Explain Why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973
Explain Why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 In 1973, US troops were withdrawn from service in Vietnam after peace talks in Paris. The Paris peace agreement drawn up that year stated that all US troops should be withdrawn and that the North would recognise the South Vietnamese government. This treaty marked the end of the war, at least for America, and was the apparent cause for the withdrawal of troops. However, this treaty is not the only reason that troops were withdrawn, many circumstances led up to this agreement and these also played key roles in the US decision to vacate troops. Democracy in the United States was an important cause, which along with others led to the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam in 1973. Public support is a vital consideration in any democratic system of government and the US democracy meant the lack of public support for the war demanded a swift end to the conflict. Although public support for the war had been lacking from the very beginning, it was particularly evident during the later stages, when mass protests were organised. In 1971, just two years before the withdrawal, over 300,000 people participated in the Veterans' March and many smaller demonstrations took place around the country. The freedom of speech that comes with democracy allowed people to voice their opinions around the country and pressured the
Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.
History Coursework Rebecca Trenner . Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973. The United States withdrew its forces in Vietnam for many reasons, but mainly because they saw no prospect of victory. The number of US casualties was increasing and the Vietcong seemed able to absorb any number of losses. Public opinion in the US was turning against the war and Nixon knew that his prospects of a second term depended on winning over public opinion. Also the US was getting little support from the South Vietnamese government whilst the Vietcong had support from China and the USSR. The Vietcong were much better adapted to fighting in the jungle than the US. Unlike conventional wars in which the Americans had fought, the war in Vietnam had no defined front lines. The intense heat made it difficult for them to see where they were going, carry weapons and move swiftly. As much of Vietnam was covered in jungle, swamp and paddy fields, it soon became clear that the terrain was unsuitable for tanks. This led to an increase in the use of helicopters as troop carriers and heavy goods vehicles for moving guns, vehicles, ammunition, supplies and even boats across jungles and hills. Helicopters added to the already tremendous cost of the war. Their control of the air also counted for little, as it was difficult for them to see through the dense jungle,
Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973
DEAN BECKETT 11Y Explain why the US withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973 !!!!ROUGH COPY!!!! Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 Dean Beckett 11Y In this essay I am going to explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973. I will start by explaining the main events leading up to the withdrawal. In January 1968 the Vietcong attacked the Americans when they least expected it. This was the Tet offensive; it proved to the Americans that the Vietcong were winning the war. The massacre of innocent civilians at My Lai was kept a secret from the American public, the massacre eventually became public knowledge and the peace movement increased as a result of this. In 1969 after Nixon had replaced Johnson there was a withdrawal of 25,000 troops. America did not have the ability to win the war. The Vietcong used guerrilla tactics which involved setting traps and ambushing their opponents. The Americans were not trained to fight against guerrilla warfare and were not trained to fight in the jungles of Vietnam. The Vietcong were very determined to win the war. The morale amongst American soldiers was low because they did not want to fight and the war effort wasn't fully supported by the American civilians. Once the Americans realised they were unable to win the war and that they were sending innocent men to their deaths
Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973
Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 Vietnam is a country 9000 miles away from the USA. The country as a whole had been threatened by Communism for many years. The victory over the French in 1954 led many Americans to believe Communism was taking over the world. The war was one of the most controversial of the 20th Century. The atrocities shocked the world, with the USA eventually conceding defeat in 1973 to the Vietcong's Guerrilla tactics. During the Second World War, it was impossible for France to defend her overseas empire. The Japanese made a "request" to move their troops into French Indo-China during July 1941. The French authorities were too weak to refuse. Five months later Asia and the Pacific were at war. A remarkable rebel leader, Ho Chi Minh, came back to Vietnam at this time. He joined with other Nationalists and Communists to fight against the foreign invaders. In 1941, he founded a resistance movement, the Vietcong. In the last years of the Second World War (1943-1945) they fought a successful guerrilla campaign against the Japanese and French. They were led by a brilliant military leader, General Vo Nguyen Giap. By the time of the Japanese surrender in August 1945, Ho Chi Minh controlled a substantial part of Vietnam, later announcing a new Democratic Republic. The French, having recovered from World War II, wanted to
Explain why the United Stateswithdrew its forces from Vietnamin 1973?
Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973? In this essay I will explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam and explain the main long term and short term factors that influenced the decision to withdraw its forces and cease all military operations in Vietnam. Vietnam was a French colony before World War Two but due to their defeat at the hands of Hitler it was issued to the Japanese, who where part of the axis partnership. The Japanese ill-treated the Vietnamese and used them as slaves in the war effort. A man called Ho Chi Minh lead an organised group in the uprising against their Japanese oppressors and soon forced them from Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was a communist and ruled Vietnam as a communist state. The Americans here, showed first their first signs of interest as they did not want communism to spread to other countries. This theory of communism spreading was called the Domino Effect. America wanted to try and detain communism and used the UN to isolate China by placing trade sanction upon them which lead to them relying more and more upon the USSR for trade. This strengthened their relationship and lead to an increase in communist movements in Asia. After World War Two, France were left very weak in the sense of political, economical and social since their country had been invaded and remained under axis
Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965
GCSE History Coursework: Denis Harley Assignment Two; Question One Question: Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965? There are many reasons as to why the US became more and more involved in Vietnam. I will talk about all of these reasons, but the main, underlying fact is: The Cold War. The Cold War was about the building up of nuclear threats and arms between the then two world super powers; Russia (USSR) and America (USA). After World War 2, the USSR hated the US and Vice Versa. Here are a few of the reason why the USSR hated America: Russia was not invited to the Treaty of Versailles, after they helped defeat the Germans in the First World War (However this decision was not totally unjust). At the T.o.V. they lost land, without even being asked. Another reason for the hatred was during the 1930's, running up to WW2, Communist Russia and their leader, Josef Stalin asked for an alliance with the West (including the USA), so they would have someone to back them up if Germany invaded. The West turned a cold shoulder, meaning that Stalin had to sign the Nazi-Soviet pact with 'the enemy', Adolph Hitler and his Germany. An additional motive was the fact that Russia, after Germany attempting to invade, (thus breaking the Nazi-Soviet pact) had to fight against Germany for three years without
Britain and the First World War.
