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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Comparing Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models of Health

    4 star(s)

    It is a reductionist view of illness. This means that it takes the simplest possible cause of the illness and applies the simplest cure. The biomedical model uses single factor causes and doesn't consider all the factors that lead to illness. For example the biomedical model would say smoking is the cause of heart disease, but not all smokers get heart disease so other factors must be involved.

    • Word count: 369
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Discuss Two Alternative Psychological Approaches To Abnormal Behaviour

    4 star(s)

    Some people have no self worth or confidence at all, either through something that has happened to them at some time or just simply because they are who they are. They constantly think of themselves as useless or stupid. Whatever they do in life they feel they haven't done good enough or could have done better. Although the aim of all cognitive therapy is the same, they differ slightly with different psychologists. Beck's idea was that depressives see themselves as victims, having negative thoughts about themselves, the world and the future, and these thoughts seem to come automatically and involuntarily.

    • Word count: 1879
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 10 P1 & P2. Reasons for a child entering the care system

    3 star(s)

    There are times when social workers and other professionals involved with the child?s safety they may be removed into care via the police or courts. In these cases children may need emergency fostering care for these children maybe needed for many months. Many children are able to return home after a period in foster care but some may move onto other family members who are to care for them rather than their birth parents where it is not possible for a child to return to their own family then we need to find a new permanent home for them this is when we look for adopters or for longer term foster carers depending on the needs of the children involved.

    • Word count: 1030
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss nature and nurture in health and social care

    3 star(s)

    People who believe in the nature part of the debate would think that because the child was exposed to drugs when they were younger, then they are more likely to be involved with drug use when they are of an older age. What is Nurture? Nurture is the other part of the debate and it is the opposite of nature.

    • Word count: 1289
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    Life stages . Aging - In this assignment I am going to assess the influence of the activity theory and the disengagement theory on social care provision.

    3 star(s)

    This kind of help includes help with washing, cleaning, and dressing. Additionally helping to cook, giving medication and helping with the shopping. The carers will talk to the older people and try to help with any problems they may have. Carers are there to make the person feel comfortable and if the person has no other family they at least have the carer to talk to and socialise with as a companion. Day centres include activities throughout the day such as cooking, discussions, and exercise and many more activities that involve the older people to help them hold on to their independence.

    • Word count: 2176
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the role of effective communication and interpersonal interaction in a health and social care context.

    3 star(s)

    Certain people wouldn?t be able to understand certain informal words so that is why you sometimes have to adjust your use of language. I observed an informal interaction between two 4 year olds, who were playing in the house area. During their role play they were pretending to be a doctor at a doctors surgery, however the language they were using was not what would be expected in a realistic situation. One of them told the other ?here?s a special drink, it tastes nice and it?ll make you feel better?.

    • Word count: 1386
  7. Marked by a teacher

    I shall be assessing the different psychological approaches and these are the psychodynamic, biomedical, behaviourist and cognitive approaches.

    3 star(s)

    However this can be seen as a disadvantage to others as the biomedical model is allowing patients to be dependant on doctors and their technology and they are not improving their lifestyle by themselves. For example people that are overweight are depending on surgery and gastric bands which are funded by the NHS and are not losing weight themselves by exercising. Moreover biomedical model also has some strength in its use of drug therapies as this therapy is effective in controlling psychological symptoms and this can be seen as treating the individual with illnesses such as depression.

    • Word count: 1016
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Human Lifespan Development Emotional Development from 0-65 years+

    3 star(s)

    However by 1 year old they can express emotions through tears and facial expressions. They are joyful, full of fun 2-5 years old At this stage children may show concern when another child is upset. In addition they can resents attention show by carer to other they can sometime be in control of their emotion responses and to resolve conflict, they can become emotionally stable but still prone to mood swings. 6-12years old At this stage children learn to cope with their emotional feelings such as: value, fear, anger, respect, love and jalousie. More ever they are able to join in team games and they are very sensible to criticism and they are not reacting well to a telling off especially in front of other people.

    • Word count: 679
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how one pierce of legislation, one policy and one code of practice could be applied to planning support for an individual

    3 star(s)

    The Act enables people to have access to their own information however the Act doesn?t allow information to be sent abroad. This act is very close to freedom of information 2000 because it has to be up to date and accurate, similarly it shouldn?t be kept more than it should, for its out of date as no purpose or protection anymore eg if a client passed away the information about clients should be removed after a certain time it?s all part of the law and must be followed, breaking of the law could lead to losing job and imprisonment.

