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GCSE: War Poetry
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Comparing and contrasting "The charge of the Light Brigade" and "The Defence of Lucknow" by Lord Alfred Tennyson.
They refused to face defeat and go down and under but instead rise for victory since that was their primary objective for the cause of Britain "The Defence of Lucknow" was one of the most famous episodes of the Indian Mutiny in 1857. It is based on a battle that took place during the time that India was a colony of England. This battle was of high intensity between the British settlement in India against the rebels. This poem is set in Lucknow.
- Word count: 2987
This though, did not happen and instead of this great British victory was this. The British had not concealed their plans of attack and the Germans intercepted some, plus the weeklong bombardment gave the Germans plenty of warning. The Germans were happy to stay on French land so German trenches were heavily fortified and, furthermore, many of the British shells failed to explode. When the bombardment began, the Germans simply moved underground and waited. About 7:30am on the 1st of July they blew their whistles to signal the start of an attack. This plus the 10 minutes between the end of the bombardment and the land assault gave the Germans plenty of time to man their machineguns and get ready for the British.
- Word count: 1024
Canada had an army of 660,000 men. Most of these men served in France and Flanders. Its fighting strength was concentrated in a formation called the Canadian Corps which was composed of four separate Divisions. These Divisions had arrived at the front individually and had never served together until the battle of 1917, when they faced there first collective objective which was Vimy Ridge. The French and the British had both made attempts to Capture Vimy Ridge but they failed in their attempts. The French and the British both lost 150,000 soldiers in these attempts. Before the Canadians were to attempt capturing Vimy Ridge they wanted to wear down the German defense before the battle so artillery bombardment was increased.
- Word count: 706
This extract captures all that angers me about the first day of the Battle of the Somme: The initial plan of the Somme was by the time that it was over it would end the war with a victory for the British, I believe that if the battle of the Somme had been less sacrificial for us then we would have put an end to the war and it would be over. Instead-too many men were killed too quickly so our defensive were instantly weakened along with our attack.
- Word count: 569
If this was achieved the generals planned to advance and capture those positions giving way for Haig's cavalry to charge through and travel North, capturing and rounding up German troops. The British theory was to use aircraft to spot German artillery so the soldiers on the ground would know their whereabouts and could destroy them during a heavy barrage. This would also eliminate German soldiers and trenches and cut up the barbed wire that protected the enemy lines so the British soldiers would have no problem in advancing and killing the few German survivors.
- Word count: 2344
The Germans built reinforced dugouts and when the bombardment began they moved into them. The 1st July saw the official start of the battle, 11 British divisions walked steadily to the German front line. The Germans simply came out of their dug-outs, mounted their machine guns and the infamous slaughter began. The ensuing day was the most deadly day in the whole history of the British Army; it saw around 60,000 casualties including 20,000 dead. The British decided to focus their next offensive on the South banks of the river. Following some significant territorial gains on the 14th July, which could not be withheld, the next two months became a stalemate.
- Word count: 2404
they couldn't fly, they lost 500 planes in these 2 weeks as well. Also more importantly 6 key airfields were out of action because they had received such heavy bombing from Goerings Luftwaffe. However on the 7th of september Hitler ordered Goering switch targets from the British airfields to London and civilian targets. This was a fatal error because it did damage London but Fighter command was allowed to get back on its feet. Source F explains this point well."Hitler ordered Goering to switch the luftwaffe's attacks from airfields to civilian targets" Source F also mentions what this meant to the RAF.
- Word count: 899
Arrian reports on this battle "His infantry was massed in two groups, both wings protected by cavalry, while all transport had orders to follow in the rear", this suggests that Alexander was very well prepared and had organised his troops so that they performed as efficiently as possible. Also in his description of the battle Arrian indicates Alexander's popularity:- "They could see Alexander himself, an unmistakeable figure, attended by his suite with an almost ecstatic reverence." Alex was very young at this point in his rein but already had established himself as a great leader among the Greeks and greatly feared by the Persians.
