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GCSE: Robert Browning

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  1. Robert Browning, The reniassance and The Duke of Ferrara

    and learned Latin, Greek, French and Italian by the time he was fourteen. He attended the University of London in 1828, the first year it opened, but left in discontent to pursue his own reading at his own pace. This somewhat idiosyncratic but extensive education has led to difficulties for his readers: he did not always realize how obscure were his references and allusions. In the 1830s he met the actor William Macready and tried several times to write verse drama for the stage. At about the same time he began to discover that his real talents lay in taking a single character and allowing him to discover himself to us by revealing more of himself in his speeches than he suspects-the characteristics of the dramatic monologue.

    • Word count: 974
  2. How does Robert Browning use language and structure to create effect in The Laboratory ?

    She can't think about anything else and is in rapt with other people's perceptions of her life. She then says they 'laugh laugh' at her, again suggesting a paranoid persona who will interpret anything around her as negative attitudes towards her. She believes she is being mocked by 'they' and everyone else around her. She has no trust whatsoever and utter embarrassment is forced upon her and consequently she is forced to act.

    • Word count: 512
  3. Analyzing 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover'

    The rhythm in 'Porphyria's Lover' is ababb however in 'My Last Duchess' it is abab. 'Porphyria's Lover' tells the story of a man who obsesses over his lover (Porphyria) who is of a higher class than him. Eventually this leads to him killing her to make her his forever. "And, stooping", this is ambiguous and could mean that she is stooping to someone of a lower class or that she is physically stooping to his level. This along with "glided in Porphyria" indicates that Porphyria is from a higher class than her lover. Porphyria is also a married woman.

    • Word count: 702
  4. the laboratory, hitcher and education for leisure presents the theme of crime

    It also shows that the poem is written in present tense creating a sense of immediacy. The repetition of the word "laugh" shows the writers enthusiasm towards the reader's perception of the speaker as emotionally distraught. The poem 'Education for leisure' also used a dramatic persona. This appears to be a murderer: 'Today I am going to kill something' This demonstrates that the poem is written in present tense to give it a sense of danger, because crime could occur at any given moment.

    • Word count: 660
  5. Fictional Coursework Base On MY LAST DUCHESS By Robert Browning (1812-1889) Set After Four years of their Marriage

    Every time he offers me wine, my emotions tell me the wine is poisoned. Whenever we have supper together, I wonder if the food is poisonous as if I were on the edge of my life. Being in that gloomy atmosphere in his huge, dark dinning hall makes me feel nerves, both towards my husband and this place. If I had a second choice, I would rather not know anything about his previous wife, their relationship, nothing at all. However, God, you have designed my path for me.

    • Word count: 976
  6. A Toccata of Galuppi's' is a dramatic monologue by Robert Browning in which the persona is critical of Galuppi's music. As Galuppi plays his somber toccata and expresses contempt for the decadent lifestyle that his listeners seem to lead

    Indeed, the poem carries with it a heavy warning of why we shouldn't waste our lives immersed in frivolity. This message is delivered by Galuppi's toccata to those dancing to his music. As the music's sobriety hits them and they contemplate the inevitability of death, Browning communicates to us his critical views on the sense of corruption and decay that urban lifestyles increasingly embody. Yet the persona, who is the prime focus of dramatic monologues, contradicts Galuppi's message, and the poem's structure accentuates this contradiction. The structure is actually one of the most interesting parts of the poem, because a rigid trochaic octameter with fifteen perfect tersest is definitely a tall task.

    • Word count: 963
  7. I am going to analyse two poems: "Porphyria's Lover" and "The Laboratory." I will be explaining the outline of the poem, how the characters are presented and some comparisons between the two poems.

    This means that "I" is used throughout the poem. His style of poetry is called "Dramatic Monologue." The poems I will be talking about are both Dramatic Monologues meaning they are long speeches with some sort of a drama in it. I am going to analyse two poems: "Porphyria's Lover" and "The Laboratory." I will be explaining the outline of the poem, how the characters are presented and some comparisons between the two poems. "Porphyria's Lover" This poem is about a man who is deeply in love with a woman. However, she does not live with the man, but she has a different life to him.

    • Word count: 895
  8. "Porphyria's Lover" by Robert Browning - Magistrate Confession Letter

    I asked these questions over and over again and came to a conclusion that I'm not convinced. I did the right thing. What I did to my Porphyria was not a murder but answering our wishes. I am not guilty and I am proud of myself giving Porphyria eternal beauty and love. I woke up with Porphyria, laughed with Porphyria and lived with Porphyria. Every aspect of my life included some part of her. Wherever I went, she was always with me. Her eyes were looking down to me from the sky and her body brought warmth to my bed when she slept with me. Porphyria kept me reasonable and calm. We loved each other that night.

