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University Degree: Applied Sociology

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 2
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Since all sorts of gender inequality continues to exist today, and some of the people and institutions that perpetuate the inequality appear unwilling to change, the contemporary family structure could be the starting point to remedy gender inequality in

    4 star(s)

    Individuals' chromosomal and hormonal differences are what physically construct the male and female sexes. However, it is not sex that determines the specific gender role men or women take. Sex is one's "nature" (what is biological), and gender is one's "nurture" (what is social). Furthermore, it is these biological differences and the social and cultural impacts of gender that continue to lead the contemporary family structure to be the root of gender inequality in the United States. Gender inequality is the inequality between men and women in terms of wealth, income, and status.

    • Word count: 1582
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Cultural Aging. This paper is designed to illustrate a cultural or ethnic group of my choosing and how they feel about the aging process.

    3 star(s)

    Most African Americans are the descendants of captive Africans held in the United States from 1619 to 1865. Blacks from the Caribbean whose ancestors immigrated, or who immigrated to the United States, also traditionally have been considered African American, as they share a common history of predominantly central Africans roots or west African, the middle passage and slavery. In the past, it was these people who were referred to and self-identified collectively as the American Negro, who now generally consider themselves African Americans.

    • Word count: 1206
  3. African Society. This study seeks to highlight why some people in the case study felt that alcohol controlled behavior.

    They provide a systematic way of looking at events, collecting data, analyzing information, and reporting the results. As a result the researcher may gain a sharpened understanding of why the instance happened as it did, and what might become important to look at more extensively in future research. Case studies lend themselves to both generating and testing hypothesis. According to Lamneck (2005) another suggestion is that case study should be defined as a research strategy, an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within it's real- life context. Case study research means single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions.

    • Word count: 3492
  4. Deprived Areas of Baltimore. I chose to attend the Coppin State University versus Towson University basketball game for my spaces of sport paper. I decided to use this event because Coppin State has a very high minority percentage. I am a Caucasian male

    I chose to attend the Coppin State University versus Towson University basketball game for my spaces of sport paper. I decided to use this event because Coppin State has a very high minority percentage. I am a Caucasian male from a middle class background so I have never been exposed to an environment where I was the minority before. The area of where I am from consists of only white middle to upper class people and I have never had many interactions with minorities before.

    • Word count: 2689
  5. Same Sex Adoption. While society or sectors of society may regard parenting by gay couples with suspicion, there is no convincing scientific evidence to suggest that children raised by same-sex parents suffer any serious deficits or are deviant in any se

    Cara and Dan Schmidt took screaming baby Jessica from her home in 1993 when they won their court battle to get her back (Casey 119). Baby Jessica is just one of the many victims of child custody battles in America. January 23, 2000 marked the twenty-seventh anniversary of the Roe v. Wade case. It all started out in a small town in Texas where a woman under the alias Jane Roe filed a case in district court for a woman's right to choose abortion.

    • Word count: 2264
  6. In this essay I aim to analyse quantitative data which is based on the question of What causes negative attitudes towards asylum seekers?

    is 712. It would be more appropriate to then display numerically how many people opted for which answer. We can see that whilst the most popular answer was 'agree', the lack of specificity in the chart makes it difficult to say precisely how many people agreed or by what exact percentage 'agree' was the most popular choice. Overall however it is clear the combined percentages in 'strongly agree' and 'agree' outweigh the combined percentages in 'strongly disagree' and 'disagree'. There are problems in this chart arising from the lack of source as well as the omission of a significance score for the result.

    • Word count: 1331
  7. At the moment, Zimbabwe has come into the forefront of discussion for blood diamond dealing. A country formerly plagued by human rights abuse, has gone even more downhill because of a greedy and corrupt government.

    Most recently Zimbabwe has been the subject of human rights abuse as a result of their diamond trafficking. In order to end financing of the wars and human rights abuse, The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was established in 2003 to confirm that diamonds are legitimate and conflict free. This is comparable to the Clean Diamond Trade Act enacted by the U.S. around the same time. The process entailed that shipments of rough diamonds over international borders should be in tamper resistant containers and accompanied by a certificate from the Kimberley Process (diamondfacts.org).