Year 11 Coursework Depth Study: Britain and the First World War ) In 1917 when the Americans joined in the First World War on the side of the allies the Germans were starting to loose the war because of the strong British navy who had been blockading Germany by sinking supply ships and stopping food, rubber, oil and fodder from entering Germany, as Germany had done to Britain in 1915 hence stopping food supplies from reaching the tiring German Army on the western front. This blockade meant that German troops were fatigued and the German civilians were loosing confidence in their war effort because they had little food supplies reaching them and so they were loosing morale, The Americans joined the war on 1st of April 1917 because they had many innocent Americans killed when a German Submarine sunk the American liner in their Campaign of 'unrestricted submarine warfare'. In addition Germany made an attempt in the 'Zimmerman' telegram to get Mexico to ally with her and this proved to close to America as it was inside their circle of influence and this annoyed America. America had stayed neutral until 1917 but "German provocation tipped the balance" (T.H Johnson). America had been using the war to make money by loaning the European countries cash Britain being the biggest loaner and so when America joined the war it is no surprise it joined with the British and the Allies.
Britain and the First World War, 1914-1918 Sources Questions
BRITAIN AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR, 1914-1918 ) The posters shown in sources A and B were published before 1916 and the poster shown in source C was published after 1916. We know this because the poster in source C was published by the American government and the U.S.A. did not join the war until 1917. We also know that sources A and B were published before 1916 as the posters, published by the British government, are recruiting volunteers and volunteers only. The term conscription means being forced to fight for your country. Conscription was only introduced in Britain in 1916 so the posters in source A and B must have been produced before 1916. 2) Sources A, B and C have many similarities and differences: Firstly, all the posters are source of propaganda. Secondly, they are all posters for the allied forces that give a swift message, encouraging people to fight for their country. Sources A and B do not make any explicit reference to Germany or her allies; source C does and tells Americans to "destroy this mad brute", referring to the picture of the vicious gorilla. Sources A and B are emotional blackmail whereas source C is more dramatic. In sources A and B we can see clear signs of emotional blackmail. This is making whoever is reading it think as though it is his "duty to fight" and makes him feel a certain amount of guilt if he doesn't. Source C, on the other hand,
Britain in the age of Total War
History Coursework: Britain in the age of Total War Q1 Between 1940 and 1941 several major cities were bombed by the Germans for a number of reasons, it led up to this back in 1938. Were Britain and France had promised to defend Poland and Romania, but Hitler still attacked Poland without Britain stepping in. Britain had prepared Britain's defences in case Germany bombed, but for 6 months Germany didn't bomb them. This was called the Phoney war because neither side attacked each other which were likely to happen between them. Germany had captured France later on and drove the British and French forces out of France in Dunkirk, where the British and French were successfully evacuated out of France away from the huge advancing German army. Now Hitler had control of France next he wanted to get Britain out of the war. He couldn't march his army into Britain using the Blitzkrieg tactics which were successful in defeating Poland because it was an Island, also he couldn't launch a land invasion because the English channel was swarming with British naval ships so he tried to capture Britain using the air were he sent his air force into Britain where the Battle Of Britain began. But the Battle of Britain was a failure and Hitler's air force was no match for the RAF. Hitler's next strategy was to bomb the major cities of Britain like London and industry cities. His planes would
Bletchley Park . Describe the organisation and work of people at Bletchley Park. Bletchley Park was a small estate 50 miles outside London. Bletchley Park, codenamed 'Station X' was an evacuation site for MI6 and the government code and cypher school (Gccs). This location was chosen, as it was far away from London that the Germans would not consider it a worthwhile target to attack. It was founded in 1939 after world war two had started and aimed to break encoded German Messages that were sent using 'Enigma'. Station X was so important that when several code breakers wrote a letter to Winston Churchill asking for more money (because of coming under intense pressure) Churchill's immediate respond was that 'make sure they have all that they want extreme priority and report to me that this has been done'. In Britain there were 'Y stations' where the messages were intercepted. Once a message had been intercepted it would appear as Gibberish. This was because the enigma changed every letter. The German operators of the Enigma had to change the rota settings every day. These rota settings were what the code breakers of Bletchley Park had to figure out. Once they had figured out the settings they could then read all the messages for that day. They had to figure out the new rota settings every day of the war. These were Seventeen thousand five hundred and seventy six different