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University Degree: Thomas Hardy

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  1. In what ways does Hardy respond to the demands of writing public poetry as opposed to confessional verse?

    This juxtaposition in premise between the desires, actions and feelings of man against the unflinching rigour of the eternal verities is also one of the enduring themes of the poem, as it is in many of Hardy's more confessional works of verse. Reflections of this include the idea of "Time's unflinching rigour" reducing a person to "one phantom figure" in "At Castle Boterel", and the intimate and confirmatory lyric of "Woman much missed, how you call to me, call to me" being reduced to the bitter indictment of "And the woman, calling" through the passage of time in "The Voice".

    • Word count: 2690
  2. A vision of the future?

    An alarm bell sounded. A wave of panic swept over me. "Thomas, get up!" I cried. I'm not sure if he heard me over the noise of the alarm, but the next thing I know we're out of our beds, grabbing our guns from our closet and hurtling towards the surface. "This is it, bro!" shouted Thomas over the alarm. "We're finally going to give the General what's coming to him." He seemed to be relishing this opportunity, unlike me; I was using every ounce of my courage to prevent me from turning away and running as fast as I could in the opposite direction.

    • Word count: 1888
  3. Poets often write about ideas through exploring emotions. In light of this comment, examine ways in which poets develop their ideas through feelings and emotions. You should write about a least two poems including the darkling thrush or gods grandeur, or

    This is contrasted with the emotions of the thrush, which is portrayed to be celebrating, and happy. The narrator appears to have given up on life, which is shown through the comment 'And every spirit on earth seemed fervourless as I'. On the other hand, the thrush which is shown as being towards the end of its life in the verse 'an aged thrush, frail, gaunt and small', seems to be holding on to all it can. The narrators comment shows his opinion on the time in the verse 'so little cause for carolings'. The thrush however is in the process of giving a 'full-hearted evensong', which is giving the impression that there was everything to live for.

    • Word count: 871
  4. A comparrison of Lore and Cyndyllan on a tractor by R S Thomas

    Both poems are firmly set in the context of the Welsh agricultural background and the poets consternation regarding the mechanisation of farming and the resultant impoverishment of the land and people. Although in this case Thomas has used it to gain sardonic effect. An example of the sardonic tone is "Riding to work as a great man should," Which creates the image of a heroic warrior riding into battle. The same feeling of conversation is conveyed by the use of Iambic Pentameter and beginning Cynddylan On A Tractor with; "Ah," This conjures up the picture of an old man preparing to tell a story.

    • Word count: 1560
  5. How does Thomas Hardy present men and women and their relationships in the three 'Wessex Tales'? The relationships between men and women are explored seriously and humorously

    'The Withered Arm' examines rejection and the destructive forces of vanity and repressed jealousy. The effects of these are exacerbated by the setting: a small rural community in which witchcraft is believed to exist. This story is told through an omniscient narrator, where Hardy is the storyteller with total knowledge of characters' thoughts, feelings and actions. This establishes a formal tone and creates a less friendly atmosphere. Hardy uses this narrative perspective for more serious stories, where he explores issues of social division and morality. The use of an omniscient narrator in 'The Withered Arm', allows parallels to be drawn between Gertrude and Rhoda through their subconscious states of mind: 'Gertrude's unconscious prayer' and 'Rhoda's secret heart...

    • Word count: 3903
  6. An exploration of the importance of setting in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' by Thomas Hardy

    Tess Durbeyfield discovers that she is a 'belated seedling' of a decayed aristocratic family, the D'Urbervilles. She is fooled into thinking that in finding her noble family, she will find love and nobility of spirit. Her story is one of disillusionment, when she realises too late that this nobility and pride of spirit she so craves is only to be found within her, and not in the outside world. She needs a sense of belonging; but receives only physical and emotional violation, and further alienation. Quoyle desires to comprehend 'the mysteries of unknown family', the dark lives of the 'big wild boogers' that are his Newfoundland ancestors; he needs to define his place amongst these treacherous, primitive people.