    • Word count: 1325
  8. Research Outline. A study of social class and educational achievement

    Students from high class families do perform better when subjected in same school environment with students from either low or middle classes families (Taylor, 2006). They show that all is based on the social status the student belongs to; concluding that there is great correlation between social background and one's achievement in line of education (Taylor, 2006). Richard Garner also in his article suggests that social class plays a role in academic achievement of students (Garner, 2008). His description on the actual conditions of a student from low class family in relation to what could make one perform better, clearly suggests that social class could have an influence on success of a student (Garner, 2008).

    • Word count: 1363
  9. The Effects of Designating English as the Official Language of the United States

    To date, twenty-six states have declared English their official language. Of these 26 declarations, 21 have been since 1980 (Schildkraut, 2001). English should be designated as the official language of the United States to not only preserve unity for us as Americans but to improve overall communication. America has a language barrier issue that over the years has turned a few heads. There are many people that come to the United States every year, in which case this is why this topic is so important, and why it really needs to be addressed.

    • Word count: 1847
  10. Is globalization new and inevitable? Discuss with reference to EITHER culture, economics OR politics.

    Individuals all around the world can communicate within the internet or by phone any time they want. Accidents which happen in one country are seen on the television in another country within minutes. These are just some of the global changes, which are occurring in many aspects of people's lives. In April 1986 there was an accident in Chernobyl, USSR, a nuclear power station exploded and as a result a cloud was carrying radioactive particles across all Europe (David Held,2004,p.18), this example demonstrates stretched social relations, when events, decision or accidents happen on one side of the world having an impact on the other.

    • Word count: 1614
  11. Show how gender may be important in forming our identities

    There are two gender categories, male and female. There are three possible ways to decide which gender category individual belongs to. First is anatomical evidence. This refers to the appearance of people's bodies and their genitalia. It can be complicated by clothes which people wear. Second is genetic evidence, this is the individual's DNA, which contain sex chromosomes. Usually human has two X chromosomes (woman) or one X and one Y (man). But sometimes could happen, than a human has more than two sexual chromosomes, then the person could find themselves to be re-categorized. Third is socially constructed evidence.

    • Word count: 857
  12. The Ethnic Groups of South Africa and their effects on its society.

    Afrikaners are people who are originally from the Netherlands, Germany, France, or Flanders. One notable Afrikaner is F. W. de Klerk, the former State President of South Africa (Johnson, 1995). English South Africans are people who are originally from England, other Western countries, and the Jews. One notable English South African is the lawyer, politician, diplomat and anti-apartheid leader Harry Schwarz (Mitchell, 2002). Some White South Africans have even made big names in Hollywood. One example is that of the Academy Award-winning actress Charlize Theron (Karsten, 2009).

    • Word count: 2532
  13. The Problem of Obesity in the Youth of America.

    The heart of the matter is that our culture lacks the knowledge to break this cycle. Education is the best way to address the problem of childhood obesity. As we look into our cultures background we that in earlier times it was common for families to have numerous children. With the lack of healthcare, money, and resources children in general were needed to help out around the house to maintain it and secure a living for the family. Today's households have changed yet this characteristic of foraging has lasted through today where health research has finally had the courage to address this cultural issue.

    • Word count: 1301
  14. The History and Evolution of Birth Control

    The Ancient Greeks took a similar approach to birth control but instead of food they used oils such as olive oil, lead ointment, frankincense oil, cedar oil, and an ancient plant called silphium (a large cousin to the fennel plant which, because of such high demand, was extinct by the fourth century A.D.). While barriers such as condoms were documented as far back as about 3000 B.C. but were used as a protection against disease rather than the prevention of pregnancy.

    • Word count: 1296
  15. The Life and Accomplishments of Edwin Sutherland. Edwin Sutherland was a sociologist who was passionate at trying to define and explain crime and criminal behavior.

    Sutherland devoted his life and gained public recognition as one of this country's leading criminologist through teaching, writing, and research (Odum, H. W. 1951). Even though his strict upbringing is what shaped his life and career, as an adult Edwin Sutherland didn't follow the Baptist fundamentalism lifestyle, he enjoyed things like smoking, bridge, golf and movies (J. Robert Lilly, Richard A. Ball, Francis T. Cullen, 2011 p. 269). Sutherland's work was also greatly influenced by a number of worldly events that took place within his life time.

