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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Hogarth as a Social Commentator

    By using moral themes from traditional art to draw a contrast from what existed in society, "he intended to show that old views of morality were not necessarily appropriate to contemporary society" (Haslam, 88). In Hogarth's A Harlot's Progress, British Museum, 1732, the six scenes present a criticism of a society which lures innocent victims to destruction, creates exploitation of the poor and helpless by the rich and powerful, and puts self-interest above all else. "The country girl who aspired to be a lady, and who is not absolved from all blame for the circumstances in which she finds herself,

    • Word count: 1799
  2. Rawls claims that ‘utilitarianism does not take the distinction between persons seriously.’ Explain this claim and why Rawls believes his theory is an improvement.

    At the original position all persons are to be impartial when deciding the rules of the contract, and are to be ignorant of their status within the society under the terms of the 'veil of ignorance'2. It is at this point when all persons are considered impartially and Rawls is first seen to make the 'distinction between persons'. In the original position two principles are to be considered, these are the 'liberty principle' and the 'difference principle'3. Under the liberty principle all humans are the be granted basic liberty rights, including "political liberty (the right to vote and be eligible for public office)

    • Word count: 2348
  3. “The Almost White Boy”: Have Our Bi-racial Views Progressed?

    The first to let us in on this view are the children in Jim's neighborhood. One child taunts Jim by saying, "You're black just like us" and "You ain't no different. My ma says so." At the same time another child is singing, "Yeah! Yeah! You're a white nigger - white nigger!" Jim's girlfriend also displays this attitude. When he reveals his background to her she says, "Why do you tell people?" Even Jim sees himself in this manner. His thoughts, "It had to go four revolutions.

    • Word count: 1137
  4. Analysing Children’s Books

    It describes the boy as being a gypsy dressing as a girl. This would have a totally negative effect on the reader and may change their views on Muslim people. Black people are shown more then the Asian minority but not as much as white people which have a much more greater number of pictures shown throughout the book. Black people are shown in a lower class state compared to the whites, which seem to be living a standard life in comparison to the other races.

    • Word count: 1063
  5. What is Crime?

    Looking at crime from a conflict point of view would label crime as a conflict between the working class against the upper class, who are trying to keep things the same. This is stated in the Communist Manifesto "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles" (Socioweb.com, Karl Marx). There would be an infinite amount of ways one could look at crime from every sociological prospective. . When examining crime one must remember that the person committing a crime is against a particular aspect of the society in which they live.

    • Word count: 1020
  6. Does Class Alignment Still Exist In British Politics?

    The approach was both external and objective, a move away from political philosophy and towards political science. The resulting conclusion that social class and voting intention were intrinsically linked can be referred to as behaviouralism, the belief that social theories should be constructed only on the basis of observable behaviour. In 1977, however, Ivor Crewe and his colleagues published a seminal article arguing that class alignment was weakening and that a "dealignment" was occurring. He explained that, "in a typical election of the 1960s and 1970s under half (47 per cent) of the British electorate excluding new voters, voted for one or other major party twice running."2 His belief was that social and economic changes had seen

    • Word count: 4224
  7. Foucault's Panopticon

    Almost all commentators agree that the Panopticon constituted or helped to constitute a new form of power in the late eighteenth century, although I would rather question the ethical nature of this power and share Baumgardt's13 view, who dismissed the conception as "not of basic ethical interest,". Discerning the social apparatus of power is the motivating force behind Foucault's inquiry into the systems of discipline and punishment. Where power is located and how it is distributed are his main concerns.

    • Word count: 4298
  8. Is it true that practical factors are the most important factor when choosing a method of research?

    However governments tend to invest on researches in specific fields such as transport, health, crime and housing. Overall funding can be seen as a key factor in choosing a research method. (Haralambos & Holborn) In addition the choice of topic crucial in deciding a method of research. When doing a particular study, researchers must initially decide on the topic of the research. Moreover, they must be aware that people may be offended by the topic being researched. An example, many sociologist are concerned about the extent of research in the negative side of African Caribbean life, with studies on school failure, lower levels of job success and even claimed that higher rate of criminality have led to critics arguing that a continued association is made between race and criminality or race and failure.