- Word count: 725
That was not the only goal. Hague also believed that he could use this opportunity to push the Germans back. Also the battle would give the British a chance to use some new weapons. The plan was simple, the British would fire their artillery for a solid week, killing all the Germans and destroying the barbed wire. The British soldiers would then be able to literally walk across and take the German trenches. This however did not go exactly to plan.
- Word count: 783
The RAF could not afford to lose the battle, and they certainly rose to the challenge. The official 'start' to the Battle of Britain was the 10th July 1940 (although this has been much debated) when the Luftwaffe started to hit British convoys in the Channel. Their aim was to hit British shipping and other various targets on a daily basis to draw out the RAF so they could engage them. In this way, they hoped to weaken the RAF until 'Eagle Day', when the Germans would launch an all out attack on RAF airfields and destroy the RAF in one killer blow.
- Word count: 1779
The popular myth of the Battle of Britain quickly emerged during the early part of the War. However, not all later interpretations fully follow it. Why?
the Luftwaffe had poor communication and they weren't sure of direct plan so they picked parts to b**b, they did not actually realise that they had caused so much damage and that they were so near to victory. Herman Goring was in charge of the Luftwaffe, decided that attacking radar stations was not really worthwhile as they could easily be put back into services, but this was a fatal mistake because the radar system were quickly fixed and they played a vital part in wining the battle.
- Word count: 6023
It was now in the hands of the RAF pilots to defend their homeland. Britain's RAF emerged victorious from the battle and Hitler was forced to call off his proposed 'Operation Sea Lion'. The n**i's could not invade Britain and this saved them from the dreaded Blitzkrieg. Hitler realised he would not be able to defeat Britain and concentrated his efforts on Russia and (foolishly) on America, since Britain was still available for Hitler's enemies use, America used it as a pathway to Germany; it was the launching pad for the second front. American and British soldiers attacked Germany from the west, whilst Russia attacked from the east.
- Word count: 6998
One of Tennyson's main points is the courage of the British troops: "Boldly they rode and well" I feel by using the adverb at the beginning of the sentence makes it very memorable. It emphasises the courage of the British soldiers. This act of bravery on behalf of the troops makes me feel proud about our long and war-riddled history. This sentence has an aura of passion and love for their country; it shows that even in the face of adversity they still managed to hold their heads high.
- Word count: 702
The battle of the Somme - This analysis is to debate whether or not the battle should have been fought using the sources and information given.
The Germans had a better prospective of winning. Also soldiers on the British side were mislead by their commanding officers. Source C was written by a well known historian A.J.P.Taylor, for yet another book in 1979. Agian his information came from endless research and his own knowledge. "German machine gunners had perfected to a three minute drill" this statement is more than likely true as the first day didn't go well for either side. The historian is well known for his accurate information on topics like the war so this source is fairly reliable.
- Word count: 1929
British planes also had another advantage; they were fighting over their home country. If a pilot survives a crash they can land in Kent or Sussex and head back to fighter command to take off again, pilots were much more needed than planes. The German pilots however would be kept as prisoners of war. The British planes could also land and refuel but the German planes could only spend 10 minutes over Britain before refuelling. The planes that fought in the battle were the ME bf 109, ME bf 110, Ju 87 Stuka, Spitfire and Hurricane.
- Word count: 975
Compare and Contrast 'The Charge of the Light Brigade' by Lord Tennyson with 'Exposure' by Wilfred Owen.
"Into the valley of death Rode the six hundred" "Then the rode back, but not Not the six hundred" "All that was left of them Left of six hundred" etc. Likewise, exposure also tells a story, although this time, instead of having it told from an outsider's point of view, it's told from a soldier's perspective of how they march to battle, to how the soldiers that died are having a burial service. The next similarity ties in with the last; the last line or couple of lines from each verse in each poem are significant.
