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GCSE: 1984

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    A Contrast between Winston's Relationships with Katharine and Julia and why they ultimately failed

    4 star(s)

    They had an extremely shallow relationship based on their hatred for the party and their s****l desires. Katharine, who never appears directly in the book, was Winston's wife and they had separated between 9 and 10 years ago after a fifteen month marriage. "Katharine was a tall, fair haired girl, very straight, with splendid movements. She had a bold, aquiline face, a face that one might have called noble." After reading this description she seems to appear strikingly similar to Winston's mother.

    • Word count: 1738
  2. Peer reviewed

    1984 - What does Orwell do in the opening two pages of the novel to unsettle the reader?

    5 star(s)

    Throughout these first couple of pages Orwell purposefully refuses to expand on things which confuse the reader. For instance, "The hallway smelt of boiled cabbage and old rag mats", and simply doesn't give an explanation why. This deliberate omission is employed to purely keep the reader on edge and impel him/her to read on. Another example of this is towards the end of the second page, "The Patrols did not matter, however. Only the Thought Police mattered". This line immediately grabs attention and creates suspense, but Orwell leaves it here. The reader is now left feeling insecure and leaves us questioning ourselves through mere confusion of what may be happening in this society.

    • Word count: 676
  3. Peer reviewed

    What do you find disturbing about George Orwell's vision?

    5 star(s)

    Love brings joy that - as Winston Smith, the main character in 1984, experiences - makes life worth living. Without love, Oceania's inhabitants are reduced to a pointless, miserable, isolated existence. I think the most depressing event in the story of Winston Smith is how the Party crushed his love for Julia so completely, accentuated by the powerful unconditional nature of their love for each other before. Consequently, the Party, and its figurehead, 'Big Brother,' condemn s****l intercourse with fierce and active distaste, evident in the formation of 'The Junior Anti-s*x League.' s*x, the most intimate, loving act two people can share is seen as a threat to the Party's power, and is only acceptable in absolutely necessary circumstances - to create a child - and is devoid of all sentiment.

    • Word count: 1378
  4. Peer reviewed

    How does Orwell make the introduction to 1984 alarming?

    4 star(s)

    Throughout the extract, the only emotions described are negative ones, those of discomfort and fear. Winston is introduced as "thirty-nine and had a varicose ulcer", which is alarming because there is nothing personal in his description; it seems that a varicose ulcer is the only thing that separates him from everyone else, which questions his individuality. The "victory mansions" are also mentioned, along with "victory gin" and "victory cigarettes", implying that the world has been taking over by this one brand, probably linked to the party. Big Brother's posters, on "every landing", are also one of the first things to be described.

    • Word count: 657
  5. Peer reviewed

    Look at the first four chapters of 1984. How has Orwell introduced the key concepts of memory, power, and control?

    4 star(s)

    This conveys, already a sense to the reader that there is some deep political force at work here, one that has a lot of propaganda and therefore power and control. Almost directly after this we are introduced to a device called the telescreen, which only enhances our idea of the control and power of people's lives that big brother has on them. The fact that the telescreen can never be shutoff also adds to that as though whether you like it or not the political forces can always watch you.

    • Word count: 734
  6. Peer reviewed

    Some readers have felt that, even allowing for the bleakness of the times in which he lived, Orwell's vision in Nineteen Eighty Four is excessively grim and pessimistic. Explore various aspects of the novel from this perspective.

    4 star(s)

    The Second World War had only recently finished and the situation was improving but still bleak. Readers would have recognised the world Orwell so vividly describes with constant desolation throughout this political novel in relation to real events and people. O'Brien describes the overall outlook of the future as one image; "A boot stamping on a human face-for ever". This image sets hard in the mind, as readers of the time would easily recognise this with recent events in the past and real characters such as the Hitler and his n**i Party. By the end of chapter one Orwell has described Winston Smith and his ascetic life.

    • Word count: 2771
  7. Peer reviewed

    'Winston Smith Needs O'Brien' in the novel 1984 by George Orwell.

