what goes around most definitely comes around. In the first scene that the audience come to meet the witches they give off an air of darkness and leave them to anticipate something more sinister could happen later. By ending their encounter with 'Fair is foul, and foul is fair' they are immediately setting the key theme of the play which is deception. They leave the audience with a riddle to get their minds thinking.
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Some historians suggest that Shakespeare wrote Macbeth for King James, and that he is actually a descendant of Banqo. Through the use of colourful imagery, Shakespeare portrays a heavenly interpretation of the assassinated King Duncan. Lady Macbeth suggests that she will have to "gild the faces of the grooms", so that it "seems" their guilt. The use of the world "gild" is interesting because it brings about connotations of smearing the faces of the grooms with liquid gold, furthermore, the context in which she uses the term would suggest that Duncan is in fact such saintly man that his blood is gold, and that to apply his blood to anything would in fact be gilding it.
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In the first scene we are introduced to three ugly evil looking hags, the witches. We know that the women are witches because they begin by referring to the battle that Macbeth had just won.
Macbeth has a golden reputation when we first listen to the words of praise by Duncan and Banqo. In scene two Macbeth is showered with praise and honourable titles by Duncan, the king himself greets Macbeth with open arms 'O valiant cousin! worthy gentleman!'. After this Duncan proves his trust in Macbeth by appointing him a higher title, Thane of Cawdor, 'What he hath lost noble Macbeth hath won.' This suggests that Macbeth has always been a willing and loyal man to his King, and Duncan sees him as an equal.
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This is important because later on he is killed because Macbeth fells insecure of his throne. This happens even though Banquo does not care about the throne. I would set this scene in a hilly heath, as when Macbeth goes closer to the witches it will represent his downfall. I would present the witches as old, wrinkly, short, hunchback and "wither'd and so wild in their attire". Their clothes are black, made out of rags - randomly cut with scissors with patches poorly sewn on so that they "look not like the inhabitants o' the earth".
- Word count: 1114