- Word count: 836
Churchill cleverly mentions America, which was an attempt to draw them into the war, it was a form of emotional blackmail, especially as Churchill was half American, so he had strong tides with America. There are many strength to this interpretation, it was a speech by the prime minister, so it must've been well informed, and also making it an eyewitness account as he was witnessing the Battle at that time. However, the greatest strength is the use of Propaganda, as this was very effective at the time and people were inspired by the speech and Churchill clearly reached out to his audience very successfully.
- Word count: 4259
William was planning to arrive on the beach and if this had happened Harold would have slaughtered him. Fortunately for William, the sea was too choppy to sail across the channel and so William's army were waiting in Normandy for the weather to improve before crossing. While they were waiting Hadrada and his army of Vikings invaded the north of England. Harold decided to march north to fight Hadrada. Meanwhile the seas had calmed down and William and his army had crossed the channel and arrived on the beach near Hastings. Harold had just beaten Hadrada when he got some bad news: William had invaded in the south.
- Word count: 720
Krazak had given him the task of attacking the rear of the caravans and capturing the best of the spoils he knew that this was Krazak's way of giving him a chance to prove himself.The Shaman baka-kra-za had forseen the comming of a great Beastlord.He could not fail. He watched the caravans comming towards his own unit of Beastmenand Ungors. "Not long now he tought.....not long now."Suddenly the shouts of battle and clashing of weapons made him snap round his nostrils flaring "Too early" he tought "too early."But now was no time for such thoughts.
- Word count: 754
"Explain how Spielberg presents the horrors of war in the opening sequence of 'Saving Private Ryan'. What do you believe his purpose is and to what extent does he achieve his purpose?"
The most significant part of the battle scene is when Tom Hanks stops for a moment of silence and contemplation, next to a barricade, and looks around to gather his thoughts and perspective at that moment in time. The whole of the time that he is thinking is displayed in slow motion. We see a fellow soldier with his arm blown off but he picks it back up and continues as if he'll need it for later. The hand held camera is positioned from Tom Hanks view to deliver a clear image to the audience of the pain and helplessness he is feeling and what he is viewing.
- Word count: 934
However the confidence of the soldiers was to be a negative object in their attack as the Germans 40ft trenches caught the English and French unexpectedly and neither did they know that the Germans trenches could see the English trenches, which meant that the Germans knew what the English were doing. The Germans stood their ground and as allied soldiers walked to the German trenches the Germans set up their machine guns and started to shoot. The Germans could not believe the ease of shooting the soldiers.
- Word count: 869
The Allies realised that any attack that was made on the Germans would have to be proceeded by a heavy, accurate and lengthy bombardment. Just prior to the attack it was planned for some mines under the German front line to be exploded. Aerial spotters was intended to locate and put out of action the German artillery batteries by guiding the bombardment to them. The bombardment was supposed to begin on June 24th 1916 and was supposed to last five days.
- Word count: 1013
He then wrote this poem of loyal and brave soldiers who gave their lives because of one man's mistake. The differing tones of both poems are clear from their beginnings. 'The Battle of Blenheim' begins very calmly on a summer's evening with 'Old Kaspar sitting in the sun'. Whereas, 'The Charge of the Light Brigade' gets right into the action of the battle with the steady rhythm of galloping horses. The children in 'The Battle of Blenheim' bring peace and enjoyment to the beginning of the poem, but then suddenly the tone becomes chilling and menacing as one of the children discovers something small and round and Old Kaspar says 'tis some poor fellow's skull'.
- Word count: 1369
The actual fight starts at 4PM when Admiral Beatty's battle cruisers open fire on Admiral von Hippers battlecruiers. Beatty attempts to sail south to cut Hipper off from his base in Germany. Hipper undertakes a withdrawal to the southeast hoping to lure Beatty into a trap, force Beatty to face the main fleet, which Beatty will be crushed. During this chase Beatty is at a disadvantage as the sun brightens his ships while his enemy's ships are hidden in the haze and mist. Beatty did not even reach the High Seas Fleet and he already took severe damage.
- Word count: 1487