    4 star(s)

    Big Brother. Winston realizes that to be an outsider in a world in which individuality is a crime is dangerous. He asks himself if he is "alone in the possession of memory" because he does not want to believe that everybody is deluded, that all the people like to be controlled by the Party (Orwell p.62). Even in "the age of solitude" there must be other intelligent men (Orwell p.30)... Only an intelligent person can understand that sometimes the majority in the face of society might be wrong.

    • Word count: 1226
  8. Peer reviewed

    Explain the principles of Ingsoc and their maxims.

    4 star(s)

    Both countries are gaining cities and them losing them. None of the Party's inhabited land was ever endangered. When this happens, both countries citizens are at peace, they are not threatened by war. The only reason war may be used would be as a destruction of procedure. The Party believed that the goods available, shouldn't be overprotected because it leads to them being equally distributed and they believed that with equal distribution of goods came socialism. The Party obviously were never at all interested in this idea so it saw hat throughout recorded history the has been distinct classes between the people.

    • Word count: 741
  9. Peer reviewed

    How is Orwell's attitude towards totalitarianism personified through the characters of Winston and O'Brian in this extract?

    4 star(s)

    It stands for the fragile little world that Winston and Julia have made for each other. They are the coral inside of it. As Orwell wrote: "It is a little chunk of history, that they have forgotten to alter". The "Golden Country" is another emblem. It stands for the old European pastoral landscape. The place where Winston and Julia meet for the first time to make love to each other is exactly like the "Golden Country" of Winston's dreams. In this extract, Winston is in an analogous situation.

    • Word count: 5832
  10. Peer reviewed

    How does Orwells writing here make this extract so horrifying? This passage is from Part 3, Chapter 3 during Winstons interrogation at the hands of OBrien.

    3 star(s)

    This implies that Winston has lost all his humanity at the hands of the Party as the "skull-faced man" had earlier in the novel. The fact that the Party had done this to Winston, brutalizing him into the "creature" in the mirror is what is truly horrible about his condition, clearly showing the dangers of totalitarian regimes. As Winston's body could be manipulated so severely by the Party that he now views his own appearance as being "frightening" illustrates that the Party has total physical control over its subjects.

    • Word count: 856
  11. Peer reviewed

    What makes this passage so powerful? This passage is from Part 3, Chapter 1 when Winston has just been captured by the Thought Police and has been imprisoned in the Ministry of Love as a political prisoner.

    3 star(s)

    The adverb "timorously" implies that the chinless man fluttered his eyes in a nervous fashion. This shows that the man was in a great deal of anxiousness and uneasy as he was fearful of what his imprisonment would entail. Orwell also describes the skull-faced man's face as being "tormented". This adjective implies that the skull-faced man had undergone some kind of extreme torture to make this man feel so distressed. This emphasizes the power of the Party and the dangers of totalitarianism. Orwell says that the "chinless man" had been hit with a "frightful blow" from one of the guards.

    • Word count: 714
  12. Peer reviewed

    What linguistic devices does Orwell use to communicate rising tension and a sense of horror in this passage?

    3 star(s)

    Orwell also uses emotive words, which add to the increasing tension and horror of the invasion. For example, in this passage there are a lot of references to loud, sudden noises, such as, 'snap', 'crash' or 'clang'. This adds to the tension because these words are almost onomatopoeic, causing the reader to become as startled as Winston when the words are read. Orwell also uses the word 'stampede', which suggests a loud, onrushing noise and panic. This leads the reader to panic too because of the uncertainty of what is to come.

    • Word count: 505
  13. Peer reviewed

    ''Nineteen Eighty-Four' as an extent of the Dystopia fiction

    3 star(s)

    The scope of the word "genre" is usually confined to art and culture.'2 Michael Radford's film is one of the best pictures of Dystopian fiction, filmed not only during the same year and location imagined by the author of the novel, but some scenes where shot exactly on the dates from main's character diary. Main characters live in the world, which is in a constant state of war between three super powers. Society of Oceania, is controlled through the Inner Party led by the Big Brother, a image on the 'telescreen' which observes every move of the citizens.

