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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 191
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  1. Describe and explain how to communicate with children of different ages.

    When communicating with a child you should not care what culture they are or where they are. 0-3 months ? Talking to a baby of this age is easy, as they will find your voice soothing. Babies of this age like the sound of your voice and some babies may even try to respond to you when you try talking to them. They also enjoy listening to soothing music so singing to a baby of this age is a good idea.

    • Word count: 817
  2. Evaluate own communication skills in terms of developing relationships with children.

    I would also use hand gesture myself to communicate with them because at times they couldn?t understand me either. As a child of this age isn?t very cognitively or intellectually developed it would obviously be hard to understand. To improve I would practice and learn some more hand gestures. 1-3 - Communicating with the children was a bit of a challenge when it came to this age group because some of the times they were really active and hyper and wouldn?t sit down to listen to what you had to say, so I found it harder to try to communicate with them.

    • Word count: 555
  3. Kidney Disease

    They were now able to research the disease further and educate the patient. Then in 1972, a law passed that provided the federal government financing for nearly all Americans with kidney disease. Today, the National Kidney Foundation participates in research that is helping advance knowledge about chronic kidney disease, treatment and patient outcomes. Test results form NKF?s Kidney Early Evaluation Program are studied, and analyzed to help doctors find ways to improve outcomes and better treat kidney disease in specific, at risk populations.

    • Word count: 1944
  4. Developing through the life stages - old age

    They suggested that elderly people want to disengage from society to reflect on life and prepare for death. Activity Theory- Havighurst (1964) completely disagreed with the social disengagement theory and he argued that except for inevitable changes in biology and health older people are the same as middle-aged people with the same psychological and social needs. He said that decreased social interaction in older ages is a result of society withdrawing from the older people against the wishes of most of the elderly people. The activity theory proposes that the withdrawal is not mutual. It claims that older adults should stay active and stay involved.

    • Word count: 2886
  5. Personal Development and Reflective Learning as a health care worker

    * Responsible for the safe handling of medicine * Supervise staffs * Work as a team * Work according to the organisation`s policies and procedures My Skills * Strong negotiation and interpersonal skills * Very creative * Speak fluent English and French * Standards of high quality in the provision of personal care to others * The ability to work in an organised and composed manner * Good communication and administration skills, including basic IT * Play music like guitar and drum Below is a table showing my strengths and weaknesses.

    • Word count: 2154
  6. Supporting and Safeguarding Adults

    Hopefully in the long Bridie went back to being a safe and caring environment with people that respect her right to care. What should have been done in this case to reduce the risk of abuse can include the use of CRB checks, presumably Bello was checked out prior to being employed, however if not then this is something that should have been done in order to prevent something like this happening to a service user. Another way to prevent this from happening could have been regular observations, if Bello had oberservations on a regular basis then that could have prevented the abuse from happening.

    • Word count: 2977
  7. Concepts of Equality, Diversity and Care

    Equality is about creating a fairer society where everyone can participate and have the opportunity to fulfil their potential and no one is unfairly disadvantaged whilst Diversity is about valuing peoples' differences and addressing their different needs and situations. Equality is important within schools because some children have disabilities need to be treated equally in order for them to develop and not feel discriminated and left out. Also, if a child is discriminated by staff in a school it can affect the child?s happiness and they may feel left out.

    • Word count: 1891
  8. Long term and short term effects of abuse

    Individuals who abuse adults often threaten, harass, or intimidate them. As a result of abuse, adults often experience worry, depression, or anxiety. These signs may be mistaken for memory loss or illness, when really they are the effects of stress or worry. They may also feel shame, guilt, or embarrassment that someone in the family or someone close has harmed them. Some may start to eat less, use more medications or drink more alcohol to help cope with the emotional and physical hurt.

    • Word count: 1508
  9. Types and Signs of Abuse

    The abuser?s marriage may have been failing which means there are a lot of arguments. The abuser may feel confused and disorientated and doesn't understand what it going on. Emotional/ Psychological Abuse Emotional/ psychological abuse can happen to anyone. It can happen when the abuser makes comments that make sure their victim feels isolated and try to lower your self-esteem. It is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.

    • Word count: 4031
  10. Understanding the symptoms of abuse and maltreatment and applying effective strategies for safeguarding children and young people

    Bruises of a similar shape and size that frequently appear on the child victim. This again would suggest it was purposely done because each child falling over and bruising the same spot more than a few times is highly unlikely to be a coincidence. Bruises on the neck that look like attempted strangulation of the child. This could have been done by the child or someone else, however strangulation is not something that can be easily accidentally done. Bruises on the ankles and wrists that look like ligature marks.