    • Word count: 2411
  7. The power of imagery

    It also helps the poets to express their true feelings and emotions. In "Dover Beach", Arnold Matthew creates a desired mood of the poem through the usage of different types of images. Arnold appeals to the sense of sight in the first section of the first stanza of the poem. Arnold presents mental pictures, actions, sights seen by the men in the poem. The man is looking out the window pondering the sound of the pebbles tossing in the waves. The man arrives at the vision of humanity being helpless against nature.

    • Word count: 1641
  8. How is female sexuality portrayed in Hardy's 'Far From The Madding Crowd' and Lawrence's 'The Virgin And The Gypsy'?

    Clearly she feels aroused and excited by her passion for Troy, and is flustered by their 'kiss.' For the nineteenth century, this is truly innovative, possibly even more so than Lawrence's explicit novella. The early twentieth century female was only just beginning to really discover s****l liberation. The fashion of the day was more revealing and allowed the female form to be shown in a provocative way, 'the feminine liberation movement had a strong effect on women's fashions. Most importantly, the corset was discarded!

    • Word count: 3318
  9. In the poem The White Horse, Gwendolyn MacEwen uses imagery, contrast, and symbolism to bring out the ideas of her work

    Jesus and the colour white can be symbols of divinity, peace, and purity. The imagery created from the phrase "field of dizzy sunlight" is confusion and unstableness in the world; an unclear vision of peace and tranquility. The statement the horse's eyes "huge with joy and wisdom" may exemplify the all-knowing and just character of Jesus. The purpose of Jesus coming to earth may be the proclamation of a path to eternal peace and paradise - affiliated to the stories in the Bible. The part where it says, "wondering why you are wondering" may suggest thought of the horse, referred to as Jesus: Why are you, the people, surprised that I am here?

    • Word count: 818
  10. Examine the relationship of two common ideas or concepts found in the Gospels of John and Thomas.

    If he does not shine, he is in darkness." (GTh 24) This closely parallels the Johannine tradition of light and darkness, especially the last sentence: "Night comes when no one can work; as long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world." (GJn 9.4) Another similarity regarding the issue of light also becomes evident in Thomas' 50th Logia: "...We came from the light. We are its children, and we are the elect of the living father..." (GTh 50) Raymond Brown, a renowned scholar of the New Testament, makes note in his writing comparing the two Gospels that there is no exact parallel in John to Jesus as "coming from the light."

    • Word count: 1709
  11. 'The Horse and his Rider' by Joanna Baillie

    Each line ends with either a comma, full stop or semi-colon, and this affects how the poem is read, ensuring that the reader pauses at regular intervals and enhancing the flow of the verse. Visually, the regular length of each line provides the reader with a simple and easy to read block of verse and this regularity recreates a regular, smooth movement that contains sound and motion. The smoothness of the verse is enhanced by Baillie's use of assonance in the final words of several lines such as breed and steed (ll.1&2), south and mouth (ll.9&10), pride and side (ll.13&14)

    • Word count: 1532
  12. After a Journey

    The beautification of his lost love, in the context of the poem, hints at the devotion he felt for his companion and serves to reinforce the idea of a man suffering the effects of extreme loss. It is also interesting that it reflects a more general statement as to the nature of grief, that human nature almost always forces those left behind, to focus on the positive aspects of those they have lost . It is telling that whilst Hardy alludes to the fact that their relationship was sometimes strained, 'Things were not lastly as firstly well' line 15, the

    • Word count: 1357
  13. Middlemarch and the Victorian Period Professor Sally Shuttleworth

    In particular, I will be looking at the conflict between a scientific understanding of human existence and the Christian concept of Providence. Thirdly, I will examine George Eliot's narrative style. Middlemarch is famous for its 'omniscient narrator'. Certainly the narrator is formidably knowledgeable, but the potentially oppressive effect of this is leavened by George Eliot's extensive and brilliant use of dialogic narration, weaving many voices and points of view into her narrative style. Narrators and Narration in Victorian Fiction Dr Shirley Foster This lecture examines the various ways in which Victorian novelists exploit the relationship between writer and reader.

