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GCSE: Jonathan Swift

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  1. Gulliver's Travels. The saga of Lilliput is more fun and entertaining than that of Brobdingnag. Discuss.

    This acquiescence on the part of Gulliver to a people who, to him, are little more than dolls that walk and talk, is degrading on Gulliver's part, yet also funny, since his lack of humour and perspective leaves him open to ridicule. He, who can tow whole fleets and span an entire blustrug with a single step, is reduced to begging a miniature monarch for his freedom. Later on, he receives the ingratitude of the Lilliputians for the desecration of the royal palace, when he put out the fire by urinating on it.

    • Word count: 1557
  2. A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift How does Swift attempt to make his readers aware of the problems in Ireland with his pamphlet? To what extent do you think he succeeds?

    In the whole pamphlet he uses irony constantly to show satire and to horrify the public but sometimes you cannot always see the serious behind the writing. Swift sets up the proposal by giving the reader an insight into what someone might see as they walk through a town in Ireland in 1729. He describes the town (Dublin) as 'great' in the first paragraph but then carries on by saying that the streets are 'crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four or six children'.

    • Word count: 2288
  3. Compare the Way in which John Donne and Swift present the women in their poems: What impressions do

    This is because Corinna was often a name used in pastoral poetry and referred to a shepherd's wife, pastoral poetry was extremely fashionable around the time that Swift was writing and this is his way of satirising fashion. As the poem progresses it is apparent that this 'Nymph' is far from the ideal country woman that her name suggests, not only is her appearance and place in society different but also she lives in the centre of town and not the peaceful countryside; Swift uses Irony to capture the reader's attention and he is not only parodying pastoral poetry and

    • Word count: 2101
  4. What are the Objects of Swift's Satire in 'Gulliver's Travels' in the 'Voyages to Lilliput' and 'Brobdingnag', and How Does he Satirise Them?

    It's ironic then that Swift chose to write 'Gulliver's Travels' in the same style as famous travelogues, such as Daniel Defoe's 'A tour thro' the Whole Island of Great Britain', he did this to satirise and mock the style. To achieve his desired effect Swift used very long dramatic sentences made up by lots of short clauses, such as, 'Six of the crew, of whom I was one, having let down the boat into the sea, made a shift to get clear of the ship, and the rock'.

    • Word count: 2288
  5. Swift's Satire on Women in "Gulliver's Travels"

    And in Book-II, when the Brobdingnagian farmer shows Gulliver to his wife, she, upon seeing such a diminutive creature as it appears to the giants, screams "as women in England do at the sight of a toad or a spider." Swift satirizes the ugliness of female body, with which the women generally take a mighty pride, in Gulliver's account of the giant women's breast and Gulliver simply confesses that "no object ever disgusted me as much as the sight of her monstrous breast."

    • Word count: 970
  6. How effective is 'Modest Proposal' by Jonathon Swift

    Jonathan Swift's 'A Modest Proposal' is a satirical essay that disregards all humanity and morality for the sake of economic gain. In description, swift writes the proposal as a satire. A satire meaning when someone is making fun about something but in all of that is hiding some serious issue. In satire, sarcastic words are used to help show the reader ideas about problems and try to solve them. Sarcastic words are used in satire to build readers attention, and make issues interesting.

    • Word count: 1399
  7. Reading of 'A Modest Proposal' concentrating on how Swift criticised the society in which he lived. A Modest Proposal is a satirical pamphlet written by Jonathon Swift in 1729

    to draw attention to the government's refusal to do anything about child poverty and (3) to draw attention to the plight of the poor by showing that his proposal was no more monstrous than the situation that already existed. The text works by combining many elements of literary techniques, such as irony, shock tactics and moral pronouncements, in order to create the maximum response possible from the reader- shock. It can be suggested that this shock was hoped to achieve anger throughout the protestant communities and maybe to cause some civil unrest until something was done about it.

    • Word count: 1004
  8. In a Modest Proposal, by Jonathan Swift, the main objective was to draw attention to the plight of the Irish people and motiva

    Although something seems one way to the narrator, Jonathan Swift wants the reader to see it in an opposite light. Swift's opposition is indirectly presented. The author uses satire to accomplish his objective not only because he is able to conceal his true identity but also because it is the most effective way to awake the people of Ireland into seeing their own deprivation. Firstly, the narrative voice begins the essay by describing the horrible conditions in which the Irish peasants are living.