    • Word count: 1640
  11. Psychological Perspectives - Humanistic Approach

    He believed that people are fundamentally good. In the table below there are three 3 aspects of his theory and a definition to go with them. Core Self Self Concept Ideal Self This is who we are when we are born. This is how we see ourselves and the conditions of our worth. This is who we want to be. Humanistic psychologists believe that an individual?s behaviour is connected to their inner feelings and self image. A poor self image impacts how we interact with the world.

    • Word count: 552
  12. Psychological Perspectives - Cognitive Approach

    His particular insight was the role of maturation (i.e. simply growing up) in children's increasing capacity to understand their world. This means that they cannot undertake certain tasks until they are actually, psychologically mature enough to do so. Aaron Beck (1921-Present day) believes that a person?s reaction to specific upsetting thoughts may actually contribute to abnormality. As we confront the many situations that arise in life, both comforting and upsetting thoughts come into our heads. Beck calls these unbidden cognition?s automatic thoughts. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) was created due to beck and it can be used to treat people with a wide range of different mental health problems.

    • Word count: 601
  13. Psychological Perspectives - Biological Approach

    His theory suggests that development in childhood and adolescence is primarily biological or genetic in origin. Biology and genetics inheritances determine predictable patterns in biological behaviour that Gesell termed as norms. He believed that children need a nurturing, stable environment, and very little else to mature both biologically and psychologically. Gesell was the first theorist to systematically study the stages of development, and the first researcher to demonstrate that a child?s developmental age (or stage of development)

    • Word count: 484
  14. Psychological Perspectives - The behavioural approach is a psychological perspective that states that human behaviour is learned, thus all behaviour can be unlearned and new behaviours learned in its place

    Skinner was an American psychologist, behaviourist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. He was also a professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Pavlov started from the idea that there are some things that a dog does not need to learn. For example, dogs don?t learn to salivate whenever they see food. This reflex is ?hard wired? into the dog?s brain. However, when Pavlov discovered that any object or event which the dogs learnt to associate with food would trigger the same response, he realized that he had made an important scientific discovery.

    • Word count: 471
  15. The role of communication and interpersonal interaction in Health and Social Care

    In this stage there is now a clear purpose and a good focus on the goal achievement. The team members are now competent and able to handle the decision-making process as a group. Morale is high and the general atmosphere will be positive. Team members are confident about the outcome, enjoy open communication, show high energy, and whereas disagreement is expected and is dealt with appropriately. Sometimes there is an additional stage called Adjourning, this is where the task is now completed, and there were recognition and good feelings associated with their achievements. In Argyles theory there are 6 stages, the first is the aim.

    • Word count: 3209
  16. AO1 - Communication in Care Settings

    It is also a lot less formal to talk face to face and it is much quicker than most types of communication such as writing. Talking face to face can help resolve conflict between people as if a text is sent, it can be taken the wrong way and cause bigger arguments. When talking, the responses are quicker which helps people with decision making which is also another advantage. Giving verbal encouragement is a great way to maintain energy in a team of people.

    • Word count: 4575
  17. Awareness in dealing with people suffering from sensory loss.

    (4.1) * Explain where additional advice and support can be sourced in relation to sensory loss. (4.2) (Task 5) Know how to report concerns about sensory loss. * Describe whom and how concerns about sight and/or hearing loss can be reported. (5.1) (Task 1) (1.1) There are many different facts that can have an impact on people with sensory loss. Communication and awareness play big roles in the impact. They may find it difficult to feed themselves, dressing and mobility. Hobbies and interests can have negative impact on their lives. They may also feel scared and alone due to this.

    • Word count: 2629
  18. Care Provision - highlighting gaps and provisions research

    The society we live in is constantly changing with complex health and social care needs and some of the needs are not always met. An example of this is if you do not have a good understanding of English you may not be able to identify your needs and which services you need. Some groups in society are prioritised such as the elderly and other marginal groups. Aid reflection When taking part in research you need to evaluate the work you have undertaken this should include regularly updating a plan to see what changes may need to be made as you progress with your work.

    • Word count: 827
  19. Care values are a set of written rules, which explains how people working in a particular profession should behave.

    In addition the care value seeks out to avert discrimination in all these areas. For example, an elderly service or employee would not be indirectly discriminated by the organisation by putting policies, rules or ways of doing things that have a negative impact on them. The organisation would make adjustments on the policies and rules in order to make it fair for the elderly person. This can be longer breaks or shorter working times. www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/by-subject/health-and-social-care/? (accessed on 27/10/2015) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2587197/ (accessed on 27/10/2015) http://everydayfeminism.com/2014/09/equality-is-not-enough/ (accessed on 27/10/2015) Diversity does not simply refer to heritage and disability, but also gender, nationality and culture, sexual orientation and age.