    • Word count: 2471
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Personal and professional development - my learning influences and career choices

    3 star(s)

    Social networking may also have a positive influence in our learning process because it changes the way we communicate with other and speak. For example there are people who cannot communicate face to face, so they find it easy to communicate on social network. Another influence may be the internet and search engine sites such as Google, they have a positive influence on our learning process as they can search information very quickly which develops our knowledge and increases our learning process.

    • Word count: 1032
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the potential effects of five different life factors, on the development of an individual

    3 star(s)

    Infections can be very dangerous for the mother as well for the foetus, which can bring a bad effect on the child development. Some infections such as Rubella can cause impaired hearing or eye sight or even a damaged heart, other infections such as cytomegalovirus can cause deafness and learning difficulties. These infections can affect a child development and can cause other problems such as how they are treated by society because of these disabilities they pursued. This is why is important for expectant mothers to be vaccinated against these diseases to prevent the risks.

    • Word count: 1400
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders. Heart disease and Breast Cancer

    3 star(s)

    An increase of blood pressure is an increase of the force of blood against the walls of the arteries, and the higher the blood pressure the higher the likelihood the walls of the arteries can become damaged. This can lead to stiffness of the arteries making them less flexible which can lead to the buildup of cholesterol which can cause atherosclerosis; High levels of cholesterol, If the body takes in too much cholesterol, even after being used on cells the extra gets deposited inside the artery wall lining which can lead to atherosclerosis.

    • Word count: 834
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the potential factors of TWO predictable and TWO unpredictable major life events on the development of an individual

    3 star(s)

    mother at a very young age, her father wasn?t paying the best attention to her, also it could saddens her to know their house help would be her new step mother, school was a release of stress of family for Madonna, however Madonna took advantage of school because that was her social life as it helped her with her emotional as well Madonna was popular which could be advantage of her making new friends she was also in d cheerleading squad which would give her more chance to socialise even more, school gave Madonna education to be able to motivate her to go further with it, likewise opportunities in future such as university.

    • Word count: 799
  14. Marked by a teacher

    Describe the key principles of breast and bottle feeding

    3 star(s)

    Breastfeeding also helps delay or avoid eczema. 9. Breastfeeding also delays the return of the mother?s period. The benefits of breast feeding for a mother are: 1. Breast feeding reduces the risk of breast cancer. Women who breastfeed reduce their risk of developing breast cancer by as much as 25 per cent. The reduction in cancer risk comes in proportion to the increasing lifetime duration of breastfeeding. That is, the more months or years a mother breastfeeds, the lower her risk of breast cancer.

    • Word count: 1449
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Equality and diversity rights in a social care setting

    3 star(s)

    Prejudice- for the care worker to put aside own prejudice or change their own beliefs, they will need to think about their attitudes and how it will affect carer and client relationships. There are support groups and training available and this will give carers the opportunity to evaluate their beliefs and attitudes towards an ethnic minority. Stereotyping and labelling- stereotyping is when a person applies their own prejudices and beliefs that all members of a group are the same. Stereotyping in a health and social care setting can lead to discrimination.

    • Word count: 4731
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    Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services

    3 star(s)

    There was no relationship built between this health care professional and David on which he could trust his information to be kept private or for their communication between the two of them to be understood to help benefit their relationship. The potential effects of this discrimination can go on to include Marginalisation, Disempowerment, Low self-esteem and self-identity and even negative behaviours including aggression and criminality.

    • Word count: 880
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the potential effects of five different life factors on the development of an individual with cystic fibrosis.

    3 star(s)

    There can sometimes be faults within the (DNA) that can lead a baby to grow up having severe illness. A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes, especially a condition that is present from before birth. Most genetic disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions. A genetic disorder may or may not be a heritable disorder. Some genetic disorders are passed down from the parents' genes, but others are always or almost always caused by new mutations or changes to the DNA. In other cases, the same disease, such as some forms of cancer, may be caused by an inherited genetic condition in some people, by new changes in other people, and by non-genetic causes in still other people.