    • Word count: 978
  9. "A Modest Proposal"

    The meaning of the word 'proposal' is that he offers a solution, which we could use in future to prevent something. He is offering his plan and ideas. 'A Modest Proposal' gives a reader an idea about some simple plan or solution to a serious issue. Swift write satire because he is bitterly critical of poor people being treated badly, and most of all that children are making the situation even worst. Jonathan Swift draws reader into this issue by using sarcastic words and arguments which make this problem to look even worst.

    • Word count: 922
  10. Swift's Satire Rewrite

    "It is allowed on all hands, that the primitive way of breaking eggs before we eat them, was upon the larger end: but his present Majesty's grandfather, while he was a boy, going to eat an egg... happened to cut one of his fingers."(598) Swift portrayed his contempt for the way England declared war over trivialities. This is primarily criticized because the relevance of the situation is miniature, but the response is largely blown out of control. Swift says "The people so highly resented this law, that our histories tell us there has been six rebellions raised on that account; wherein one emperor lost his life and another his crown."(598)

    • Word count: 984
  11. Gulliver's Travels is a fine example of a satire in that there is bite in Swifts attacks on human behaviour and yet there is much to entertain and amuse, Discuss

    Swift does this many times, but he is also using to his advantage as an author. As he is putting across his views he is also pleasing both his younger audience and older by covering up the criticisms of the books times with an exhilarating fantasy story. An example of his humorous technique is when the inhabitants of Liliput are shown to select their politicians by seeing who is superior on a tight rope. The politicians are chosen by seeing who can jump the highest on a tight rope suspended two feet off the ground: Five or six of those

    • Word count: 1132
  12. Discuss the ways in which Swift criticises his society in 'A Modest Proposal'.

    We also see his disapproval towards the peasants because they are ruining everything. The first part of the pamphlet sounds like a normal, interesting idea discussing how to make these children useful to society, which makes the reader curious about what the narrator is talking about. The narrator is there to draw the reader in, and because the reader has related to the narrator; because the reader is a high class, wealthy Protestant like the narrator, the reader feels guilty at what rich people like themselves have done to the poor.

    • Word count: 1463
  13. Gulliver’s Travels by Joseph Zere.

    In fact people at the time (18th century) were incompetent people and didn't know how to their jobs, especially in politics. Jobs were allocated on the ground of tradition and family. Luckily and rightfully civil exams came in, and it was a big change, but at the time Swift wrote this book, there was nothing stopping a mental man getting a well-paid job. The issue that Swift is satirising is the ineptitude of a ruling class who value dancing more greatly than education.

    • Word count: 2155
  14. 'Gulliver's Travels', written by Jonathan Swift - a satire on British society

    Three particularly notable social/cultural practises in this land were the trivialities of war, ingratitude of humanity, and the arbitrary ways of the government. Gulliver's Travels is said to be a satirical text focusing on the cultural practises of the British society of that time. It firstly satirizes the trivialities of war. Swift achieves this in the voyage to Lilliput, by showing that both the British and Lilliputian wars were fought for small and trivial reasons. In Lilliput, Swift shows this element two weeks after Gulliver obtains his liberty.

    • Word count: 892
  15. Swifts 'A Modest Proposal' is considered to be one of the most effective pieces of satirical writing ever published. Discuss this statement in relation to the text.

    The more irony and sarcasm a writer uses, the greater the effect his writing has upon the audience. A Modest Proposal can therefore be considered as an idyllic piece of satirical writing, as Swift maintains his sarcastic and ironic views, from the title to the very last sentence. His proposal of eating children is rather an extreme one, but he calls it a modest proposal to enhance his sarcasm. The reason Swift comes up with this proposal is to solve the food and money shortage throughout the kingdom of Ireland. But what it really sets out to do is to make a mockery of people in those days.

    • Word count: 1030
  16. Gulliver in Brobdingnag.

    Odysseus in the cave of Cyclops would provide the best example. There are, no doubt, many who would argue that this incident in the Odyssey is not meant as humor. May we not at least wonder, however, if some of Homer's audiences didn't chuckle when they heard about how the "subtle" Odysseus outwitted the giant? It will be argued in the following that Swift's intention throughout Part II as a whole is comic irony, and that the passage to be analyzed typifies the situation in which Gulliver finds himself when surrounded by giants.

    • Word count: 1045
  17. Explain the effect a 'Modest Proposal', by Jonathan Swift has on the reader, including its power to shock.

    Jonathan Swift writes his 'A Modest proposal' pamphlet in a satirical style. It must clearly be understood that Swift's ideas aren't those of entire truth; his points are there to be persuasive in a satirical manner. 'A Modest Proposal' is straight forward and rational-but his matter of fact style makes it more shocking. He explains and justifies his ideas very clearly and dismisses other people's opinions: 'maturely weighed the several schemes of other projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in the computation.'

