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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Egans SOLER theory and the Bales theory of communciation in a care setting.

    Within the main content active listening will be essential, when actively listening, flexibility is needed. Active listening does not mean listening and hearing, it involves trying to understand the meaning of the words being used by the service user and the context from which they originate. Active listening is developing an interaction with the service user that helps to identify the real issues and to provide a meaningful dialogue in exchange. When listening, individuals can operate at three different levels, these are: 1.

    • Word count: 2893
  2. Description of the Four Communication Skills and how they are used in the particular setting

    DATE AND TIME OF COMPLETION The interview took place on the 10th October at approximately 7pm. I chose this time as it would not disrupt her from teaching and it suited her. The description of the four communication skills Tone of Voice EXPLAIN HOW THAT PARTICULAR SKILL IS USED WITHIN YOUR CARE SETTING BY DIFFERENT TYPES OF CARERS Tone of voice is the pitch, characteristics and volume in which a person uses when they communicate. In the care setting I chose, communication is very important as it teaches the pupils skills in life while helping to put across things that they need to learn in that lesson or day.

    • Word count: 2789
  3. Theories of behaviour and development in psychology

    lead to an increase in behaviour and negative effects (punishments) leads to the stamping out of behaviour. A more personal example of this for us would be that we feel relived and happy when we have completed and handed in an assignment on time, because of this we are increase the probability of repeating this behaviour again. The psychodynamic approach is associated with the psychologist Freud. He developed the theory known as psychodynamic psychology and the treatment psychoanalysis. The main assumption of the psychodynamic approach is that all behaviour can be explained in terms of the inner conflicts of the mind.

    • Word count: 2610
  4. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years

    Language development is the understanding and gaining of language, developing vocabulary and body language. 0-6 Months: Physical development : At this stage a baby should be able to turn their head towards sound and movement, watch an adult?s face when feeding and smile at the faces and voices they find familiar. They should be able to hold their feet when lying on their back, look and reach for objects, hold and shake a rattle and put items in their mouths.

    • Word count: 2059
  5. Factors which support and inhibit communciation

    By positioning people at the same levels, this would be a supporting factor of communication. On the other hand, if people were positioned at different levels and the patient is not entirely comfortable with their positioning then this could inhibit communication as they may feel intimidated, out of place or just simply uncomfortable which may make less likely to want to communicate. Depending on the formality of different situations, patients can be made to feel comfortable if consideration of positioning is taken into account whether or not the situation is formal or informal. Secondly, emotional factors are another important factor to consider where communication is concerned.

    • Word count: 2267
  6. Outline the structure of the main tissues of the body

    The structure of epithelial tissue is related to the function it carries out which include; protection; secretion and absorption. Simple epithelium consists of a single layer of identical cells, which are divided into three main types. The types are named depending on their shape which alters according to the functions they carry out. The more the tissue gets used, the taller the cells. Simple epithelium is usually found on absorptive or secretory surfaces, where it helps to speed up these processes due to the single layer of cells. Simple Epithelium can be squamous, cuboidal, columnar or ciliated. Squamous cells are a single layer of flat cells which contain a nucleus that forms a lump in the centre.

    • Word count: 2474
  7. A report explaining the patterns and trends of health and illness in three social groups: gender, ethnicity and social class.

    Morbidity rates Morbidity is difficult to measure as the information is gathered from a range of different sources. Data is collected by the government as well as the NHS and local authority social services departments through direct surveys of the population such as specific health surveys, and as a result of administrative processes, for example, when an individual visits a GP or A&E department or has an assessment of needs. Some diseases are required to be reported, for example cancers and infectious diseases and so data is collected via this process. The problem with this information is that to some extent it reflects services that are available rather than the true picture of disease incidence.

    • Word count: 2284
  8. Child development in the Middle Years

    The most noticeable changes are of puberty. As children begin to naturally develop physically feelings of unease and worry about these changes can begin to affect the child. Growing sexual interest can shape a young person?s future dramatically, for example, teen pregnancies (Mogler, 2008). When looking at the noticeable physical changes at each of these three stages of child development it is easy to see why middle childhood can be seen as somewhat uninteresting. Both early childhood and adolescence show such physical signs of transpiring (Davies, 2011; Eccles, 1999).