    • Word count: 1671
  14. Peer reviewed

    shocking literary techniques - George Orwell's 1984

    3 star(s)

    Orwell has introduced 'thought crime' to the reader, "Thought crime does not entail death, thought crime is death". Whinston has done this by writing I his diary in the opening pages. These opening pages, display a picture in the readers mind of the society that whinston is stuck in. The opening chapter of Orwells novel, introduces the bleak and depressing setting to the reader. He displays the setting as very dark and frightening and he constantly raises the matter throughout the chapter. Orwell displays this decayed setting, like a dystopia.

    • Word count: 597
  15. Peer reviewed

    The citizens of Oceania live in a society where all of there actions are controlled. Telescreen is the technology they use to help achieve this control.

    3 star(s)

    Citizens of Oceania lives are just about completely controlled; there are alarms that wake up the office workers when it's getting up time. Then there's the Physical Jerks were the citizens have to exercise and even have a look of grim enjoyment on this face which was expected. Their entire way of living is controlled, and they constantly have the idea that "Big Brother is watching you" instilled in their mind.

    • Word count: 449
  16. Peer reviewed

    How does Orwell use the language of hate effectively in the "Two Minutes hate" scene in part I chapter I of 1984

    3 star(s)

    This effectively shows the reader how much the people of this world are indoctrinated through the language of hate. Orwell then goes on to describe Goldstein as "an object of hatred more constant than either Eurasia or Eastasia". This shows that in Oceania Goldstein is a great figure of hate even stronger than their enemies in war. This statement gives the 2 minutes hate more affect because the reader is wondering why so many people can carry such hatred for one man.

    • Word count: 583
  17. Peer reviewed

    Discuss the presentation of Big Brother in '1984'. Refer in

    3 star(s)

    Orwell Uses Big Brother as a symbol of powerful dictators, such as Stalin, Hitler, Franco and Mussolini. Big Brother's role in society could be described as a kind of religious god because Big Brother is followed by many, yet no one has ever seen him which is similar to nearly all of today's religious gods, who are worshipped and followed by many but again they have never been seen. For party members he has the power to incite devotion, but he is also used as the ultimate threat because if his followers stray from his leadership they will be tortured or even 'vaporized'.

    • Word count: 1207
  18. Peer reviewed

    Conception of the Future in 1984

    3 star(s)

    The oppressive nature of communism and the totalitarian regimes which had caused WW2 are oft said to be the sole or primary basis for Oceania. While this idea holds merit, I believe Orwell to have written the novel in a more general manner, speaking of the world's fate in a more general manner, encompassing both communism and capitalism. He wishes not to denounce the future he expressed as a product of the communist powers only, but also as the same end where western society is headed.

    • Word count: 1307
  19. Peer reviewed

    How does Orwell (1984) create a believable setting?

    3 star(s)

    In the book, Winston decided to meet Julia, for the first time in "Victory Square, near the monument". However, Julia later said that there are many telescreens there. In other words, that place is very important and therefore requires a lot of security. In our world, Victory Square is actually Trafalgar Square and that the statue of Nelson there is replaced by a statue of Big Brother. Also, the place where Winston worked, the Ministry of Truth was described as "an enormous pyramidal structure of glittering white concrete". This could possibly be the University of London Senate House.

    • Word count: 687
  20. Peer reviewed

    Evaluate the Impact and Purpose of the final section of Nineteen eighty-four.

    3 star(s)

    This all makes you think how horrific this regime is and how treacherous they can be. It is putting you into Winston's shoes and everything that happens to him feels like it is happening to you at the same time and gives the maximum effect. The second stage of Winston's torture is with O'Brien himself and mostly is spent on the electrocuting rack. When this is happening there is always a man in a white lab coat standing in the corner as if he is doing tests on Winston and Winston is just another guinea pig whose life is meaningless.

    • Word count: 834

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