    • Word count: 924
  9. To compare the attitudes shown in "The Man He Killed" By Tomas Hardy and in "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning

    His guilt is evident because he is questioning his actions; this is reinforced by the repetition of the word 'foe'. Also the use of the words 'That's clear enough...' where he is trying to reassure himself, about his actions. My Last Duchess The duke does not feel guilty for his actions; this is evident when he says; "I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together." His lack of guilt is evident because he is giving commands to someone to kill his wife; and he is not showing any regret or sadness.

    • Word count: 762
  10. Compare and contrast Porphyrias lover and My last Duchess

    Possession is very important in both relationships, in "My Last Duchess" the Duke owns the duchess "that's my last duchess" it is his "my" that shows, he sees the Duchess as a piece of art not a person. The Dukes love is materialistic, he thinks that she is only good for looking good, like a piece of art. The duke has curtains on the portrait of her "The curtain I have drawn for you, but I" he is the only person who can look at her when he pleases, he chooses who can look at her. He is in control.

    • Word count: 961
  11. "Hitcher"By Simon Armitage, "Education For Leisure" By Carol Anne Duffy,"My Last Duchess" and "The Lab" by Robert Browning are allpoems that deal with violence or the prospect of violence.

    Both poets aim to show us that people are unpredictable and innocent people often fall victim to anger that has gone too far. Both of the poems are arranged in stanzas, "Hitcher" contains some full and half rhyme to keep the poem moving but "Education for Leisure" is in free verse with short abrupt lines showing the characters irrational mind. Both authors choose to write in the style of a dramatic monologue as this is an effective way of portraying the poetic voices, thought and feelings.

    • Word count: 557
  12. In some poems the poets write about their feelings towards people. Compare 3 poems in this collection: the Laboratory, Havisham and My last Duchess

    In My Last Duchess it is about a man talking about his last duchess and what she did wrong and that the end result was murder. Havisham is about a lady who has gone mad over a love she once had who she was engaged to but at the last moment broke off their wedding and she never moves on from that day.

    • Word count: 404
  13. In the Victorian age Robert Browning had a talent for creating poems. He writes a number of poems but two in particular 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover' these are the two poems I will be comparing in my essay.

    My Last Duchess is about a duke who wants to marry the Count's daughter. The Count does not know the duke very much this is why he sends his servant round to visit the Duke and his property. When the poem starts the servant is already at the Duke's house. The Duke very kindly welcomes the servant into his house. He starts off by showing the servant a picture of his previous wife. The Duke then asked 'Will't please you sit and look at her?'

    • Word count: 659
  14. A study of "Porphyria's Lover" and " My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning.

    In the first poem it's the woman who has control in the second it's the man. In Porphyria's lover by Robert Browning, the narrator who is also the lover in the poem, describes a story in which an upper class woman treats him as if she owns him like a possession rather than as a lover. She walks into his house and rearranges the way he is sitting to show she has power and is in control. Porphyria , the woman, calls his name but he is angry and hurt that he was the least important thing on her list of things to do so he does not reply "And last, she sat down by my side and called me.

    • Word count: 816
  15. Compare 'my last Duchess' With 'Porphyria's Lover', taking into consideration subject and theme, setting and atmosphere and the choice and arrangements of the words.

    He settled down with her in Florence, but then moved to London when she died in 1861. It was then that he wrote some of his finest poetry. Both 'Porphyrias Lover' and 'My Last Duchess' are written in single stanza form but have a different rhyme scheme, 'My Last Duchess' is written in heroic couplets making it sound more rhythmic and methodical whereas 'Porphyrias lover' is written in the rhyme scheme: A-B-A-B-B-A with eight syllables per line and 'My Last Duchess' has 10 syllables per line. Both poems are written as a monologue and from the first person point of view this makes the poems more personal.

    • Word count: 669
  16. Compare the effectiveness of the poet's use of the dramatic monologue in 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover'.

    It also states 'the sullen wind was soon awake' to give a feel of mystery. These features also seem to represent the character's feelings towards his love as he is moody, stubborn and unenthusiastic when she comes in as well as deep in thought. He is 'sullen' as when she 'called' him 'no voice replied'. The other poem shows character even in the title 'My Last Duchess' with its possessive pronoun 'my'. From the repeated use of possessive pronouns 'my' and 'mine' the reader soon realizes how controlling the Duke is 'That's my last duchess painted on the wall'.

    • Word count: 948
  17. Compare the dramatic monologues 'Porphyria's Lover' and 'My Last Duchess' by Robert Browning.

    In 'Porphyria's Lover', the speaker is Porphyria's lover, he is talking to himself, and in 'My Last Duchess' the Duke is the speaker and he is talking to a servant. The Duke is a very proud man, being a Duke he is higher than working class, and his family goes back for generations 'My gift of nine-hundred-years old name' he thinks that the duchess should have been very proud to be marrying in to his family. Porphyria's Lover is a very possessive, love poems often express the wish that time would stand still, Porphyria's lover is no exception to this, 'one wish would be heard, and thus we sit together now' he wants the moment of love to last forever.

