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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 2
  1. Why are there different views about the influence of media on the course of Vietnam war?

    An example of this would be the picture of Kim Phuc. This picture has become a symbolic representation of the Vietnam over time leading to many people coming to believe that it was a turning point in the war. However I know this to mostly untrue as the picture was taken in 1972 when of course the decision to pull out had already been made prior to this therefore proving that it had no impact on the course of the war.

    • Word count: 3094
  2. John Keegan, a modern military historian, suggests that Haig was an efficient and highly skilled soldier who did much to lead Britain to victory in the First World War. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources A to H to support his interpret

    It doesn't say how involved Haig was in the battle or talk about his efficiency or skill so it does not support that part of Keegan's view. Haig is writing an opinion rather than facts and is possibly biased so this is not a very reliable source. Source B is a poster titled 'your country needs me' from 'General Haig's Private war'. It is not known when the poster was produced or who produced it or why it was produced.

    • Word count: 3049
  3. How useful are the sources A to G for explaining why there was an anti-war movement in the United States during the late 1960s and early 1970s?

    The U.S. soldiers who had been interviewed for this process - a T.V. documentary had been produced prior to the publication of the book, in the late 1980s - may have been asked the questions quite a few years after their involvement in the war, but this bears not much significance on what they say - the vivid memories they would hold of that event would not leave for a long time and so, by and large, would be true to an extent beyond doubt. The source itself mentions that the "increasing" number of recruits scored "so low" on intelligence rankings that they wouldn't normally have been given a place in the regular U.S.

    • Word count: 4158
  4. How useful are sources A to C in helping to explain why the United States became involved in the war in Vietnam?

    and South Vietnam (ruled by Ngo Dinh Diem and anti communist catholic politician). Ngo Dinh Diem led South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963 until he was killed by him generals in a military coup on the 1st of November 1965. He was an autocratic ruler. Diem's rule was opposed by Buddhist peasants in South Vietnam. Many Buddhists where executed and imprisoned. The communist Vietcong made guerrillas attacks on Diem's troops. Ho Chi Minh's communist regime in North Vietnam supported the Vietcong by supplying them with arms and money. Ho Chi Minh led North Vietnam from 1945 to 1969.

    • Word count: 3944
  5. Did the power of television force the US to leave Vietnam?

    They had a tunnel system which was known as Cu Chi tunnels. This was a major base for the Vietcong. The Vietcong used this tunnel system to hide and live in during the day and they would come up and fight in the night. These tunnels held many military campaigns during the war. These tunnels were a very efficient and effective method as it meant that the Vietcong could easily be hidden from their enemies. Also the tunnels prevented the Vietcong being hit by American artillery and bombs. These were the sort of tactics that Americans did not have resulting in their failure to defeat the Vietcong.

    • Word count: 6358
  6. The USA should have been successful in Vietnam because of its technological and military supremacy/ however, the USA failed to use this supremacy effectively to defeat a smaller, less advanced enemy. Do you agree or disagree with the interpretat

    During both these countries attempts to win America had helped by sending weapons and money to buy essentials but they refused to send any troops to help. After both these countries lost; America became worried that the Vietnam land was going to be lost and the whole of Vietnam would turn communist; as a result of this the domino theory would take effect. Source D is a bar chart showing an estimate of the troops and service men sent from America, those who were landed in China beach, Saigon between the years 1962 and 1972.

    • Word count: 3004
  7. How coverage of Vietnam in the USA led to demands for peace

    Another type of technology that rapidly improved was the camera. During the first few years of the war camera?s were fairly heavy, however towards the late sixties, when the journalists started revealing the horrors of Vietnam, cameras had become much lighter allowing TV crews to get closer to the conflict zones allowing them to get more frequent and detailed footage and this was when the manner of reporting completely changed. The media portrayal of various events in the Vietnam War were somewhat different as the war went on, and the number of casualties increased causing media to report back depressing stories and horrifying pictures.

    • Word count: 3683
  8. I think that the four most significant themes in the Vietnam War were protest movements, foreign policy, tactics and war journalism

    This quote proves how far the military were willing to go in order to stop the media from getting the stories back to the US public. The quote is significant as it shows how military actions changed towards journalism after Vietnam; journalism definitely did result in change. The media stories returning from Vietnam resulted in change in how reporters would be allowed to get their stories in the future. Media coverage in any war currently happening is extremely monitored and the public doesn?t see or hear about what is really going on; facts and figures from Iraq currently are never published ? this is as a result of the stories which returned from Vietnam.

    • Word count: 3939

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Analyse and evaluate three representations of history: Protests against the Vietnam War

    "In conclusion, with all three of my chosen criteria taken into account I believe the representation that best represents the way in which people in the USA reacted to the Vietnam War is representation 1. The representation was the most comprehensive of the three offering an overview of the movement though it failed to tell a balanced story, representation 2 and 3 were less comprehensive with the authors of those representations selecting details to suit their own message. Representation 1 was also the most objective due to its purpose, which is to inform, on the other hand the other representations were biased due to their purposes, which is to provoke debate and entertain. Finally, representation 1 was undoubtedly the most accurate with information easily verified by other sources whereas the other representations contain inaccuracy."

  • Discuss the effectiveness of US tactics such as 'defoliation' and 'search and destroy'

    "In conclusion, though the US were able to carry out successful search and destroy missions, the body count is questionable and in some instances the Vietcong where able to regroup and returned after the US had left captured areas abating the change produced by the tactic. The tactic also had severe drawbacks in that civilians were accidently and sometimes purposefully killed, leading the Vietnamese people to resent the allied forces and support the NLF and was therefore not greatly effective. On the other hand, defoliation was more effective as it hindered the NLF food and coverage in forested areas and brought around a greater level of change than the search and destroy tactic. However, it too suffered drawbacks in the effect it had on the civilians and the country of Vietnam, so the tactic was not as effective because of the damage it caused destroying the very people the tactic was supposed to be protecting."

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