    • Word count: 2942
  9. The respiratory system consists of tubes that filter incoming air and transport it into the alveoli where gases are exchanged

    Paranasal Sinuses are air-filled spaces with thin the maxillary, frontal, ethmoid, and sphenoid bones of the skull. These spaces open to the nasal cavity and are lined with mucus membrane that is continuous with that lining the nasal cavity. The sinuses reduce the weight of the skull and serve as a chamber to affect the quality of the voice. The pharynx is a common passageway for air and food. The pharynx aids in producing sounds for speech. The larynx is an airway superior to the trachea and inferior to the pharynx.It helps keep particles from entering the trachea and also houses the vocal cords.

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  10. Sociological Perspectives. Understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings

    They help people with different kinds of issues and provide recent information relating to different areas of concern. Academic researchers and other authors- these researchers and authors are based mainly in universities, and they contribute to the evidence and debate on a wide range of health and social care issues. The government statistics include mortality rates which are the death rates in the population and they also up hold the mobility rates which are the number of people who have particular diseases during a specific period of time. The information will then be compared over periods of time, where they will then see if the rates have either increased or de-creased.

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  11. Unit 4, P1, development of an individual through the life stages.

    They become more independent and build friendship groups based on common interests. Children will learn to cooperate with other children learning to shear but at this stage they are still jealous about the toys and even friends. In the middle of childhood child?s body decrease in the thickness of the fat, and changes in the general distribution, it becomes slimmer. Bones contain less cartilage, which become more rigid and stiff. Is fast muscle growth. The circulatory system develops in a continuous but slow rate, breathing becomes more economic, digestive system becomes more efficient.

    • Word count: 2177
  12. Hazards in a care home and in a school

    In a school the children may not know what the chemicals are and drink them and if they think its water they could put their hands in and burn themselves depending on what chemicals it is. Medication is always being brought into school by parents and children, these medications could cause harm to other children if taken. The medication that is brought in should be kept in a safe and only given when needed and to the right person. Biological Hazards Biological hazards occur from the handling of waste containing human tissue, blood or other bodily fluids or excretions, drugs or other products such as, swabs, dressing or syringes etc.

    • Word count: 2702
  13. Spotting the Signs of Abuse and the Appropriate Responses.

    Another sign/symptom of abuse is that the child could be underweight. This means that the child isn?t getting the food that they need or the nutrition that they need. This is a hard indicator of abuse because all children grow in different shapes and sizes. If the child is so small that you can see their bones, then this is when action should be taken to find out why this child is not getting the right nutrients in their body.

    • Word count: 2455
  14. Applied Psychology Perspectives for Health & Social Care

    Fear is a form of anxiety that is triggered by a situation or an object. Every individual has a phobia of something; also to know what it?s like to be afraid in certain situations and change our behaviour accordingly. For example- There are three types of phobias: 1. Social phobias?fear of social situations. 2. Agoraphobia?fear of being trapped in an inescapable place or situation. 3. Specific phobias?fear of a specific object (such as snakes). There are four major types of specific phobias: 1. The natural environment?fear of lightening, water, storms, etc. 2. Animal?fear of snakes, rodents, spiders, etc.

    • Word count: 2032
  15. In this assignment I am going to write about the cardiovascular and digestive systems relation with metabolism energy in the body

    There are various different types of energy forms found in the body, like heat energy which is changed in the body, from other heat energy forms like chemical energy which is used for work. The heat energy provides the energy feel cold or warm up the body, for example, sweat is produced when a person jogs because the body gets hot due to blood is circulated around the body faster than usual, sweat is needs to cool off. The most of the important energy in the body is supplied by ATP energy source, which in the body?s cells like mitochondria.

    • Word count: 2064
  16. Unit 5 Questions - Working with Children, Reflective Practice,Health and Safety

    Every setting should have a policy which clarifies what parent partnership means to them. Practitioners need to understand their responsibilities. Practitioners in professional relationships have to share responsibility to meet needs of children, create a sense of belonging, balance their weakness with others strengths, be responsible for their own actions and be positive role models and work with each other to help benefit children. Communication is essential for maintaining professional relationships because practitioners are keeping the people that need to be, informed and involved for the benefit of the child. A may be parent worried about an issue concerning the setting or the child, by talking with them about the issue and reassuring them, they will feel a lot more secure.