    • Word count: 2798
  18. Marked by a teacher

    Iinterpersonal communication. Write a reflective essay of the practice session discussing four key interpersonal skills you used or attempted to use.

    3 star(s)

    A simple definition of interpersonal communication is ? the verbal and non-verbal interaction between two independent people (DeVito 2007, pp. 14). There are different interpersonal skills that we use in different situations. Some of the main skills include, active listening, non-verbal communication, managing our emotions and practicing assertiveness. If skills such as these are executed correctly then effective communication will be achieved with little risk of confrontation. These skills were applied throughout my practice session, some effective, some not as effective.

    • Word count: 961
  19. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the role of effective communication and interpersonal interaction in a health and social care context.

    3 star(s)

    ?At 1pm Ian and Jessica, the ward manager begin the handover report. They describe the problems and care that each of the ICU patients have had that morning? The quotation above was taken from the case study which is a good example for the one to one communication. Ian and Jessica talk about the job at work and the problems they are dealing with. Group Communication According to Chandler, D. & Munday, R., 2011 ?The process by which verbal and non-verbal messages are exchanged between a limited numbers of people, usually from 3 to about 20.? ?Chloe arrives a

    • Word count: 1395
  20. Marked by a teacher

    Development from conception age to 16. Theories of development and my observation of a child

    3 star(s)

    Might show understanding of how others feel e.g. comforting a crying baby. Know and name the parts of their bodies, can point to them when asked. 3 years Can match primary colours. Can sort objects into categories, but usually only one criterion at a time e.g. all the cars from a selection of vehicles, but not the cars that are red. Ask a lot of 'why' questions. E.g. "why is the sky blue?" Can recite the number words, but not able to count beyond 2 or 3.

    • Word count: 4254
  21. Marked by a teacher

    An Investigation into Teenage Pregnancies within Wales and a Comparison with the Netherlands.

    3 star(s)

    Most teenage mothers are seen as ?bad parents?, and are sometimes looked down at in society, even though it is not a new thing, as teenage pregnancy has been at a high for more than a decade. In 2010, the Welsh Government released that the rate of conception for teenager?s age 15 ? 17 years was 40.1 per 1000 girls. The rate for girls under 16 years was 7.3 per 1000 girls. Young teenagers within Wales sometimes use pregnancy as an access into benefits and housing.

    • Word count: 1132
  22. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups

    3 star(s)

    This graph shows that manual workers die earlier compared to others. The males have a shorter lifespan compared to the females in all categories. Over the last century the health has improved steadily, however the link between the nature of people's jobs and their life expectancy is still there. From 1997 till 1999, life expectancy in England and Wales for males born in the professional category was 7.4 years more than for those born in the unskilled manual categories. This gap was smaller for women - 5.7 years.

    • Word count: 1741
  23. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the types of social care provision and trusts

    3 star(s)

    The national charities are funded by people all around the nation and can be worldwide as well. They can include major providers that support people who are in need of care alongside their families in the UK to improve their lives. However, a local charity is done on a smaller scale and helps care services in the local area, for example a hospice. Private provisional care means the care is provided to the patient directly while they pay at the time of the service. Many private and independent practises are available all around the country that only offers their services on a private base which patients have to pay for.

    • Word count: 781
  24. Marked by a teacher

    Childcare in Education Level 3 Unit 4. Health and Safety. A Routine for a 1 year old.

    3 star(s)

    When a child is having an asthma attack the practitioner should, remove the child from known triggers, if possible, such as perfumes or deodorants. Help the child rest in a sitting position as this helps the child to breathe easier. Keep the child relaxed by staying calm yourself and calming other children present. Administer medications as directed. Call emergency contacts if the child gets worse or does not respond to medication in 15 minutes. The practitioner must stay with the child and observe them closely until help arrives.

    • Word count: 3309
  25. Marked by a teacher

    Supportive Relationships in a care setting.

    3 star(s)

    preferred view > Many professionals in the past believed that they knew what was best for the patient and made their choices for them such as young girls with learning difficulties being sterilized without their permission to stop them from conceiving. > The development of trust between two people is an indication and the forming of an effective relationship. > The clients preferred language should be used whenever possible which may mean that a signer may be needed or an interpreter for those who do not have English as their first language.

    • Word count: 1293

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