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GCSE: Robert Browning

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  1. Comparing and Contrasting My Last Duchess and Porphyrias Lover

    While men were free to try and do better for themselves, women were stuck with what they were born with and then later, married into. What makes this situation even stranger is that at the time of Browning writing "My Last Duchess" and "Porphyria's Lover" is that there was a queen on the throne and therefore a female in charge of the running of the country. The main themes of both "My Last Duchess" and "Porphyria's Lover" are that of: control, class, and personalities.

    • Word count: 1872
  2. Comparing Porphyrias Lover and My Last Duchess

    Little can be gathered about the personality of Porphyria's Lover. It could be suggested that he is slightly irritable or sullen, as in the poem he says "...she sat down by my side and called me. When no voice replied..." One must wonder why the Lover didn't reply. It could be because on entering acknowledging his presence. This suggests a rather childish attitude. Also, his slightly psychopathic actions bring up questions of his mental state of mind. On saying that, at the end of the poem, he remarks that God has not said anything, which suggests that he knows that what he has just done is wrong, and no doubt he knew it was wrong as he did it, yet he didn't stop.

    • Word count: 1653
  3. Describe what you have found of interest in the poetry of Robert Browning. Of the poems that I have studied I have chosen My Last Duchess, The Pied Piper of Hamelin and Porphrias Lover. The poems are similar in many ways but al

    This is shown by the phrase "then all smiles stopped together", which suggests that the Duke had her killed. She was murdered as her heart was "too easily impressed" and because "her looks went everywhere". These phrases suggest that he was jealous of her as she was too friendly to other men and so he did not think that she was a good wife. Both of the other poems reflect this theme of murder but for different reasons, like in the pied piper it is for revenge as the promised payment is denied.

    • Word count: 1823
  4. Is it possible to sympathise in any way with the villains in the two dramatic monologues by Browning that you have read?

    The Duke and Porphyria's lover reduce women to objects with the Duke treating the Duchess very much as one of his expensive treasures and with Porphyria's love saying how Porphyria felt after he had murdered her - "The smiling rosy little head/so glad it has its utmost will". Neither has any understanding of the women in the poems, the Duke's selfishness is especially obvious in his comment "But who passed without the same smile" which shows how jealous he was when 'his' Duchess even dared to smile at someone else.

    • Word count: 1458
  5. Many Men in Victorian Britain Feared Some Women's Desire for Independence. How does Browning Reflect this Fear in his Poem, 'Porphyria's Lover'?

    Devoid of the vigilant eye of their spouse, the women could easily flirt with other men, and over time, this may have resulted in them having an affair. Robert Browning refers to women socialising without their partners in 'Porphyria's Lover', line twenty-seven states "Nor could tonight's gay feast restrain" to which Porphyria seems to have attended on her own because the poem suggests that Porphyria came from the feast and through a storm to join him, "When glided in Porphyria; straight she shut the old out and the storm".

    • Word count: 1947
  6. Comparing Browning Poems

    "Broke in the orchard for her, the white mule She rode with round the terrace" "Porphyria's Lover" was published in 1836 and could be set in several eras but seems to reflect a Victorian lifestyle. "Withdrew the dripping coat and shawl, And laid her soiled gloves by, untied Her hat and let the damp hair fall," At the beginning of "Porphyria's Lover" Browning immediately begins to set the scene; "The rain set early in to-night, The sullen wind was soon awake," These lines create a strong atmosphere which help you to imagine a picture of where the scene is taking place - a very cold and wet, stormy night.

    • Word count: 1343
  7. RENAISSANCE IN BROWNING'S POETRY

    The Renaissance freed men's from the hold of ascetic ideals, asserted the supremacy of reason, and induced men to take an artistic delight in the beauties of the world and the delights of the senses. But we must remember that with this glorifying of the body and the senses also went a passionate intellectual curiosity, a striving for widening the horizons of human knowledge. Like the painters of the Italian Renaissance, Browning too had no dislike for the body, its life, its beauty, power and charm.

    • Word count: 1197
  8. Pre 1914 poetry analysis

    The Duke was quite demanding of the Duchess and "gave commands; then all the smiles stopped together. There she stands as if alive". This gives the reader the impression that the Duke didn't appreciate the fact that his Duchess did not enjoy getting commands, and due to her reaction towards the commands, he got the Duchess killed. From the Dukes actions taken towards the Duchess the reader can tell the Duke feels quite bitter towards his last Duchess for what she has or has not done. And by looking at who the quotation was said to, (maybe a messenger from the father of the Dukes next Duchess), the reader sees that the Duke is being clever and giving the messenger a hint that his future Duchess shouldn't mess the Duke around.