    • Word count: 914
  18. Compare and contrast the poems 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover'.

    "That's my last Duchess on the wall, looking as if she were alive." This makes us feel for the Duke for the loss of his wife. But as you read on you begin to see the true side of the Duke. "Fra Pandolfs hands worked busily a day." This makes you feel that he sees her as just another piece of artwork, a prize, a trophy, not as a lover or a companion. The man in 'Porphyria's lover' sees her as in control, "She put my arm about her waist." He feels that she is just using him and that this affair can not go on.

    • Word count: 971
  19. Compare and Contrast Robert Browning's Dramatic Monologues,

    "My Last Duchess" is evidence that times were changing socially towards women. Women were becoming independent and free to make their own choices and become their own woman. In "My Last Duchess" the speaker was the 'Duke of Ferrara' and he was speaking to the Envoy (messenger) who is the silent listener, also "The Laboratory" has a silent listener 'The Chemist (Apothecary)' and the speaker is a mystery women. Both monologues have something in common, the speaker never interrupts. "My Last Duchess" is not about the Duchess but the Duke who is telling you of his late wife (Duchess).

    • Word count: 559
  20. Poets do not always speak directly as themselves but use a persona, a speaker other than the poet. Explore the methods which poets use to convey their thoughts and feelings.

    Robert Browning uses another persona in his poem in order to convey the character of the Duke. Manufactured emotion is used, 'Sir, 'twas all one!' This adds to the contemptuous tone of the poem that has been built up from the start. The Duke has been made out to be jealous, pompous and insecure amongst other things, an example of this being, '...for never read/Strangers like you that pictured countenance.' This makes the Duke seem deeply paranoid as he may have suspected an affair had been taking place between her and Fra Pandolf.

    • Word count: 691
  21. Compare and contrast "Porphyria's lover and "My last Duchess", refer in detail to themes and characters.

    "E'en then would be stooping: and I choose never to stoop." In contrast the death of Porphyria was not premeditated but as a result of emotion, passion and love. Porphyria's lover looked into Porphyria eyes and saw that she worshipped him and that she was going to leave him, he debated what to do because he could not bare her leaving him. In the heat of the situation and with such high emotions running he ends up killing her in order to preserve her purity.

    • Word count: 661
  22. Jealousy and obsessive love is a theme in Porphyria's Lover and the Duchess of Malfi. Analyse the poem closely making appropriate links to the Duchess Of Malfi.

    The effectiveness of the dramatic monologue is that Browning unknowingly reveals things about himself and at this particular point he has expressed how he is emotionally unstable. The 'heart' has connotations of love and warmth but Browning paradoxically associated negative feelings such as to 'break', to express his incompleteness and sadness. Moreover the verb 'break' is deliberately end-stopped to reveal the intensity of his feelings and the obsessive nature of his love for Porphyria. Browning gives a clear insight into the lover's obsessiveness over Porphyria through the overly detailed description of when she enters the lover's house.

    • Word count: 808
  23. Discuss Browning's presentation of women in the two poems "Porphyria's Lover" and "My Last Duchess".

    From pride, and vainer ties dissever, And give herself to me forever". In "Porphyria's Lover" the opening scene is the narrator describing the setting and atmosphere, "the rain set early in tonight". This makes the reader aware of some kind of danger or corruption, which will take place. Browning uses pathetic fallacy to describe the moody of the characters, "storm" "the sullen wind was soon awake". In both of the poems, Browning using different themes to illustrate how men treated women. Browning uses the theme of jealousy in the two poems. In "My Last Duchess" the Duke explains how he has his wife killed because of they way she looked at other men, "she thanked men, -good!

    • Word count: 915
  24. Critical account of 'Porphyria's lover' by Robert Browning.

    Browning uses his language very subtlety, meaning you would either have to look closely or to read the poem over more than once in order to fully appreciate the greatness of the writing. The madman is given a very mysterious character, forcing the readers to want to know more about him. His character contrasts with that of Porphyria, who is beautiful and warm, 'When glided in Porphyria:' 'she shut the cold out,' and 'kneeled and made the cheerless grate blaze up,' are examples of how Browning created her character.

    • Word count: 984
  25. A comparison account of 'Porphyria's lover' and 'My Last Duchess' by Robert Browning.

    He is talking to a representative of the count who has been sent to arrange the terms of the marriage. At the start of the monologue he draws back a curtain and shows a picture of his last wife who 'died'. "That's my last wife painted on the wall, Looking as if she were alive, I call That piece a wonder..." The duke tells of his late wife's giving nature, which makes him jealous for his own failings. Both poems deal with similar themes, the conflict between the innocent and the corrupt, and good and evil.

    • Word count: 766

Conclusion analysis

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  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
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