    • Word count: 2834
  14. Witchcraft & Religion: Social science illuminating historical events?

    The sources from which the historian attempts to reconstruct the past are frequently written documents which shed light on what the people of the past thought was happening, but not necessarily what was actually happening. Using written sources alone, "How can one detect the gap (if one exists) between a man's motives and his rationalisation of these motives, and, further, the ideological or doctrinal gloss which he places upon these rationalisations?" Anthropology, concerned with uncovering the genuine reasons behind social relationships, can clearly make some suggestions.

    • Word count: 2315
  15. How important are romantic love and desire as motives for characters behaviour in “Tickets Please” and “The Horse Dealer’s Daughter”?

    She is the only women in the family and is constantly being pressurised into making decisions which leads her to feel frustrated and lonely. This loneliness causes her to feel the need to have a relationship. This sudden need and desperation means that she rushes into one believing that Fergusson is the correct man for her. She is locked into the family situation and cannot seem to find her way out of her financial problems. This is due to her passiveness and inability to make decisions of her own, which leads her to try to commit suicide.

    • Word count: 1057
  16. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy.

    His father died when he was 14, and Thomas inherited 2,750 acres and 50 slaves. As a wealthy man, he was able to marry the wealthy Martha Wayles. They were married ten years, until her death in 1782. Together they had six children. Jefferson loved her dearly, and never remarried. Historians claim he was celibate for the remainder of his life, and that is why he can not be the father of Hemings' children. Jefferson was indeed celibate, meaning unmarried, however he was not chaste. This controversial piece of history was brought to the public's eye on September 1st, 1802.

    • Word count: 2890
  17. Tony Kytes The Arch-Deceiver By Thomas Hardy

    Soon he saw his father in the fields and told him about the mess he caught himself in. soon the three maids found about each other in the wagon and they started to quarrel. Tony came up and said to the three that he will only marry Hannah but this time she rejected as she cut herself and the he said to Unity to be his bride, she too rejected because she wanted to be asked first and following from what his dad said he ended up with Milly whom he was first with and Milly forgave him.

    • Word count: 1032
  18. In her poem "Stanzas," author Charlotte Bronte employs the literary devices of imagery, mood, and repetition in order to successfully add depth and meaning.

    The mood changes several times throughout the poem, and each variation is skillfully planned and implemented through the use of imagery and diction. The composition begins in a soft and soothing mood with the use of words like calm, placid, serene, and sweet. Imagery of this same nature is exemplified in phrases regarding heaven, summer, and "soft and golden light" in the second and third stanzas, and again in the fifth stanza with "sunset soft and moonlight mild."

    • Word count: 577
  19. Examine the literary presentation of political/religious events in the text you have chosen. I have chosen Thomas D'Urfey's, Sir Barnaby Whig.

    The Whigs, a collective noun for the political party of the Earl of Shaftesbury which dominated the three parliaments from 1679 to 1681, in opposition to the prospect of a Catholic ruler in James II2 are here given a voice, but such a blustering, overweight and ineffectual character that D'Urfey's position is evident from our first meeting with him. However whilst this is an extremely political figure, and one that is will be personal to D'Urfey, I intend to show that it is in fact the concept of politics in drama that D'Urfey is commenting on, whilst still making a strong political attack.

    • Word count: 2697
  20. Thomas Hardy’s “The Workbox”: A Commentary on Mortality

    (Lines 12-15) clearly stating his belief that, upon physical death, that while life may appear to end, it actually continues on. The connection is implied; the piece of the workbox is the mate of the piece that is buried in the ground, separated by but a mere saw's width. Although the station and function of each piece may indeed vary, they nonetheless originate from the same piece of timber, in as much as though life and death vary greatly between each other, the same soul still occupies each state.

    • Word count: 1107
  21. Hope is the Thing with Feathers

    Just like a bird hope flies in people's mind. It enables a person to go wherever he/she cannot. For example, if you want to go somewhere and you do not afford going there, you can hope and think of being in that place. So, hope makes impossible things possible. Similar to a bird, hope has perches to sit on. Hope perches on our souls because souls are the homes for hope.