    • Word count: 1302
  9. Browning Version

    His translation was cold and unfeeling, due to the loss of his true love. This translation is very central to the play's meaning, because the realtionship between Millie and Andrew are mirrored by that of Agammemnon and Clymenstra. This plot of the 'Agamemnon' is almost identical to the play "The Browning Version", Agamemnon happens to be the favourite tale of the main character, Andrew Crocker-Harris. Crocker- Harris plays the role of a classics teacher at a school. He is first introduced to the play, by other main characters, which discuss his odd sense of humour and a strange commitment to the school.

    • Word count: 1223
  10. Compare and contrast, My Last Duchess and Porphyria's Lover commenting on content, style and form. What do they reveal about attitudes to women and relationships in the Nineteenth Century

    In "My Last Duchess", obviously it is the fact that Duke Ferrara had killed the Duchess deliberately. The main theme amongst the poems is how men treated women. Robert Browning lived in the time of the Victorian Period where men had a lot of power and control over women so that could be where he had the inspiration to write these poems. Women then were looked down at and their life achievements were limited to having a family and looking after it. The Duke and Porphyria's Lover both show jealousy as they want total control over their wives and want to be sure they can't fall for another man.

    • Word count: 1329
  11. Compare and contrast similarities and differences of Porphyria's lover and my last Duchess

    However he feels she does not appreciate it "as if she ranked My gift... With anybody's gift" The counts magnificent pride is also illustrated through his enthusiasm for the painting of his duchess. This is why he makes a point of telling the counts representative the history of it and asks him to stop and look at it "Will't please you sit and look at her?". From the Dukes title we can straight away see that he is a very powerful man, secondly we notice he was not scared to confess he had his wife killed: "I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together".

    • Word count: 1748
  12. comparing porphyria's lover and the sisters

    When the narrator realises that he could never have her for real, he strangles her with her own hair after she says that she loves him. Pathetic Fallacy gives us a good idea of the mood of the poem. "The rain set early into night, the sullen wind was soon awake, it tore from the elm tops down for spite, and did its worse to vex the lake." Straight away this gives the reader a picture of an unsettled atmosphere, and also expresses the narrators mood as quite dark and disturbed. Porphyria also has a strong effect on the narrator.

    • Word count: 1619
  13. Compare the ways in which the poems present murderous relationships and their consequences In the two poems 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover', Robert Browning

    as perfect if she was dead, and he becomes even more obsessed with her as he slowly kills her by strangling her with her hair. In the other poem, 'My Last Duchess', the Duke is talking about his Duchess who he had killed, and during the poem, he explains to the reader about his point of view towards her after showing the painting off. The Duke in this poem is obsessed with power, and probably with himself too. He was in fear of his power being taken from him because his last Duchess was so changeling towards him; even though she didn't realise it.

    • Word count: 1822
  14. I will compare the characters in the four poems Kid, Havisham, The Laboratory and My last Duchess. Havisham is by Carol Ann Duffy, Kid is by Simon Armitage and My last Duchess and The Laboratory are both by Robert Browning

    In the poem, he puts across that he has no life of his own. We already know, from books and films, that they are two partners that have always seemed inseparable, and we know that batman is the one who is superior to Robin and who has more authority. Robin is inferior to batman and is always around observing Batman do his duty and appears to have no role of his own. He talks about how Batman is seen as such a hero and a star, in the first line he says "batman, bigshot," he feels that he is just a sidekick that is nothing special.

    • Word count: 1063
  15. Comparing 'My Last Duchess' & 'Porphyria's Lover'Poetry Coursework

    It is Porphyria's presence that lights up his life. It is she who murmurs 'how she loved me' in other words Porphyria appears to be the active partner. It is Porphyria who is making the choices. He sees himself when meeting with Porphyria as silent and passive. 'When no voice replied she put my arm about her waist', which suggests that she is controlling his actions. It is also relevant that we know this protagonist as Porphyria's lover he does not even have his own name.

    • Word count: 1578
  16. "Stealing" by Carol Ann Duffy and "Porphyria's Lover" by Robert Browning, will be compared and contrasted on the ways that the poets reveal their narrator's personalities

    In "Porphyria's Lover", the narrator has a "mate" but becomes over obsessed by the fact that at that moment when she is sitting by his side, Porphyria was his and he wanted to keep it that way forever instead of her going back to her husband. He becomes so transfixed by this that he decides to kill her, to keep the situation in that state, and is completely in denial about the fact that she was in pain: "That moment she was mine, mine, fair....

    • Word count: 1905
  17. Using style and form, how do the Brownings evoke reader sympathy and moral judgement in their poems "Porphyria's Lover" and "Lord Walter's Wife"?

    After he tells her he "has promised another" she claims "Why that... Is no reason, Love's always free I am told". Even so the reader is convinced that she has been hard done by and forgets her initial actions similar to a "harlot". From the start, both poems show who is most significant in the poems and who will gain most reader sympathy. The title "Lord Walter's wife" indicates that the wife is a possession, hence the apostrophe of possession, and not significant on her own but only as a part of her husband.