    • Word count: 4285
  20. Evaluation of my Body Image Health Campaign

    This might be because girls have drafted up an image of a perfect body; tall, skinny and athletic in their heads. If they don?t fit into the categories, they see themselves as a ?worthless? or ?ugly?. I had asked in my planning questionnaire; ?How important to you is your appearance?? The question was a closed-ended. Majority of the questions I had asked in my questionnaire was closed-ended because it would provide a quantity data that can be used as statistic.

    • Word count: 3386
  21. Designing a Body Image Health Campaign

    They would live in fear and hope that no one notices them. When their mind is consumed with their image, it can result on them not wanting to meet new people, holding themselves back and not working to their potential. This can affect their educational achievements or social circle. They may not be answering questions they know in a class discussion because of fear that they would stand out. Therefore, the teacher might see the student as underachieving and may give them easier work that is for the lower grade or moved to another classroom.

    • Word count: 4826
  22. Examine How Diet Can Affect Health

    Counteracting age would be beneficial because it would enable someone in the life stage of late adulthood be physically healthy because they can do exercise and do sports since they are counteracting age. Carolyn Robbins article on The Positive Effect of Health also shows the importance of diet. The article states that ?giving your body the correct fuel will give you more energy and an overall sense of well-being.? This links to what I mentioned about nutrients providing the fuel we need to perform physically, food provides energy.

    • Word count: 3249
  23. Discuss Preventive Measures in Health Care

    http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Prevention_e.htm (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.iwh.on.ca/wrmb/primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.bmj.com/content/340/bmj.c1480 (accessed 21/12/2015) Primary prevention pursues to prevent the beginning of specific diseases through risk reduction: by altering behaviours or exposures that can lead to disease, or by enhancing fight to the effects of exposure to a disease agent. Examples include smoking cessation and vaccination. This is important because tobacco smoke contains a lethal mix of more than seven thousands chemicals: hundreds are harmful, and about seventy can cause cancer. Smoking rises the risk for grave health problems, many diseases, and death.

    • Word count: 2740
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Health and Social Care at A level is a strong preparation for those wishing to enter this important and growing field. The course is designed to ensure that learning is based around a work-centred approach and often there are opportunities to get involved in related work experience. The subject is a mix of compulsory and optional units and youll be studying the concept of efficient caring, communication and health issues, the practical realities of care provision and human development and behaviour.

The assessment will be made up of a variety of methods: portfolio's of evidence, presentations and examinations. Marked by Teachers has a large collection of essays which cover a wide range of Health and Social Care topics to help you develop your written skills.

If you are considering taking the subject further, there are many essays in Healthcare at university level to help you make the transition between A level and degree.

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Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Cannabis should be legalised" clearly discuss the points for (pros) and against (cons). you should also show where your sympathies lie"

    "Keith Hellawell (the former government drugs expert) described cannabis as a "gateway drug"; he believes it leads to the miss use of harder substances. However, the statistics show that many young people under the age of 25 have tried cannabis (approximately 20%) and the percentage who go on to use harder drugs such as heroin is very small (less than 2%). This shows that the argument that cannabis use leads to the use of harder drugs is unfounded. I believe that cannabis should be legalised. I have shown that in has many medical values and I believe that people should not be punished for using cannabis to relieve pain from debilitating conditions. However, the medical values are not without unpredictable side effects and I believe a lot more research into the medicinal use of cannabis is needed. The topic of the legalisation of cannabis will continue to be an area of debate until scientists are able to agree on the medical uses and possible side effect of cannabis."

  • Discuss the interplay of infectious agents and the immune system in pathogenesis of arthritis.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that there is much interplay between the immune system & infectious agents in the pathogenicity of arthritis. It is clear that there is a balance that needs to be achieved by the immune system in dealing with infectious agents - and it seems that subtle imbalances can lead to the most heinous of diseases. Although there is still much for the scientific community to learn about the mechanistic pathology involved, our current knowledge is allowing relatively effective treatment of different manifestations of arthritis and offering a continually improving prognosis for sufferers. Downing College Jubin Joseph"

  • The Difference between Person Centred and Psychodynamic therapy. Wheeler and McLeod (1995) briefly compare the key principles of Person Centred and Psychodynamic approach and critically evaluate where the approaches part company with one another

    "In conclusion I think that there are benefits to both of the counselling approaches and combined persons centred and psychodynamic approaches and together would be a good way to approach counselling however this is debated over widely and not always considered plausible but I think it depends on the therapists individual skills and the model of therapy they use with a client .overall I think that both approaches aim to help the client excel but have very different ways of approaching this and in terms of focusing on a individuals recovery and their overall well being I believe the person centred approach succeeds."

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