    • Word count: 1090
  9. Revision Notes on Research Methods for Studying Society

    is likely to be useful. How Do Sociologists Collect And Analyse Data And Evaluate Their Research? Generalisation - ?are general statements and conclusions that apply to the whole population, not just the sample. Representative - ?is when the sample used is typical of the population in general. Data Collection Once a researcher has carried out a pilot study, made any necessary changes to it and selected a sample, he or she is ready to begin the process of gathering data.

    • Word count: 648
  10. How Families Have Been Portrayed in the Media

    The wife asked the father to go instead of her solely because the teacher is a male. The husband then said, ?I?ll have a real man to man talk with him?. This portrays the stereotypes and gender roles that women and men faced in the 1950?s; women were more emotional and the ones to stay at home, while men were rather tough and had the most authority in the household. The two brothers, Beaver and Wally treat their parents with great respect and have family conversations about concerns they are having in their life.

    • Word count: 1420
  11. Assess sociological explanations of gender difference and gender inequality in society.

    Women are also more likely to feel the inequalities and injustices and therefore join NRM?s (New Religious Movements), as religion compensates for the inequality forced upon women in society and so it functions to numb out the oppression experienced by them, offering them a better life in the hereafter. Women may also turn to religion because of domestic violence, as Ansley had argued, that women are ?takers of shit? since capitalism may lead some men to feel frustrated and exploited at work and so within home life they may resort to violence to perpetuate the power structures within the family.

    • Word count: 636
  12. Sociology Definitions- Ethnicity, Gender and Culture

    Our culture and upbringing give us a context in which to view and interact with the world. While we are young we may not have much say in it and tend to take on board the belief of our family and culture without much questioning. But growing up is about questioning all these things and working out for ourselves what parts of our upbringing we want to accept and what we want to reject. This is why society and culture change over time. * In our big world every minute is a lesson looks at intercultural communication and examines how it can affect interactions between people from countries and backgrounds.

    • Word count: 1029
  13. What is diversity and how does it affect us?

    Without diversity the world would be just boring and dull. Diversity is being able to see everything from all different points of view. Being able to put yourself in someone else's shoes and not judging them. Be who you are and don?t change for no one no matter the situation. Equality is no matter what race, religion, etc. you are; we are all equal and deserve respect! Equality is making sure you treat others how you would want to be treated no matter what you look like or what you believe.

    • Word count: 904
  14. Discuss how far sociologists agree that the image of men and women created by the mass media tends to be more stereotypical than realistic.

    A factor that shows that the image of women tends to be stereotyped than realistic is through advertisements. They are still portrayed as being a ?typical housewife?. The women who does all the housework, food shopping, and caring for the children; however still manage to cook dinner for their husbands before he comes home from work. This shows very chauvinistic attitudes towards women; the media seems to suggest that these traditional roles are obligatory for women to complete. Realistically, most women nowadays are career-driven, individual people that do not need to depend on their husband or partner for money or security.

    • Word count: 603
  15. Families fail in the socialisation of children Evaluate the arguments for and against this statement

    The same goes for a boy, when they are older, a boy might feel pressurised into getting a good job and providing for their family, because that is what their dad done and that?s what they are socialized into believing. And boys and girl should get the chance to live their life however they want and not being influenced to a certain way. Another way families fail at socializing their children are if their children are of certain social classes.

    • Word count: 1490
  16. Consuming Kids: The Commercialization of Children

    These children might also try to become like what they see in the media, and act, dress, and look the way the media tells them to. 2. Having 'cool' and expensive brands correlates to the child's attitude toward money, status, and materialism because they feel like they need those products to make themselves cooler or better than they currently are. Kids who have brand-name products feel like they are above other children who don't have those products.

    • Word count: 535
  17. It can be concluded that lack of education and changes in values can be regarded as two of the major causes of increasing crime rates in big cities

    There are great connections between education and crime rates. As, studies done on this issue indicate that people who are involved in illegitemate ways are generally composed of uneducated individuals. Millions of people who migrate to big cities have difficulties in finding a well-paid job and meeting their needs. Moreover they may be deprived of receiving a good education.

