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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975

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    Explain why the US withdrew its forces from the Vietnam War in 1973

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    forces, all of which will be dealt with in this essay. In the mid-1800s, Vietnam was colonized by French forces, which imposed dramatic political and cultural changes on to the country. And though they helped boost the country's economy, fuelled by exports, the French government often ignore calls for self-government and to improve human rights in Vietnam. The French continued their control of Vietnam, until shortly after World War 2, when Japanese forces invaded the country; using the natural resources in Vietnam to continue their wars against British forces in the colonies of Burma, Malay and India.

    • Word count: 2132
  2. The Vietnam War - why the USA became involved and how the media covered the war.

    The attempt to halt the flow of communism that was spreading across the globe. This was America's Cold War aim and Vietnam was simply an extension of that aim. This is useful because it shows the public continuation of an existing policy. Containment was used as justification for going to war. Vietnam could have been any other country and America may have taken exactly the same steps to stop them becoming communist. This was all to maintain the US image.

    • Word count: 2151
  3. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    This didn't go down well with the Vietnamese, who now saw the returning French soldiers as a threat to their much-celebrated republic, which had been declared by Ho Chi Minh in September 1945. In October 1945, British troops landed in southern Vietnam and established a provisional administration, liberating French captives from the Japanese imprisonment during the war - this then returned the authority of the area to the French. After establishing negotiations with the PRC (which later became Communist on October 1, 1949 under Mao)

    • Word count: 2683
  4. How was the opposition to the Vietnam war protrayed in contemporary literature, film and popular song?

    This he who they referred to is a priest a Chaplin, giving them their last rites as the soldiers take their first steps into war. They are obviously frightened and for some, this is their first time going into war and leaving their loved ones behind. I can tell that the Chaplin in some way shape or form has experienced war for it says in the song "He smiles at the young soldiers, tells them it's all right. He knows of their fear in the forthcoming fight" I think that this part of the song it is talking about a speech which the Chaplin is making to try to inspire the young soldiers.

    • Word count: 2179
  5. Vietnam Coursework Comparing sources

    As such, the source clearly disagrees with the theory presented to us in Source M, instead attributing North Vietnamese victory to superior military tactics and experience. The next source, Source E, has become an infamous representation of the conflict in Vietnam. It depicts Phan Thi Kim Phuc, a Vietnamese girl aged about nine at the time, and another child burnt badly by napalm as they run away from their village home of Trang Bang screaming in pain. Behind her is a congregation of American military personnel walking down the same path and making no effort whatsoever to assist the two children.

    • Word count: 2327
  6. Why did the USA become involvedin Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    The citizens of America, especially the rich, did not want communism at all. Henceforth, America and the Soviet Union went to war. However, the two countries did not physically fight each other, because they new they were equally powerful, and therefore undefeatable. Instead they started the 'Cold War'. It was more of a competition between the two countries, Russia was trying to get as many countries communist as it could, and America was trying to stop it from doing this. However, in 1949 the USA received a major blow. China had now also become communist.

    • Word count: 2007
  7. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    Therefore the United States set up their own government in Vietnam, led bye Ngo Dinh Diem. Diem's regime was very corrupt and his anti-Buddhist views were hated by most of the peasants who were themselves Buddhist. This led to the Viet Cong being created, built for the liberation of South Vietnam. The violence towards the government set up by the United States led Kennedy to send in military 'advisers' which otherwise meant soldiers. President Kennedy was later assassinated in 1963, and his replacement Lyndon Johnson was much more eager to commit the United States to a full-blown war.

    • Word count: 2468
  8. 'Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973'

    The French were allowed to maintain their presence in South Vietnam. There was due to be elections, yet Ngo Dinh Diem refused to hold them in case he lost his place. He claimed the north would never hold elections. The US supported him, even thought it was a breach of the Geneva peace agreement of which the American had promised to support. At the 1954 French Diem Bien Phu battle, the French asked the US for help with naval and air power.

    • Word count: 2099
  9. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1965-1968?

    This was the start of civil war between Vietnam and America. Now I will discuss the tactics used by the Vietcong beginning with Guerrilla Warfare. The Vietcong began using Guerrilla Warfare when they realised they could never directly confront the American soldiers as their weapons were not sophisticated or advanced enough to come up against the Americans. They also began using Guerrilla Warfare because it was something that the battle-hardened Vietcong were good at, as they had been fighting since the Japanese occupation of Vietnam during World War 2.

    • Word count: 2250
  10. Why did America withdraw from Vietnam in 1973?

    The Americans lost a lot of support in the war by standing by the South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinah Diem, who was a devoted catholic which caused a major problem with the public in south Vietnam as most of the population was Buddhist, more importantly though, he broke the Geneva agreement by fixing the elections in South Vietnam, and then shortly afterwards suppressed the peasants and made his close friends and family into power. Then there was Diems 'strategic hamlet' programme which was a complete failure due to the fact that the peasants involved were moved away from there homes

    • Word count: 2159
  11. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960s

    Hence on December 20th 1960 the NLF was formed in order to overthrow Diem and reunify the country. Between 1960 and 1965 the war was merely small scale conflict and very little large scale offensives. In the past the Vietminh had succeeded in using guerrilla warfare against the Japanese and French. Ho Chi Minh said: "When fighting in an enemy occupied area, we must use guerrilla tactics. We must absolutely not go in for large scale battles and big victories unless we are 100% sure of success."

    • Word count: 2013

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Analyse and evaluate three representations of history: Protests against the Vietnam War

    "In conclusion, with all three of my chosen criteria taken into account I believe the representation that best represents the way in which people in the USA reacted to the Vietnam War is representation 1. The representation was the most comprehensive of the three offering an overview of the movement though it failed to tell a balanced story, representation 2 and 3 were less comprehensive with the authors of those representations selecting details to suit their own message. Representation 1 was also the most objective due to its purpose, which is to inform, on the other hand the other representations were biased due to their purposes, which is to provoke debate and entertain. Finally, representation 1 was undoubtedly the most accurate with information easily verified by other sources whereas the other representations contain inaccuracy."

  • Discuss the effectiveness of US tactics such as 'defoliation' and 'search and destroy'

    "In conclusion, though the US were able to carry out successful search and destroy missions, the body count is questionable and in some instances the Vietcong where able to regroup and returned after the US had left captured areas abating the change produced by the tactic. The tactic also had severe drawbacks in that civilians were accidently and sometimes purposefully killed, leading the Vietnamese people to resent the allied forces and support the NLF and was therefore not greatly effective. On the other hand, defoliation was more effective as it hindered the NLF food and coverage in forested areas and brought around a greater level of change than the search and destroy tactic. However, it too suffered drawbacks in the effect it had on the civilians and the country of Vietnam, so the tactic was not as effective because of the damage it caused destroying the very people the tactic was supposed to be protecting."

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