    • Word count: 1716
  16. Gang Leader for a Day: The Ethical Concerns and Questionable Motives Behind a Rogue Sociologist. Sudhir Venkatesh, the rogue sociologist took to the Chicago streets in the most notorious housing projects in search of people to take part in his survey o

    Meanwhile, the gang members he befriended are left with the same poverty and social marginality. Sudhir Venkatesh befriends JT, the leader of the Black Kings gang for purely personal motives. At the end of the study, JT and the members of the Black Kings have not benefitted from the study or gained anything from it. On page 143 of the novel, Venkatesh states, "the next day I'd wake up free of the hundreds of obligations and judgments I'd been witness to.

    • Word count: 2068
  17. The Art of Choosing. Sheena Iyengar presents a revolutionary book on the most fundamental and mundane aspect of human survival making choices. The Art of Choosing is ground breaking in that Iyengar deconstructs and analyzes the complex relations

    To eliminate this discomfort, it is necessary to adjust one's attitude in line with one's behaviour." (Crisp & Turner 2010; 381) People often feel bad when they perform a behaviour that is inconsistent with their attitude - this can be seen as internal imbalance. People will look for ways to try to explain the dissonance and if nothing is available, they will resort to the only means left to resolve the discrepancy, and that is to change their attitude so that it matches their behaviour.

    • Word count: 3175
  18. The Comparison of Ethnographies, Surveys, Experiments and Other Key Factors When Choosing a Research Design

    Finally, a detailed conclusion should be induced. The Comparison of Ethnographies, Surveys and Experiments in Terms of Validity and Reliability Whether during the research work or once it is completed, researchers must usually consider the validity and the reliability of their research (Thietart et al. 2001). Assessing the reliability of a research consists of different processes involved and repeated, but the results are always the same. In other words, reliability means the outcomes are not necessarily depends on the difference of occasions, such as varied researchers and at different time.

    • Word count: 1959
  19. Crimes of Obedience: Power of Authority on Ordinary People

    The experiment was presented by him so: "I set up a simple experiment at Yale University to test how much pain an ordinary citizen would inflict on another person simply because he was ordered by an experimenter scientist" (Milgram, p.1) . There were nearly 1000 participants in the Milgram's 20 variations. The experiment was introduced to participants as a study about effects of punishment on learning. The participants are chosen as teacher and learner to make more believable, but actually all of them were teachers.

    • Word count: 2468
  20. The report into the tragic death of David Bennett has shown beyond doubt the importance of stepping up efforts to improve mental health care for black people in Britain," Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health (SCMH) chief executive Dr Matt Muijen said

    Nevertheless for the next 13 years DB was in and out of mental institutions, over medicated and generally feared due to his athletic physique and the colour of his skin. The inquiry found that there were many instances of racial abuse towards DB by other patients which was not dealt with appropriately. It also found that DB's cultural, social and religious needs were not met On the night of his death, David Bennett was removed from the Drayton Ward to the Norvic clinic following an incident with a white patient.

    • Word count: 3347
  21. Should children who commit crimes be seen as responsible for their actions?

    The final approach to be discussed will be that of the applied approach. Elements from both scientific and social constructionism can be drawn from for this approach, but concentrating mainly on the practical issues and questions of how children should and have been cared for, how they have been brought up. Ways to support their development and ultimately in deciding what should be done when they have committed a crime. There are two main models of law dealing with such issues, namely the justice model and the welfare model. According to the scientific approach, children's ability to reason and make moral choices depends on their cognitive developmental stage.

    • Word count: 1518
  22. Free essay

    It is morally wrong to allow young children to fight in armed conflicts? Discuss

    Cole and Cole psychologists on violence define aggression as 'an act in which someone intentionally hurts another.' (Montgomery, 2009, P.148) Other theorists claim that aggression and violence are learned rather then being part of them already. So where do we draw the line between aggression and just rough and tumble play? Nicholas Blurton Jones carried out a study looking at aggression and rough and tumble play in an attempt to draw a distinction. Based on detailed studies of facial and bodily movements he found that, aggression in children is composed of - Frown, fixate, hit, push, and take-tug-grab.