    • Word count: 1172
  18. Discuss the similarities and differences in themes and ideas as shown in a modest proposal and stone cold.

    My work reflects this belief." This clearly reflects the belief Swindells had after writing his book. The experiences he had were so horrendous that any human would not be able to survive them. Swindells was angry because the Conservative government of the time did not seem to care about the homeless. One MP complained saying that it's terrible having to step over homeless while he was walking to the opera. Swift wrote his pamphlet as he was concerned about the social and political system of that time; the age of reason. Swift at the age of 27 became a clergy man in Dublin and wrote about politics and religion.

    • Word count: 1555
  19. Gulliver's Travels S.A.

    Some of the words Swift uses are formal and pompous an example of one of these words is, 'Leathern Jerkin,' This is a posh word for a leather coat, it's effect on the reader is it shows them that Gulliver is a well educated man who has a wide vocabulary. I believe that this was swift's intention. This is the affect as it had on me as a reader. In the whole book there are a lot of long paragraphs longer than you would normally find in a book today.

    • Word count: 951
  20. Discuss the similarities and differences in themes and ideas as shown in Stone Cold and Modest Proposal.

    It was written in 1729 by Jonathan Swift. Swift was often known by people as a brilliant and witty writer. His other works were also very good. Some of his works include Gullivers Travels and the Battle of the Books. Although his books were very good, they sometimes had strange storylines. This made the public think that he was on the brink of insanity. As he got older this became a reality and this caused his death in 1745. The satire A Modest Proposal is also about homelessness.

    • Word count: 1069
  21. Although the two texts are written 250 years apart where the problem of homelessness was first outlined by Jonathan Swift it is still a big problem today as Robert Swindells outlines in his text.

    For example, Who, as they have already devoured most of the Parents, seem to have the best title to the children, which means the landlords have already eaten most of the parents and seem to have the best right to the children, which I feel means the landlords don't really care about the poor. I also think this is a savage comment. Another problem outlined in the two texts is that of unemployment. In 'Stone Cold' Swindells shows the problem of unemployment when Link goes to find a job and is turned down because he doesn't have a fixed address.

    • Word count: 2132
  22. Comparing Animal Farm and Gulliver's Travels

    There will always be people who are not content with being equal and will rise to become leaders and dictators. The Characters Each of the characters in Animal Farm represents somebody who had something to do with the Russian Revolution. George Orwell has cleverly disguised different human characteristics and qualities into his characters. For example, he chose the normal Russian peasant to be portrayed by a horse. Horses are known to be hard working. This is exactly how Orwell wanted to portray the peasants.

    • Word count: 4259
  23. How is satire used in these two texts to help inform the reader about what is wrong with the society at the time? Provide specific examples and show how using humour can be successful means for dealing with more serious issues.

    The one main difference is that Swift cannot be openly satirical as he is writing at a time when the people he satirised where still alive. The playwrights of Blackadder are not under the same tweat as Swift Here are examples of satire, which are found through Black Adder and how they are effective in expressing the writers disapproval of society Ordinary people are not permitted to vote therefore have no say in how both their lives and their country is run.

    • Word count: 853
  24. Discuss the ways in which Jonathon Swift and George Orwell create a sense of disgust in the reader in 'Gulliver's Travels', 'A Modest Proposal' and 'How The Poor Die'. Whose approach do you find more effective and why.

    Orwell tugs at the emotions of his readers by discussing how people were 'dying among strangers'. Statements like that horrify the reader, but in a different manner to Swift's more basic descriptions of bodily functions, as can be seen when Gulliver visits Lilliput. Swift disgusts the reader causing them to be outraged and recoil in horror. Orwell however, uses more subtlety and the effect is that the reader feels pity and empathises with the poor patients in this hospital. In 'A Modest Proposal', Swift gains his readers' trust and interest by beginning with the ironic title then shocking them with his vile idea.

    • Word count: 1381
  25. An Analysis of Swift's "A Modest Proposal"

    The persona Swift has adopted is that who is malicious, savage and inhumane. He is a fiercely left-wing economist who is fascist to the extent that one could compare him to a Nazi. Although he tries to give an objective, sensible tone, he reveals his intolerance to the homeless on numerous occasions. He refers to the birth of children of the homeless, as being "dropped from its dam". This phrase is more commonly used for animals, rather than humans, so by using this phrase, Swift's persona is comparing the homeless to animals and thinks of them at the same level.

    • Word count: 806

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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