    • Word count: 517
  22. Dylan Marlais Thomas.

    Thomas was always fascinated by words; he strongly believed that the best poetry was music to the ears, as he wrote in a 1934 poetry review: "Too much poetry today is flat on the page, a black and white things of words created by intelligences that no longer think it is necessary for a poem to be read and understood by anything but the eyes." Thomas's first serious publication of his poems was when he was twenty, called 18 Poems.

    • Word count: 3238
  23. The Darkling Thrush By Thomas Hardy

    First, he continues his imagery of the desolate, unforgiving winter, covering the sky with tangling clouds. Then he ends the first stanza with the recognition of other humans who are familiar with the dreary landscape and the gray, merciless condition. However, their mystical manifestations have retired to the solace of their household fires, leaving Hardy an isolated onlooker. The second stanza introduces the fact that this recollection is being told at the turning point of a century. A morbid image is portrayed, as he writes that "His crypt the cloudy canopy."

    • Word count: 946
  24. An analysis of the relationship between Karl Thomas and the rest of society in Hoppla, wir leben!

    As will be discussed this combines with a stubborn refusal to accept and learn from the changes that have happened in the passing years, to conclude with Thomas' suicide at the end of the play. Which may not have happened if he had listened to Albert Kroll (Act 2, Scene 2) and been patient. Thomas' lack of patience reflects in the words of many of the characters at various points throughout the play. They refer to themselves in the past as children.

    • Word count: 1556
  25. The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion

    Wessex tales are formulated by Thomas Hardy, from a fictional county on the south coast of England, where the villages are small and rural and have a very clear view of what is socially acceptable, by those who live in and around the community. The narrator is clearly apposed to the views of the English class system and puts this across throughout the story. The opening description is of a ghostly, spectral landscape and creates the tense feeling of forbidden love, as the crucial scenes occur during the twilight hours, which add to the romance of the tragic love story and the wild adventure of Phyllis Grove.

    • Word count: 2480

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Analyse the Narrative Skills of Graham Greene in his Short Story 'The Destructors' - And show how they enhance their appeal to the reader.

    "In conclusion, after analysing the narrative skills of Graham Greene it is apparent that he has written an effective story for the reader. Although the story is unusual and some unimaginative use of narrative skills near to the end of the story, it is interesting to note what narrative skills Graham Greene has used and how he has made it effective. Neeraj Bhardwaj - 1 -"

  • Under Milk Wood By Dylan Thomas - "There's a nasty lot that live here, when you come to think." To what extent is the play an indictment of human society?

    "In conclusion, the play Under Milk Wood may, indeed, be considered an indictment of society. However, one must consider that, although Dylan Thomas criticizes his characters throughout, the play as a whole recognizes that it is important to forgive one of one's flaws. The audience may therefore be inclined to believe that Under Milk Wood is simply a depiction of reality and thus displays the flaws and wonders of Llareggub's townspeople; both of which are celebrated by the play overall."

  • Compare "Lore" by R.S. Thomas and "Woman Work" by Maya Angelou. How do the poets show their attitude to life and work in their writing?

    "In my opinion these poems are trying to teach the reader how hard or simple life is. Each poet offers a different view of life and work. I think Maya Angelou shows strong feelings towards life when she writes "Cover me with white/Cold icy kisses". The new line just after "white" emphasises, in my opinion, that Maya Angelou wants to end racism and racial hatred. The woman is craving not to be discriminated against. She may even want to be white so she could get a better job than being a cotton picker or a slave. Out of both poems, I like "Woman Work" more because it shows how hard life is for African American women. The way it is written makes the reader sympathetic towards the woman in "Woman Work". It makes the reader think how hard life can be for certain individuals. It moved me how the poem was written; the woman could not own anything; she had no hope; her only solace was nature. "Lore" however shows optimism, it shows elderly people can still enjoy life. Job's work keeps him fit, he enjoys his work. The poem shows a simple life for a simple person."

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