    • Word count: 2211
  23. The Damaging of Thumos. In Dorothy Allisons Two or Three Things I Know for Sure and Skin: Talking About Sex, Class and Literature she explores the effects of being generalized at a young age and how it affected her identity and self worthiness through he

    (p.13, Skin). She goes on to say how she did not want to be they anymore and how by being generalized to a certain group would lead her to never having the chance to "name her own life, understand it, or claim it" (p.13, Skin). While people outside of her social class generalized her, the people within her social class as well as her family, made her eternalize these generalizations. Her family on a regular basis would call each other ugly.

    • Word count: 1438
  24. What factors have contributed to the prolonging of childhood in Britain?

    Looking back through history, childhood was not always thought of in a positive way. Schooling was for a very brief time, usually until the child/children were old enough to go out to work, or schooling was never even attended. Many families had children so that they could go out to work and help bring in an income to the family unit and it is from here we can obtain evidence about child labour to back this suggestion. Britain was the first country to combat the problem about children working in factories and mines, these prompted long discussions about the type of schooling which should be made available and the amount of education that each child should have.

    • Word count: 2048
  25. Assess the role of education in society, in particular the link between education, social mobility, life chances, employment, race and gender.

    Functionalists also believe that we should live in a meritocratic society, where those who work hard will ascend in society and those that decide not to further their education will not benefit from the privileges that society has to offer them. 'Education is the influence exercised by adult generations on those that are not yet ready for social life. Its object is to develop in the child a certain number of physical , intellectual and moral states which are demanded of him by both the political society as a whole and the special milieu for which he is specifically destined.'

    • Word count: 1920

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Critically evaluate the cognitive approach to psychology

    "In conclusion to the cognitive approach within psychology, it is clear to see that the cognitive approach has under gone a lot of changes over the years in regards to what aspects to study in order to fully understand what the approach is about. Many studies have arisen trying to explain how we process information, our cognitive processes and so on. As quoted at the beginning of this essay from Groome (2006) in regards to what cognitive psychology is, it is evident from the research I have done that it is a very broad term and can often lead to different interpretations. The cognitive approach, however has often lead to different applications, for example, it has been very beneficial to those who have dysfunctional thoughts, feelings and behaviours. So I can conclude that cognitive psychology is still an on going approach and therefore does not provide us with a true and clear picture of what actually goes on within our information processing stages."

  • Compare and contrast the approach into studying children's friendships taken in the Bigelow and La Gaipa (1974) study with that taken by Wiiliam Corsaro.

    "To conclude, we need to look at each researchers methods to be able to see the discrepancies between Corsaro's findings with that of Bigelow and La Gaipa, which shows the implications of the contrasts in their research which has been highlighted in the essay. Therefore, by Corsaro using ethnography and exploring children's TMA 02 - Darlene Duncan - T1878621 - Page 05 activities as a participant, he is able to collate more complex and detailed data than Bigelow and La Gaipa during their resrearch, because research methods such as theirs, essay writing about friendship expectations, may yield an incomplete picture of a child's understanding of the social world. As Corsaro himself said, "I think we really need in our research is to remember that it's important to focus on children in their present lives. The future of childhood is in the present". (Interview with William Corsaro, 2010)."

  • Evaluate the claim that British identity is defined by shared values.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that the British identity is not a simple matter, the nation is not fixed or permanent and things are constantly changing. There are a number of influences that have contributed towards the British identity, and this can be defined through relationships between people and place, imagined communities, diverse societies and shared cultures that form a national identity. Culture is claimed by some people to be the habits, practices and values of a way of life, Raymond Williams (1958) (cited in Clarke, 2009, p.219) claimed that there are selective traditions that cause some aspects to be excluded, despite the view that cultural products are common to all residents, It is clear that there are a lot of sources from which to gain information about the portrayals of the British identity, although one should also take into account the writers or speakers interest or role in the matter, because they can often manipulate the wording to give or enhance particular significance."

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