    • Word count: 1737
  18. Discuss the ways in which Browning creates a sense of MALEVOLENCE in 'The Laboratory' & 'Porphyria's Lover'

    The rhyming pattern in 'Porphyria's Lover' is ABABB and the way in which it rhymes creates a sense of mysterious and subdued atmosphere and this helps to create a sense of malevolence and you can feel that something evil is going to happen. The 5 lines leading up to her been killed, "Be sure I look'd up at her eyes Happy and proud; at last I knew Porphyria worshipp'd me; surprise Made my heart swell, and still it grew While I debated what to do" This can be used as evidence to show that he was debating what to do and this shows to us that we know that even if it is not death something is going to happen.

    • Word count: 1122
  19. By comparing the two poems 'Porphyria's Lover' and 'My Last Duchess', explore how Browning deals worth the theme of jealousy.

    'For love of her and all in vain: So, she was come through wind and rain. Be sure I look'd up at her eyes Happy and proud; at last I knew Porphyria worshipp'd me surprise Made my heart swell, and still it grew'. Because of this strong bond between the two characters, there is evidence in the poem that Porphyria's lover could not handle the thought of them not being together, and for this reason the lover murders Porphyria in a moment of passion. The reader can notice the male protagonist's feelings in lines 36-42. 'That moment she was mine, mine, fair, perfectly pure and good: I found a thing to do'.

    • Word count: 1400
  20. "Porphyria's Lover" and "The Laboratory"

    Browning cleverly set's the scene by using strong word such as "sullen", "tore" and "vex". Already we can see that this man, the lover, desperately craves the love of Porphyria, and leads us to question why he is so angry and what happened previous to this as to make him so angry. But enters Porphyria gliding as though the world stops, the way she moves is almost serene as well as graceful. All these actions seem to be building up to something, as though trouble lurks in every corner.

    • Word count: 1510
  21. Critical appreciation of Robert Browning poems.

    - usually about an important topic. The purpose of the most dramatic monologues is to provide the reader with and overall intimate view of the characters personality. A great poet can use punctuation and rhyme to make the poem appear as if it was an actual conversation. One of Robert Browning's best piece of work was published in 1842. It was called 'My Last Duchess'. My Last Duchess is portrayed as a jealous arrogant man who is very controlling over his wife.

    • Word count: 1493
  22. Compare the two poems 'Porphyria's lover' and 'my last duchess' by Robert Browning. In what way do they form part of a literary tradition?

    other poetic devices used are rhetoric device which is used when in 'my last duchess' the duke is trying to persuade the ambassador that he is a decent person and in 'Porphyria's lover' he is persuading himself that he should kill her so that he can be with her for ever because he loved her so much; crime for passion, 'A sudden thought of one so pale For love of her, and all in vain'. Also in the poems the narrator likes to control 'That moment she was mine, mine' and in 'my last duchess' the narrator says 'I gave

    • Word count: 1737
  23. Demonstrate what the dramatic monologue form allows Robert Browning to achieve in his poetry

    The Duke's requirements of his wife seem unreasonable, exposing an aspect of instability within his supposedly impeachable character. He complains that "'t was not/ Her husband's presence only, called that spot/ Of joy into the Duchess' cheek," appearing to imply that his wife's happiness should only be induced by him. Browning immediately makes this attitude appear ridiculous by demonstrating the Duke's bullish approach to the painter of his wife's image. The Duke condemns the "earnest glance" required by the painter's profession in exaggerating its "depth and passion."

    • Word count: 1495
  24. Browning's poems often deal with the complexities of human passion. Discuss "Two In The Campagna" and any other poem in which you consider he does this particularly effectively. Make references to other poems.

    The poem becomes increasingly vibrant and passionate as the couple evidently become s******y aroused together. In my opinion, the imagery of the beetles inside a flower is incredibly vivid and is one of my personal favourite images in all of Browning's love poetry: "...Where one small orange cup amassed Five beetles,--blind and green they grope Among the honey-meal..." The images are abundantly fertile, with an intense evocation of invigorating beauty and fertility. The sixth stanza describes how nature reproduces in these fields, and features s****l images such as "primal naked forms of flowers".

    • Word count: 1490
  25. A Comparison Between 'Porphyria's Lover' And 'The Laboratory'

    It was in that moment he realised she worshipped him; he wanted to savour the moment. He wanted to savour the moment. The lines 'I found A thing to do and all her hair In one long yellow string I wound Three times her little throat around, And strangled her.' Describe how naturally it came to this man to kill a woman he loved by strangling her with her own blonde hair. The calmness and natural behaviour of the murderer add to the horror of such a scene and reflects upon this man's insanity.

    • Word count: 1982

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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