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  17. Legisaltions related to Infection, Prevention and Control

    soiled laundry). They should also be use and store equipment and materials properly (e.g. cleaning products). Workers must also ensure they are working safely at all time (e.g. working with sharps). It is the workers responsibility to report any health and safety hazards to the appropriate person without any delay. Faulty equipment, safety signs that have been tampered with and infectious diseases and accidents (biological spills, sharp injuries) should be reported immediately. The Act also obliges workers to work closely with their employers to carry out their health and safety responsibilities. This includes following the workplace?s safe practice procedures at all times, not tampering with anything that has been provided for their health and safety, knowing what to do when in an emergency using PPE correctly.

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  18. unit 2 p4 Explain how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice.

    T6he human rights act will ensure that children that are poor or are a different colour will still not be discriminated against. For example if the children weren?t going to school the parents may be took to court. The judge will not discriminated against the too and will ensure it is an equal punishment and not be favoured by one of them. This will ensure they are treated will respect and will also make it a fair trial between the two people about their children.

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  19. Communication - context and methods

    Diana Owiredu Asante(23813) 1. Formal: this kind of communication tends that start with a greeting such as? how are you doing today: good afternoon? this can be used to show respect to others, communicating with a manager is formal e.g. Care workers use different forms of communication during their working day (or night). These include the verbal communication skills oftalking and listening, and various forms of non-verbal communication, 2. such as touch, eye contact and facial expression. A care worker has to 3.

    • Word count: 2507
  20. Promoting Good Health- Unit AO1.

    There are 3 concepts of ill-health; Ill-health as a disease, a disorder and a subjective feeling of illness. Ill-health as a subjective feeling is when you start to feel slightly ill. Ill-health as a disease is when symptoms start to appear and ill-health as a disorder is when a body system fails to function properly. Sometimes if a person becomes seriously ill all these concepts will happen. Definitions of health can be positive or negative. Positive health includes your social, mental and physical wellbeing and being able to maintain it whereas to define health as the absence of illness or disease is a negative view.

    • Word count: 2373
  21. Explain the strategies and methods that can be used to support children, young people and their families where abuse is suspected or confirmed

    They should be encouraged to develop strategies that may enable them to avoid situations that put them at risk. Children also need to be helped to be strong enough to seek appropriate support and guidance if they find themselves in an adverse situation. Support needs to be readily available and practical when children and young people are in need. It may be useful to have someone who will listen, but children will also need someone who can provide the necessary support. It is vital to try to increase the children?s self-confidence and raise their self-esteem so that they are resilient and empowered.

    • Word count: 2165
  22. Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individuals.

    The ?Second Trimester? is the fourth month when the baby continues to develop during this time. The ?Third Trimester? is the seventh month when the baby finishes developing and gaining the birth weight. Babies can recognise their mother's voice, which shows that they developed that memory before they were born, so the brain was working at that stage. Once you are two month pregnancy, the foundations for the basic parts of the baby?s brain have already formed and brain. At this point, any food, drink, medicine, nicotine and stimulation given to your baby will affect the final size and organization of her brain.

    • Word count: 2073
  23. Dental Technician Studies. Report about all the information required to progress a single fixed restoration

    The inlay will improve masticatory efficiency. Full gold crown If the patients tooth structure is enable to be saved the full gold crown will be used. A full gold crown is usually fitted in the molar teeth for appearance reasons which might possibly be slightly visible when a patient smiles. It is overall a stronger restoration and maintains good stability of the arch and has a high accuracy around the margins of the tooth for a good fit and seal.

    • Word count: 2722
  24. unit 1 communication

    It may also indicate a discomfort about the topic being spoken about. However, a calm and slow voice shows you are friendly and caring. Talking quickly with a firm tone and in a loud voice may indicate anger or rudeness. When health and social care professionals communicate with service users, it is important to know what tone of voice to use. Some people can be easily disturbed by a sharp tone of voice which can cause them to feel intimidated.

    • Word count: 2012
  25. Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual.

    And is where the foetus starts his early development. The second trimester the embryo is developing more; he is gaining weight, developing lungs and vital organs. The third trimester the baby start to develop brain and body systems are fully functioning and baby is ready for birth. During pregnancy a range of factors can affect the development and health of the embryo, which might lead to further problems in the baby when he is born and also in different life stages of his life. If the mother eats a poor diet, that lacks vitamins and nutrients can affect the baby nutrition.

    • Word count: 2048

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