    • Word count: 410
  18. Lifestyle Choices and Health Essay

    Many have argued for this to stop, however little difference has been made. If anything, it has increased. A Scottish Government health graph shows obesity in 1996 in adults aged 16-64, 63% were clinically overweight. In 2003 this had risen further to around 65% clinically OBESE. This is clearly a growing problem which needs to be seen to quicker than it is at current. We Scottish as a nation love a good drink, no denying it. Some take it too far, too often. Resulting in what?s known as binge drinking. This can lead to all sorts of diseases and cancers affecting the liver, the organ that takes out all the toxins in what we eat.

    • Word count: 950
  19. Does the media effect and influence changes within the younger generations of todays society?

    But can we really accuse the media alone, or are there other aspects of society that contribute to the rise in things like promiscuity within children under the legal age, random acts of violence, eating disorders or even the rise in suicidal deaths. The media plays a huge role in the creation of our dysfunctional generation, filling pages of the prefect body, dieting tips and even filling our TV screens with these media products. It is hard to escape this perception of what you are supposedly meant to look like and act like, as it is displayed everywhere.

    • Word count: 680
  20. To what extent are men and women equal in other aspects of their lives?

    baby dolls whereas boys have been encouraged to play with toy guns, and building sets, in addition to this form a young age we see our parents as role models, if our parents are fulfilling there conjugal roles, we would see that, is what we are suppose to be doing so the women become housewives and the men become the breadwinners, also the rules our parents give us are different for both sexes as they are more stricter for girls then boys this shows that boys have more freedom from a early age, although within modern society women have started

    • Word count: 684
  21. How the film "Outsourced" shows the effects of culture shock on an American in India.

    Firstly it is honeymoon period (excitement and fascination with the new culture). Second is culture shock where excitement turns into disappointment and more and more differences occuring.The third stage is initial adjustment where they learn to accept the culture and to change their negative attitude to a positive one. The fourth is mental isolation where individual feel lonely and can?t express themselves as well as they could in their native languages. And the last is acceptance and adaptation phase where they will feel at home and become involved in activities and may enjoy some of that countries customs.

    • Word count: 2129
  22. What is sociology?

    In sociology there are different competing arguments about the key issues and can be impossible to define which of the two is ?right?. Some theories are based on assumptions that people live together in societies to benefit from the advantages rather than fending for oneself. Other theories include that society since industrialisation is based on the conflict between the powerful and the powerless.

    • Word count: 436
  23. Assess the link between labelling and social differences in education.

    so this will make it more likely that working class to be assigned to lower streams. However the functionalist view don't mention external factors such as cultural deprivation or material deprivation can affect social difference because they mainly focus on the labelling being the main culprit rather than outside factors that can result in why they are Streamed into those set. Furthermore material and cultural deprivation can be a part in social differences in education because in item A students that fit the ''Ideal pupil'' are mostly middle class, so therefore there cultural experiences that are outside of school e.g.

    • Word count: 1007
  24. Discuss the changes in marriage over the last 50 years

    Here are some statistics to how marriage has changed over 50 years from the u.k marriage survey in 2005- 17% of marriages fail due to emotional/physical abuse, 27% adulterous behavior and 4% business problems. The average groom is now aged 37 and bride 34 shows people are getting married later now, fewer people are now getting married in Wales and not in England according to the new government statistics. Far fewer weddings include a religious ceremony.

    • Word count: 396
  25. Persian Wedding Traditions

    The fathers spin around the soon to be in-law with the smoke to ward off the “evil eye”. Khastegari - Ù¾ÛØ´ÙÙاد (Proposal) Khastegari is the first step of a Persian marriage. The family of the man will look for potential brides or he himself can do so too. Once a potential bride is found, the man along with his parents and sometimes a few relatives will go to the bride's house with flowers and ask permission from her parents to date their daughter. The bride's family receives the guests, offering tea and sweets "shirini". The bride usually walks around with the tea and sweets and offers it to each person one by one.

    • Word count: 716

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